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human rights violations

European Parliament Adopts Draft Report on Turkey focused on Human Rights Violations and Call on Suspending Accession Talks

The European Parliament has adopted the draft report on Turkey, that underpins corruption, human rights violations, shut-down of 160 media organizations, violation of rights defenders’ rights, concerns about setbacks in freedom of expression, unjustifiable detention of 150,000 and arrest of 78,000 people, dismissal of more than 4,000 judges and prosecutors and arrest of 570 lawyers. The report expresses concerns that Turkey’s Directorate of Religious Affairs has been used in Europe by the Turkish intelligence services to put pressure on the opposition, particularly on members of the Gulen movement, a religious group blamed by the government for orchestrating the coup attempt. The report also criticizes the actions of the Turkish government against Turkish nationals in third countries, including harassment and kidnappings. While repeating an assertion that human rights and the rule of law have deteriorated in the country, the latest EP report also mentions other problems.
The resolution calls the formal suspension of EU accession talks with Turkey and mentions that a peaceful solution must be found for the rights violations in Turkey. The European Parliament General Assembly will vote on the draft report in the sessions between March 11 and 14. The Parliament’s decisions are advisory and non-binding. The Turkish foreign Ministry on Thursday said the decision of the foreign affairs committee of the European Parliament (EP) advising formal suspension of accession negotiations between Turkey and the European Union was absolutely unacceptable.

Resources:
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-21/turkey-faces-crucial-vote-on-eu-accessio n-before-local-ballot
http://m.bianet.org/english/politics/205700-european-parliament-adopts-draft-report-on-turkey
https://ahvalnews.com/eu-turkey/turkey-slams-eu-parliaments-call-suspending-accession-talks
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-turkey-eu-idUSKCN1QA0MJ
https://www.theweek.co.uk/99755/end-of-the-road-for-turkey-s-eu-dreams

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly January 20

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_January 13

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations | 01/13/2019-01/20/2019

1-” Enes Kanter eager for Knicks return after ‘boring’ spell as TV viewer”
https://nypost.com/2019/01/21/enes-kanter-eager-for-knicks-return-after-boring-spell-as-tv-viewer/

2-“Enes Kanter’s concerns about potential assassination over political views taken ‘very seriously’by NBA”
https://www.foxnews.com/sports/enes-kanters-concerns-about-potential-assassination-over-political-views-taken-very-seriously-by-nba

3- New York Knicks Star Enes Kanter’s Assassination Fears: ‘Erdogan’s Long Arm Is Everywhere’
https://www.thedailybeast.com/new-york-knicks-star-enes-kanters-assassination-fears-erdogans-long-arm-is-everywhere

4- Thunder center Enes Kanter has arrest warrant in Turkey, accused of being part of terrorist group
https://www.sbnation.com/2017/5/26/15701832/enes-kanter-arrest-warrant-terrorist-turkey-thunder-nba-gulen-erdogan

5- Enes Kanter fears about his homeland are ‘delusions’, says former NBA player Hedo Turkoglu
https://www.skysports.com/nba/news/36226/11601632/enes-kanter-fears-about-his-homeland-are-delusions-says-former-nba-player-hedo-turkoglu

6- Spurning Erdogan’s Vision, Turks Leave in Droves, Draining Money and Talent
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/02/world/europe/turkey-emigration-erdogan.html

7- New York Knicks’ Enes Kanter brands Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ‘Alunatic’, says he fears for his life
https://www.newsweek.com/enes-kanter-turkish-government-recep-tayyip-erdogan-new-york-knicks-nba-1280375

8- Turkish TV watchdog orders halt to show over actors’ remarks on Erdoğan
http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-tv-watchdog-orders-halt-to-show-over-actors-remarks-on-erdogan-140055

9- HSBC’s Turkish boss is probed by police for Hitler insult to country’s leader Recep Erdogan
https://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/markets/article-6545603/HSBCs-Turkish-boss-probed-police-Hitler-insult-countrys-leader-Recep-Erdogan.html

10- Turkish Comedy Veterans in Court After TV Attack Riles Erdogan
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-24/turkish-comedy-veterans-in-court-after-tv-attack-riles-erdogan

11- Kurdish protesters attacked by Erdoğan’s bodyguards at DC demonstration sue Turkish government
https://www.pri.org/stories/2019-01-18/kurdish-protesters-attacked-erdo-ans-bodyguards-dc-demonstration-sue-turkish

12- NBA’s Kanter urges Trump to act on Turkey’s human rights record
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-turkey-security-gulen-kanter/nbas-kanter-urges-trump-to-act-on-turkeys-human-rights-record-idUSKCN1PB268

13- Turkey reportedly seeking warrant for Knicks’ Enes Kanter over ‘terror’ claims
https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2019/jan/16/enes-kanter-turkey-arrest-warrant-nba-recep-tayyip-erdogan

14- Why Turkey is seeking an international arrest warrant for Knicks’ Enes Kanter
https://www.sbnation.com/nba/2019/1/7/18172721/enes-kanter-arrest-warrant-travel-london-knicks-wizards-turkey-president

15- Turkey Issues Yet Another Arrest Warrant for Enes Kanter
https://sports.vice.com/en_us/article/a3m5pp/turkey-issues-yet-another-arrest-warrant-for-enes-kanter-erdogan

16- NBA New York Knicks player Enes Kanter is a wanted man in Turkey. Here’s why
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-01-17/new-york-knicks-enes-kanter-a-wanted-man-in-turkey-heres-why/10721890

17- ‘I didn’t feel safe’: NBA star Enes Kanter skips London game over Turkey assassination fears
https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/kanter-erdogan-turkey-nba-1.4984599

18- “Turkey orders arrest of 100 soldiers over alleged links to Muslim cleric accused of orchestrating coup attempt”
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/turkey-soldiers-arrest-fethullah-gulen-coup-erdogan-muslim-cleric-president-a8722426.html

19- “Turkish men ‘face torture’ after being extradited from Malaysia as post-coup crackdown continues”
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/turkey-coup-attempt-erdogan-gulen-hizmet-movement-crackdown-malaysia-arrests-extradited-karaman-a7733276.html

20- “Turkey sentences detained judge who won human rights award to 10 years, Anadolu says”
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/world/turkey-sentences-detained-judge-who-won-human-rights-award-to-10-years–anadolu-says-11141758

21- “Man detained by Turkey for ‘liking’ anti-Erdogan Facebook post”
http://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/turkey/20012019

22- “Jailed Turkish philanthropist Osman Kavala to be nominated for Nobel Peace Prize”
https://ahvalnews.com/osman-kavala/jailed-turkish-philanthropist-osman-kavala-be-nominated-nobel-peace-prize

23- “Daily chart Turkey leads the world in jailed journalists”
https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2019/01/16/turkey-leads-the-world-in-jailed-journalists

24- “Turkish Prosecutors Seek Arrest of the Knicks’ Enes Kanter”
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/16/sports/basketball/knicks-enes-kanter-turkey-arrest-warrant.html

Erdogan Hukumeti tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri

25- “45 günlük bebek annesiyle birlikte cezaevine konuldu”
http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/45-gunluk-bebek-annesiyle-birlikte-cezaevine-konuldu-h127508.html

26- ”OHAL bitti ama baskılar bitmedi, uyduruk gerekçelerle tutuklamalar devam ediyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/ohal-bitti-ama-baskilar-bitmedi-uyduruk-gerekcelerle-tutuklamalar-devam-ediyor-h127501.html

27- “TMSF, hukuksuzca gasp edilen şirketlerin satışına başladı”
http://aktifhaber.com/ekonomi/tmsf-hukuksuzca-gasp-edilen-sirketlerin-satisina-basladi-h127497.html

28- “Cadı avı yaşlı ve hastaları da dinlemiyor: 72 yaşındaki hastayı tutukladılar”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/cadi-avi-yasli-ve-hastalari-da-dinlemiyor-72-yasindaki-hastayi-tutukladilar-h127335.html

29- “Hukuksuzca Gasp Edilen Şirketlerin Değeri 56.5 Milyar TL”
http://aktifhaber.com/ekonomi/hukuksuzca-gasp-edilen-sirketlerin-degeri-565-milyar-lira-h127358.html

30- “Türkiye’de insan hakları ihlali olmadığından emin misiniz Leyla Hanım!”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/turkiyede-insan-haklari-ihlali-olmadigindan-emin-misiniz-leyla-hanim-h127362.html

31- “28 Şubat’tan 15 Temmuz’a başörtülü bir hemşirenin hikayesi…”
http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/28-subattan-15-temmuza-basortulu-bir-hemsirenin-hikayesi-h127387.html

32- “Cezaevinden çıkan kadınlar anlattı: ‘Cezaevinde hamile ya da çocuklu olmak rehineliğe dönüştü”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevinden-cikan-kadinlar-anlatti-cezaevinde-hamile-ya-da-cocuklu-olmak-rehinelige-donustu-h127396.html

33- “Türkiye, NBA oyuncusu Enes Kanter hakkında kırmızı bülten talebinde bulundu”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/turkiye-nba-oyuncusu-enes-kanter-hakkinda-kirmizi-bulten-talebinde-bulundu-h127402.html

34- “MİT’in adam kaçırma operasyonları dünya basınında”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/mitin-adam-kacirma-operasyonlari-dunya-basininda-h127415.html

35- “Şeker Piliç’in sahipleri tutuklandı”
http://aktifhaber.com/genel/seker-pilicin-sahipleri-tutuklandi-h127425.html

36- “Çok sayıda cezaevinde aynı anda soğukla işkence başladı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cok-sayida-cezaevinde-ayni-anda-sogukla-iskence-basladi-h127444.html

37- “Hapishanede öldürülen Halime Gülsu’nun son mektubu”
http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/hapishanede-oldurulen-halime-gulsunun-son-mektubu-h127449.html

38- “’12 yaşındaki oğlum bile sorgulandı, 25 yıl önceki programdan tutuklandım’”
http://www.shaber3.com/12-yasindaki-oglum-bile-sorgulandi-25-yil-onceki-programdan-tutuklandim-haberi/1318013/

39- “Amerikalı gazeteci: Diktatörünüz sahte bir darbe sahneledi ve kullandı”
http://aktifhaber.com/dunya/amerikali-gazeteci-diktatorunuz-sahte-bir-darbe-sahneledi-ve-kullandi-h127628.html

40- “Anneleri sordu: 5 günlük er Ahmet ve kekeme Recep mi darbeci?”
http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/anneleri-sordu-5-gunluk-er-ahmet-ve-kekeme-recep-mi-darbeci-h127289.html#

41- “Cezaevinden çıkan kadınlar anlattı: ‘Cezaevinde hamile ya da çocuklu olmak rehineliğe dönüştü”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevinden-cikan-kadinlar-anlatti-cezaevinde-hamile-ya-da-cocuklu-olmak-rehinelige-donustu-h127396.html

42- “Hasta tutuklunun durumu ağırlaşıyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/hasta-tutuklunun-durumu-agirlasiyor-h126915.html

43- “Silivri Cezaevi’nde işkence:Oğlum ziyarete gözü mor, kolunda yara izleriyle ve ayakkabısız getirildi”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/silivri-cezaevinde-iskenceoglum-ziyarete-gozu-mor-kolunda-yara-izleriyle-ve-ayakkabisiz-getirildi-h126865.html

44- “Cezaevinde kadınlara saldırı: Apar topar hastaneye kaldırdılar”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevinde-kadinlara-saldiri-apar-topar-hastaneye-kaldirdilar-h126762.html

45- “Amerikalı gazeteciden Enes Kanter’e anlamlı destek”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/amerikali-gazeteciden-enes-kantere-anlamli-destek-h127608.html

46- “Amerikalı gazeteci: Diktatörünüz sahte bir darbe sahneledi ve kullandı”
http://aktifhaber.com/dunya/amerikali-gazeteci-diktatorunuz-sahte-bir-darbe-sahneledi-ve-kullandi-h127628.html

47- “Cumartesi Anneleri: Gerçek bir yargı, gerçek bir adalet istiyoruz”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/cumartesi-anneleri-gercek-bir-yargi-gercek-bir-adalet-istiyoruz-h127597.html

48- “’Türk gazetecilerin meslektaşlarının hapsedilmesini meşru görmesi sapkınlık’”
http://aktifhaber.com/medya/turk-gazetecilerin-meslektaslarinin-hapsedilmesini-mesru-gormesi-sapkinlik-h127560.html

49- “Türkiye Gazeteciler Sendikası Genel Sekreteri: Medyaya korku iklimi hâkim!”
http://aktifhaber.com/medya/turkiye-gazeteciler-sendikasi-genel-sekreteri-medyaya-korku-iklimi-hakim-h127250.html

50- “112 gazeteciye 547 yıl hapis cezası, 3 bin 230 gazeteciye işsizlik…”
http://aktifhaber.com/medya/112-gazeteciye-547-yil-hapis-cezasi-3-bin-230-gazeteciye-issizlik-h126956.html

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly December 16

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_December 10

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations | 12/10/2018-12/16/2018

1-” Michael Flynn’s business associates charged with illegally lobbying for Turkey”
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/legal-issues/michael-flynns-business-partner-charged-with-illegally-lobbying-for-turkey/2018/12/17/46fb3762-020a-11e9-9122-82e98f91ee6f_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.3a3c9aa4499c

2-“US Denies Trump Thinking About Extraditing Gulen to Turkey”
https://www.voanews.com/a/us-denies-trump-thinking-about-extraditing-gulen-to-turkey-/4705146.html

3-“Turkey: Erdogan adviser denies journalist crackdown”
https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-europe-46568324/turkey-erdogan-adviser-denies-journalist-crackdown

4-“Turkey Not Only Jailing Writers, but Readers Too”
https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/turkey/.premium-turkey-not-only-jailing-writers-but-readers-too-1.6748138

5-” Why I’m Sick of Turkey”
https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/11/22/thanksgiving-sick-of-turkey-country-222644

6-” Watch: Thousands protest in Turkey for better living conditions”
https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/12/16/583128/Diyarbakir-Turkey-protest-living-condition

7-” Watch: Michael Flynn’s ex-partner, Bijan Rafiekian, charged with lobbying for Turkey”
https://globalnews.ca/video/4772260/michael-flynns-ex-partner-bijan-rafiekian-charged-with-lobbying-for-turkey

8-” The Secret Jewish Plot Against Turkey”
https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/.premium-the-secret-jewish-plot-against-turkey-1.6742265

9-“Kidnapped, Escaped, and Survived to Tell the Tale: How Erdogan’s Regime Tried to Make Us Disappear”
https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/turkey/.premium.MAGAZINE-how-erdogan-s-loyalists-try-to-make-us-disappear-1.6729331

10-“Turkey identifies over 92,000 ByLock users: Minister”
http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-identifies-over-92-000-bylock-users-minister-139640

11-“Facing Attack, George Soros’s Foundation Will Shut Down in Turkey”
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/26/world/europe/george-soros-open-society-turkey-closes.html

12-“Turkey’s president finds a new enemy: the famous Hungarian Jew”
https://www.economist.com/europe/2018/12/15/turkeys-president-finds-a-new-enemy-the-famous-hungarian-jew

13-“People who emulate yellow vest protests in Turkey will pay heavy price: MHP leader”
http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/people-who-emulate-yellow-vest-protests-in-turkey-will-pay-heavy-price-mhp-leader-139660

14-“Journalists face 15-year prison terms in Turkey”
https://thehill.com/policy/international/420640-journalists-face-15-year-prison-terms-in-turkey

15-“There Are No Checks and Balances in Turkey, There’s Only Erdogan, Israeli Expert Explains”
https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/turkey/.premium.MAGAZINE-there-are-no-checks-and-balances-in-turkey-there-s-only-erdogan-1.6721747

16-“The cost of seeking the truth: Why this Turkish journalist had to flee to Canada”
https://globalnews.ca/news/4769411/turkish-journalist-canada/

17-“Turkey’s Erdoğan accuses news anchor of inciting protests”
https://ahvalnews.com/turkish-journalism/turkeys-erdogan-accuses-news-anchor-inciting-protests

18-“The Turkey-Venezuela mutual admiration society”
https://www.politico.eu/article/the-turkey-venezuela-mutual-admiration-society-turkish-president-recep-tayyip-erdogan-nicolas-maduro/

19-“Turkey must free Selahattin Demirtas, European rights court says”
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-46274330

20-“Turkey arrests spark fears of widening crackdown on Erdogan’s political foes”
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/turkey-arrests-academics-activists-erdogan-crackdown-protest-gezi-park-human-rights-a8647836.html

21-“New lows for human rights in Turkey”
https://thearabweekly.com/new-lows-human-rights-turkey

22-“I’m a journalist in a Turkish jail. Why is Erdogan afraid of people like me?”
https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/im-a-journalist-in-a-turkish-jail-why-is-erdogan-afraid-of-people-like-me/2018/11/29/e48c9720-f38a-11e8-80d0-f7e1948d55f4_story.html?utm_term=.7d5ceb73ed51

23-“Will Turkey’s horrible human rights record extend to 2019?
https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2018/12/turkey-dismal-democracy-record-in-2018.html

24-“Enes Kanter slams ‘scared little rats’ as NBA leaves Erdogan critic off list of best Turkish players”
https://www.scmp.com/sport/other-sport/article/2176292/enes-kanter-slams-scared-little-rats-nba-leaves-erdogan-critic

25-“EU, Turkey face off over jailed Kurdish politician”
https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2018/11/eu-turkey-face-off-demirtas-erdogan.html

26-“Inside Erdogan’s torture chambers”
https://euobserver.com/foreign/143575

27-“Turkey Revives Ghosts of Gezi Protests as Elections Loom”
https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2018-12-17/turkey-revives-ghosts-of-gezi-protests-as-elections-loom

28-“Erdoğan Regime Behind Forced Disappearances – Investigation”
https://ahvalnews.com/coup-attempt/erdogan-regime-behind-forced-disappearances-investigation

29-“Can Dundar: Erdogan’s laughable charade as champion of the press”
https://www.greensboro.com/opinion/columns/can-dundar-erdogan-s-laughable-charade-as-champion-of-the/article_85d55484-37f4-5671-ab44-6ca2caa0cb53.html

30-“UK court rejects Turkish extradition request for media boss”
https://www.theguardian.com/law/2018/nov/28/uk-court-rejects-turkish-extradition-request-for-media-boss

31-“Prosecutors Accuse Turkey of Covert Campaign to Pressure U.S. to Hand Over Cleric”
https://www.wsj.com/articles/two-business-partners-of-former-trump-adviser-mike-flynn-indicted-11545060554

32-“Instead of human rights, life or death rights”
https://ahvalnews.com/human-rights/instead-human-rights-life-or-death-rights

33-“Ankara pledges EU reforms amid growing human rights concerns -VoA”
https://ahvalnews.com/eu/ankara-pledges-eu-reforms-amid-growing-human-rights-concerns-voa

34-“Nobody can lecture Turkey on human rights, Erdogan says”
http://infosurhoy.com/cocoon/saii/xhtml/en_GB/news/nobody-can-lecture-turkey-on-human-rights-erdogan-says/

35-“SC hands over management of Pak-Turk schools to Turkiye MAARIF foundation”
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1865982/1-sc-hands-management-pak-turk-schools-turkiye-maarif-foundation/

Türkiye tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 12/10/2018-12/16/2018

1-“Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan: Kimseyi sokağa çıkartamayacaksınız”
http://www.milliyet.com.tr/son-dakika-cumhurbaskani-siyaset-2796147/

2-“CHP’den Erdoğan’a yanıt: Sokaktan diktatörler korkar”
https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-turkiye-46584705

3-“Reuters’a konuşan Beyaz Saray yetkilisi: Trump Erdoğan’a Gülen’i iade edeceğini söylemedi”
https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-dunya-46600766

4-“Cumhurbaşkanına hakaret davalarında rekor artış”
https://www.dw.com/tr/cumhurba%C5%9Fkan%C4%B1na-hakaret-davalar%C4%B1nda-rekor-art%C4%B1%C5%9F/a-46622702

5-“Erdoğan: AİHM’nin kararları bizi bağlamaz”
https://www.dw.com/tr/erdo%C4%9Fan-aihmnin-kararlar%C4%B1-bizi-ba%C4%9Flamaz/a-46374963

6-“İnsan hakları örgütleri: Sistematik ve yaygın hak ihlalleri var”
https://tr.sputniknews.com/columnists/201812101036558019-insan-haklari-orgutleri-sistematil-yaygin-hak-ihlalleri/

7-“İnsan Hakları Haftası’nda AKP’nin hak ihlalleri raporu”
https://www.evrensel.net/haber/367955/insan-haklari-haftasinda-akpnin-hak-ihlalleri-raporu

8-“İnsan Hakları Haftasında Türkiye’nin İnsan Hakları Karnesi Nasıl?”
https://www.amerikaninsesi.com/a/insan-haklari-haftasinda-turkiyenin-insan-haklari-karnesi-nasil/4694728.html

9-“Sistematik ihlaller arttı”
http://www.yeniasya.com.tr/gundem/sistematik-ihlaller-artti_480757

10-“Cumhurbaşkanı başdanışmanı BBC’ye konuşurken zor anlar yaşadı”
http://halktv.com.tr/cumhurbaskani-basdanismani-bbcye-konusurken-zor-anlar-yasadi-351931

11-“ABD’den Gülen açıklaması: ‘Bir bakarız’ dedik”
https://www.gazeteduvar.com.tr/dunya/2018/12/18/abdden-gulen-aciklamasi-bir-bakariz-dedik/

12-“CHP insan hakları raporunu açıkladı”
http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/yerel-haberler/ankara/chp-insan-haklari-raporunu-acikladi-41046763

13-“Cezaevlerinde hak ihlalleri ciddi boyuta ulaştı”
https://www.evrensel.net/haber/368280/cezaevlerinde-hak-ihlalleri-ciddi-boyuta-ulasti

14-“Şanlıurfa’daki cezaevlerinde hak ihlalleri yaşanıyor iddiası”
http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/yerel-haberler/sanliurfa/sanliurfadaki-cezaevlerinde-hak-ihlalleri-yasa-41034436

15-“‘Elazığ Cezaevi’nde işkence ve cinsel saldırı var’”
https://www.evrensel.net/haber/338232/elazig-cezaevinde-iskence-ve-cinsel-saldiri-var

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SEND A LETTER | PURGED PUBLIC WORKERS

PURGED BEYOND RETURNS

SEND A LETTER to COUNCIL OF EUROPE, VENICE COMMISSION & MEMBER OF CABINET

“On the evening of 15 July 2016, elements within Turkey’s armed forces attempted a violent coup. The coup attempt was quickly thwarted as thousands of people took to the streets and state forces overpowered the coup plotters. Hundreds died, and thousands were injured in a night of terrible violence. The government declared a state of emergency soon afterwards on 20 July 2016 with the stated aim of countering threats to national security arising from the coup attempt. While the state of emergency was initially declared for three months, it would be renewed seven times, and its remit broadened to include combatting ‘terrorist’ organizations. The state of emergency finally ended on 18 July 2018, two years after it was first announced, having ushered in a period of tremendous upheaval in Turkish public life.

During the state of emergency, the government had the extraordinary power to issue emergency decrees with the force of law. These decrees were used to enact a wide variety of measures, affecting diverse issues from detention periods and NGO closures to snow tyre requirements. Around 130,000 public sector workers were dismissed by emergency decrees. Those dismissed include teachers, academics, doctors, police officers, media workers employed by the state broadcaster, members of the armed forces, as well as people working at all levels of local and central government. Their dismissals did not include specific evidence or details of their alleged wrongdoing. Instead, the decrees offered a generalized justification that they ‘…had links to, were part of, were connected to, or in communication with…’ proscribed groups.
The arbitrary dismissals have had a devastating impact on those who lost their jobs and their families. They did not only lose the jobs they occupied; in some cases, they were entirely cut off from access to their professions, as well as housing and healthcare benefits, leaving them and their families without livelihood opportunities.

For a long time, these dismissed public sector workers did not have any recourse against their dismissal as they had no access to ordinary administrative or legal channels in Turkey. Following considerable domestic and international pressure, the government passed an emergency decree in January 2017 setting up a ‘State of Emergency Inquiry Commission’ (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Commission’) to review decisions taken by the emergency decrees, including the appeals of purged public sector workers. Amnesty International research, which involved a review of procedures and a sample of decisions taken by this Commission and interviews with dismissed individuals and their families, reveals that the Commission – by its very design – is not set up to provide an effective remedy to the thousands of public sector workers dismissed from their jobs by emergency decrees. The combination of factors – including the lack of genuine institutional independence, lengthy review procedures, absence of necessary safeguards allowing individuals to effectively rebut allegations about their alleged illegal activity and weak evidence cited in decisions upholding dismissals – resulted in the failure of the Commission to provide a recourse against dismissals, leaving more than a hundred thousand individuals – their livelihoods on hold – without a timely and effective means of justice and reparation. The Commission does not have institutional independence from the government as its members are largely appointed by the government and may be dismissed simply by virtue of an ‘administrative investigation’ on the basis of suspicion of links to proscribed groups. Thus, the provisions for
appointments and dismissals could easily influence the decision-making process; should members fail to make decisions expected of them, the government can just as easily dispense with them.”

Purged Beyond Return Report by AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, pp. 4-5, October 2018.

SEND A LETTER AS A DISMISSED PUBLIC WORKER OR DEFENDER

The Commission of Europe invited OHAL commission to Strasbourg in November about their political decisions and the violation of rights of the dismissed 130,000 public workers. We urge the dismissed public workers or their defenders to write letters to the commission, member of the parliament, President of the Council of EU and Secretary of Venice Commission:
In order to comply with the human rights standards that they profess to uphold, Turkish authorities should reinstate all the dismissed public sector workers and, in any cases where individuals are reasonably suspected of wrongdoing or misconduct in their employment, or of a criminal offense, any decision on their dismissal should be made solely in a regular disciplinary process with full procedural safeguards.

3 SAMPLE LETTERS FOR PUBLIC WORKERS

Below are the sample letters created for a dismissed teacher, doctor and public worker. Do not forget to include your own story by changing the related parts.

You can download TEACHERS SAMPLE LETTER here…

https://silencedturkey.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Teacher_sample_letter.pdf

You can download DOCTORS SAMPLE LETTER here…

https://silencedturkey.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Doctors_sample_letter.pdf

You can download PUBLIC WORKER SAMPLE LETTER here…

https://silencedturkey.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/public_servants_Sample_letter.pdf

CONTACT INFORMATION TO SEND YOUR LETTER.

1) PRESIDENT OF EUROPEAN COUNCIL
Donald TUSK
https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/contact/general-enquiries/send-message/?IsPresident=true

2) PRESS OFFICE
press.office@consilium.europa.eu

3) PRESS CENTER
press.centre@consilium.europa.eu
Planning.Audiovisuel@consilium.europa.eu

4) SECRETARY OF VENICE COMMISSION
Thomas Markert
Thomas.markert@coe.int

4) RIAA OOMEN
Chairperson of the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy: Bureau of the Assembly
ria.oomen-ruijten@eerstekamer.nl

5) BERNARD BRUNET
Bernard Brunet is currently Head of Unit “Thematic Support, Monitoring, and Evaluation” in the
European Commission (DG Neighbourhood and Enlargement
Bernard.BRUNET@ec.europa.eu

6) JOHANNES NOACK
Member of Cabinet
johannes.noack@ec.europa.eu

7) MEMBERS OF COMMITTEE on Political Affairs and Democracy
http://www.assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/AssemblyList/AL-XML2HTML-EN.asp?lang=en&XmlID=Committee-Pol

8) TWITTER

—-VENICE COMMISSION—-
@venicecomm

—-EUROPEAN COUNCIL—-
@EUCouncil

“PURGED BEYOND RETURN” 28 pages report released by Amnesty International about the
130,000 dismissed public workers in Turkey. You can reach the report from the link;

https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/eur44/9210/2018/en/

NEED HELP?

If you need help to translate your story, AST volunteers in your local community will help you.
If you could not find an AST volunteer for the translation of your letter from Turkish to English to submit, you can send the Turkish letter to help@silencedturkey.org until November 15. We will try to do our best to translate your letter by our volunteers and empower you to submit your letter to the relevant commissions and officials in Europe

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WARNING AGAINST SENIOR TURKISH AIDE’S ABDUCTION THREATS IN US

On September 25, 2018 Erdogan’s Long Arms Aiming to Reach US Territory

Turkey Seeks to Target Erdogan Opponents on US Soil

Turkey’s long-running campaign to target and capture political opponents of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan living abroad has taken a new turn after his spokesman threatened to conduct operations in the U.S., similar to the ones which took place in Moldova, Ukraine, Kosovo, Malaysia, Gabon and a number of other countries.

Ankara’s indulgence in risky and bold operations, in clear disregard and violation of international norms, have already aroused controversy and a state of tension with its allies and the countries where such kidnappings or captures occurred. As recently as in September, the Turkish National Intelligence Organization (MIT) snatched a group of Turkish teachers critical of the Erdogan government from Moldova after collaboration with the local security agency.

Almost all incidents, without an exception, have stirred political controversy and intense partisan bickering among political parties within countries where Ankara’s long arms involved in controversial security operations to target opponents, mostly affiliated with Gulen Movement, a banned civil society group in Turkey.

Turkey’s assertive and robust push to get Gulen-linked people shows no signs of receding. And after Ibrahim Kalin, President Erdogan’s spokesman, stepped in to declare that Turkey may conduct similar operations on the U.S. soil as well, things would stumble into an uncharted territory and would inject a new layer of uncertainty into an already perilous and tense relationship between the two NATO allies.

Speaking to reporters in Ankara in late September, Kalin vowed that the Turkish government would never relent its campaign against Gulen people. “They will feel Turkey breathing down their neck,” he said.

He went on to say: “Relevant units and institutions will continue their operations in countries where Gulen Movement operates, whether in the U.S. or another country. The Turkish Republic will not let them rest.”

Turkey’s authorities describe the Gulen Movement as a terrorist organization and ascribe the blame for the abortive 2016 coup to the movement, without offering a convincing evidence.

The presence of Fethullah Gulen, the inspired leader of the movement, in the U.S. territory remains a lasting source of friction between Ankara and Washington. Turkey’s numerous attempts and endless demands for the extradition of Gulen from the U.S. have yielded no result so far today. Although Ankara sent countless boxes of documents and dossiers supposedly containing evidence to Washington, the U.S. authorities did not budge their position.

The U.S. officials say Turkey has yet to offer tangible evidence linking Gulen to the coup.

While Turkey’s relentless pursuit of Gulen people in countries with weak rule of law and corrupt governments is a well-known phenomenon, the hint from a senior aide to Erdogan about a potential attempt to snatch people linked with the movement from the U.S. soil is a first of its kind.

This evidently illustrates the zeal and ambition of the Turkish government to get their opponents from anywhere else with little regard for diplomatic ramifications. It also clearly reveals that Ankara, otherwise unanimously and collectively condemned and pressured by its Western allies, would never abate its operations to target Gulen people, even in the U.S.

Kalin’s threat comes on the heels of an ongoing dispute regarding the continuing imprisonment of a U.S. pastor in Turkey. Erdogan already unveiled his plan for a potential prisoner swap to get Gulen back to Turkey in exchange of Pastor Andrew Brunson. But his proposal was bluntly rebuffed by the U.S. officials in 2017.

Kalin’s remarks appear as no mere speculation or wishful thinking. Rather, his statement points to the existence of determination and a certain course of policy on behalf of the Turkish government to haunt Gulen sympathizers in the U.S.

In 2017, the U.S. prosecutors revealed a scheme involving Michael Flynn, former National Security Advisor of President Donald J. Trump, to spirit Gulen away from the U.S. territory. Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, former Energy Minister Berat Albayrak, Turkish envoy to the U.S. and a former CIA chief were also present during the discussion of a plan to smuggle Gulen. Flynn also lobbied on behalf of Ankara for the extradition of Gulen.

Against this backdrop, Kalin’s threatening remarks have taken a special meaning and context. The Turkish government has already expertly versed in the business of overseas operations to capture Erdogan’s opponents. The U.S. authorities should keep an eye on this possibility and would remain alarmed in the face of threats for conducting similar operations on the U.S. soil.

We write you to emphasize our great concern about such threats and urge the U.S. authorities to seek clarification from the Turkish administration over Kalin’s threatening remarks. In this respect, the State Department may summon the Turkish Ambassador to the U.S. to demand further elaboration and elucidation of Kalin’s remarks.

Separately, we request from the U.S. law enforcement agencies to pay extra attention to the situation and keep a closer eye on any suspicious moves or acts of pro-Erdogan Turks living in the U.S. with regard to the security and wellbeing of Gulen Movement sympathizers across the U.S.

Download this statement as a word document:
https://silencedturkey.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Warning-Against-Senior-Turkish-Aide’s-Abduction-Threats-in-US.docx

We request from the U.S. authorities to pay extra attention to this situation in the U.S. with regard to the security and wellbeing of Gulen Movement sympathizers across the U.S.

Download the sample letter for your local authorities as a word document:
https://silencedturkey.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Senator-Letter.docx

You can find your U.S Senator from the link below.

https://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm

You can find your U.S Representatives from the link below.

https://www.house.gov/representatives

We also request from the U.S. law enforcement agencies to pay extra attention to the situation and keep a closer eye on any suspicious moves or acts of pro-Erdogan Turks living in the U.S. with regard to the security and wellbeing of Gulen Movement sympathizers across the U.S.

Download the sample letter for your local Law Enforcement authorities as a word document:

https://silencedturkey.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/To-Law-Enforcement-Officials.docx

We urge everyone to take action. Express your views or send attached statement to following addresses:

1)Turkish Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Phone: +1 (202) 612-6700
Email: embassy.washingtondc@mfa.gov.tr
Twitter: @TurkishEmbassy
Website: http://washington.emb.mfa.gov.tr/Mission

2) United Nations Human Rights Council (UN HRC)
Phone: (+41) 22 917 9656
Email: civilsociety@ohchr.org
Twitter: @UN_HRC
Website: www.ohchr.org/hrc

3) U.S. Department of State
Phone: (202) 647-6575
Email: https://register.state.gov/contactus/contactusform
Twitter: @StateDept
Website: https://www.state.gov/

4) Mike Pence, Vice President of the United States
Phone: 202-456-6213
Email: vice.president@whitehouse.gov
Twitter: @VP

5) Senator Cory Booker
Phone: (202) 224-3224
Fax: (202) 224-8378
Email: https://www.booker.senate.gov/?p=contact
Twitter:@SenBooker

6)Human Rights Watch U.S.
Phone: +1-212-290-4700
Email: hrwpress@hrw.org
Website: https://www.hrw.org/united-states

7) Dana Tyrone Rohrabacher, House of Representatives
Phone: (202) 225-2415
Twitter: @RepRohrabacher, @DanaRohrabacher
Email: https://rohrabacher.house.gov/contact

News articles on the raid:

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/turkey-will-conduct-operations-against-erdogan-s-enemies-u-s-n912996

https://dailycaller.com/2018/09/24/erdogan-operations-america/

https://ahvalnews.com/turkey-us/turkish-presidents-spokesman-threatens-operations-against-opponents-us-soil

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1022726/turkey-news-Recep-Tayyip-Erdogan-Fethullah-Gulen-FETO-Ibrahim-Kalin-pensylvania-USA

https://www.turkishminute.com/2018/09/23/turkey-says-operations-targeting-gulen-movement-could-extend-to-us/

https://theregion.org/article/13128-turkey-threatens-to-target-dissidents-abroad-039-anytime-anywhere-039

Ibrahim Kalin’s threatening video

Ibrahim Kalin’s threatening video

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly Dec 4

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_Dec4

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations | 11/27/2017-12/4/2017

1-“Turkish Police Bar İstanbul Rally To Show Solidarity With Jailed Journalists, Lawyers”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-police-bar-istanbul-rally-show-solidarity-jailed-journalists-lawyers/

2-“Turkish Government Jails Another Journalist”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-government-jails-another-journalist/

3-“Turkish Gov’t Investigates All Members Of CHP Party Assembly Over Erdoğan’s Complaint”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-investigates-members-chp-party-assembly-erdogans-complaint/

4-“People Flock To Social Media For Zarrab’s Trial As Turkish Media Opts Auto Censorship”
https://stockholmcf.org/people-flock-social-media-zarrabs-trial-turkish-media-opts-auto-censorship/

5-“Turkish Court Sentences 82-Year-Old Türk For 10 Years Over Gülen Links, Releases Him From Prison”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-court-sentences-82-year-old-turk-10-years-gulen-links-releases-prison/

6-“Turkish Court Releases Hunger Striking Nuriye Gülmen From Prison”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-court-releases-hunger-striking-nuriye-gulmen-prison/

7-“Turkish Gov’t Confiscates Assets Of Zarrab, Close Relatives Amid His Confessions In US”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-confiscates-assets-zarrab-close-relatives-amid-bribe-confessions-us/

8-“The Door Of Alevi Family Marked With Nationalist/Islamist Phrases In İstanbul”
https://stockholmcf.org/door-alevi-family-marked-nationalist-islamist-phrases-istanbul/

9-” EU Cuts Funds For Turkey’s Membership Bid As A Solid Warning To Ankara Over Human Rights Violations”
https://stockholmcf.org/eu-cuts-funds-turkeys-membership-bid-solid-warning-ankara-human-rights-violations/

11-“Turkish Gov’t Detains Hundreds Of People, Mostly Military Officers Over Alleged Links To Gülen Movement”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-detains-hundreds-people-mostly-military-officers-alleged-links-gulen-movement/

10-“Turkish Gov’t Detains Nationalist News Portal’s Editor Over Alleged Links To Gülen Movement”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-detains-nationalist-news-portals-editor-alleged-links-gulen-movement/

12-“22-Year Jail Term Sought For Turkish Director Over Movie Showing Erdogan’s Execution”
https://stockholmcf.org/22-year-jail-term-sought-for-turkish-director-over-movie-showing-erdogans-execution/

13-“ECtHR Rejects CHP’s Application Against April 16 Presidential Referendum In Turkey”
https://stockholmcf.org/ecthr-rejects-chps-application-against-april-16-presidential-referendum/

14-“EU’s Counter-Terrorism Chief: EU Does Not Deem Gülen Movement As ‘Terror Organization’”
https://stockholmcf.org/eus-counter-terrorism-chief-eu-does-not-deem-gulen-movement-as-terror-organisation/

15-“Turkish Journalist Cuma Ulus Jailed For Retweeting ‘Journalism Is Not A Crime’”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-journalist-cuma-ulus-jailed-for-retweeting-journalism-is-not-a-crime/

16-“EUobserver: European Foundation Demands Release Of Turkish Journalist Parıldak”
https://stockholmcf.org/euobserver-european-foundation-demands-release-of-turkish-journalist-parildak/

17-“Turkish Gov’t Issues Detention Warrants For 333 Military Officers Over Alleged Links To Gülen Movement”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-issues-detention-warrants-for-333-military-officers-over-alleged-links-to-gulen-movement/

18-“Turkish Gov’t Sentences Former Deputy, HSYK Inspector, University Student In Prison Over Alleged Gülen Links”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-sentences-former-deputy-hsyk-inspector-university-student-in-prison-over-alleged-gulen-links/

19-“Another Turkish Woman Detained On Coup Charges One Day After Giving Birth”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-detains-hundreds-people-mostly-military-officers-alleged-links-gulen-movement/

20-“Turkish Author Perihan Mağden: I Feel Like A Jew In Nazi Germany”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-detains-nationalist-news-portals-editor-alleged-links-gulen-movement/

21-“Imprisoned HDP Leader Demirtaş Sues Turkish Interior Minister In Libel Case”
https://stockholmcf.org/imprisoned-hdp-leader-demirtas-sues-turkish-interior-minister-in-libel-case/

22-“Turkish Gov’t Issues Detention Warrants For 85, Including 10 Lawyers, Over Links To Gülen Movement”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-issues-detention-warrants-for-85-including-10-lawyers-over-links-to-gulen-movement/

23-“Turkish Police Suggested To Use ‘German Model’ To Identify Sympathisers Of Gülen Movement”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-police-suggested-to-use-german-model-to-identify-sympathisers-of-gulen-movement/

24-“A 57-Year-Old Prisoner With Toothache Passes Away At Turkey’s Mersin Prison”
https://stockholmcf.org/a-57-year-old-prisoner-with-toothache-passes-away-at-turkeys-mersin-prison/

25-“Report: Turkey’s MİT Abducts Turkish Businessman From Sudan”
https://stockholmcf.org/report-turkeys-mit-abducts-turkish-businessman-from-sudan/

26-“Father of three released only after wife died following heart attack”
https://turkeypurge.com/father-three-released-wife-died-following-heart-attack

27-“Main opposition lawmaker faces life in prison in retrial for espionage charges”
https://turkeypurge.com/main-opposition-lawmaker-faces-life-prison-retrial-espionage-charges

28-“Alevi home in Istanbul marked with racist slur”
https://turkeypurge.com/alevi-home-istanbul-marked-attacked-racist-slur

29-“Zarrab case in US further imperils 1 million Gülenists, family members in Turkey: AK Party deputy”
https://turkeypurge.com/zarrab-case-us-imperils-1-million-gulenists-family-members-turkey-ak-party-deputy

30-“28-year-old lawyer detained while planning to flee Turkey to Rhodes”
https://turkeypurge.com/28-year-old-lawyer-detained-planning-flee-turkey-greece

31-“Turkey’s national intel established special unit to go after Gülen supporters abroad: state-run news agency”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkeys-national-intel-established-special-unit-go-gulen-supporters-abroad-state-run-news-agency

32-“Uşak University’s former rector sentenced to 8 years in prison”
https://turkeypurge.com/usak-universitys-former-rector-sentenced-8-years-prison

33-“Erdoğan’s former speechwriter threatens Gülen movement over Zarrab case”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/28/erdogans-former-speechwriter-threatens-gulen-movement-over-zarrab-case/

34-“Elderly prisoner gets 11 days in solitary for expressing hope for release”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/28/elderly-prisoner-gets-11-days-in-solitary-for-expressing-hope-for-release/

35-“Gov’t trustee shuts down Kurdish-language audio library for disabled children”
https://turkeypurge.com/govt-trustee-shuts-kurdish-language-audio-library-disabled-children

36-“Businessmen who attempt to move assets abroad traitors: Erdogan”
https://stockholmcf.org/report-turkeys-mit-abducts-turkish-businessman-from-sudan/

37-“85 more military officers arrested on coup charges: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/85-military-officers-arrested-coup-charges-report

Türkiye tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 11/27/2017-12/4/2017

1-” Çocukları elinden alınan kadın feryat etti!”
http://aktifhaber.com/yasam/cocuklari-elinden-alinan-kadin-feryat-etti-h108413.html

2-“Reuters kareleriyle Gülmen’in tahliyesi”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/reuters-kareleriyle-gulmenin-tahliyesi-h108416.html

3-“Türkiye 2006-16 döneminde basın özgürlüğünün en çok zayıfladığı ülke oldu..”
http://aktifhaber.com/genel/turkiye-2006-16-doneminde-basin-ozgurlugunun-en-cok-zayifladigi-ulke-oldu-h108409.html

4-“Yargıtay ByLock Kullanımı için: Suçun işlenmesine somut olayın koşullarına göre kuvvetli belirti ”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/yargitay-bylock-kullanimi-icin-sucun-islenmesine-somut-olayin-kosullarina-gore-kuvvetli-belirti-h108407.html

5-“Hapishane koşullarını protesto için kendini yaktı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/hapishane-kosullarini-protesto-icin-kendini-yakti-h108313.html

6-“Silivri Cezaevinde yalnız kalmaması gereken Epilepsi hastası tek kişilik hücrede tutuluyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/silivri-cezaevinde-yalniz-kalmamasi-gereken-epilepsi-hastasi-tek-kisilik-hucrede-tutuluyor-h108236.html

7-“Gökhan Açıkkollu’nun işkenceyle öldürüldüğü kesinleşti..”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/gokhan-acikkollunun-iskenceyle-olduruldugu-kesinlesti-h108211.html

8-“AKP döneminde mahkum sayısı en az 4 kat arttı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/akp-doneminde-mahkum-sayisi-en-az-4-kat-artti-h108187.html

9-“Ve AKP 90’ları aştı: İşkence sorulamayacak konu statüsüne girdi”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/ve-akp-90lari-asti-iskence-sorulamayacak-konu-statusune-girdi-h108181.html

10-“Cezaevlerinde son 30 yılın en vahşi dönemi yaşanıyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevlerinde-son-30-yilin-en-vahsi-donemi-yasaniyor-h108180.html

11-“Tahliye oldu Tarsus Cezaevi işkencelerini anlattı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/tahliye-oldu-tarsus-cezaevi-iskencelerini-anlatti-h108110.html

12-” İşkence cezasızlık politikasıyla artırıldı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/iskence-cezasizlik-politikasiyla-artirildi-h108072.html

13-“Suçlama: Lüks sitelerde oturmak ve tutuklu ailelerine yardım etmek”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/suclama-luks-sitelerde-oturmak-ve-tutuklu-ailelerine-yardim-etmek/

14-“‘Sizi gördüğüme inanamıyorum’”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/nuriye-gulmene-tahliye-icimizdeki-mecbur-kurdunu-yitirmeyelim/

15-“‘Gurur tablosu’: İsparta’da Gülenci suçlamasıyla 397 kişi tutuklandı”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/malatyada-alevi-ailelerin-evlerine-kirmizi-isaret/

16-“Avukat Selçuk Kozağaçlı 19 gündür tecritte tutuluyor”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/avukat-selcuk-kozagacli-19-gundur-tecritte-tutuluyor/

17-“Gülen’in yeğeni Mezher Gülen hakkında 22,5 yıl hapis cezası istendi”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/gulenin-yegeni-mezher-gulen-icin-225-yil-hapis-cezasi-istendi/

18-“MİT’ten ‘büyük operasyon’: Vergi rekortmeni işadamı Sudan’dan getirildi”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/mitten-buyuk-operasyon-tutuklu-isadami-sudandan-getirildi/

19-“‘400 dilekçe verdim, tek bir tutukluyu ziyaret edemedim’”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/400-dilekce-verdim-tek-bir-tutukluyu-ziyaret-edemedim/

20-“Türkiye ceezaevlerindeki 700 bebege ve 17 bin kadina ozgurluk!”
http://www.tr724.com/turkiye-cezaevlerindeki-700-bebege-17-bin-kadina-ozgurluk/

21-“Anne Nesrin Oğuz bebeğiyle gözaltına alındı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/anne-nesrin-oguz-bebegiyle-gozaltina-alindi-h108456.html

22-“Beraat ettiysem suçsuzum işime iade edin”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/erdogana-osman-kavalayi-serbest-birakin-cagrisi/

23-“’TSK’ya operasyonda 85 tutuklama”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/tskya-operasyonda-85-tutuklama-h108431.html

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25-“‘Varlıklarını yurt dışına kaçıran işadamlarına asla izin vermeyin’
http://www.kronos.news/tr/erdogan-bazi-isadamlari-varliklarini-yurt-disina-kaciriyor/

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Comparative Analysis of Different Countries’ Approaches towards Turkish Asylum Seekers Linked to the Gulen Movement

Summary

 Turkish government has been targeting dissidents from various ideologies recently. One of these opposition groups, the Gulen Movement, has been the main target since 2013. The supporters of the Movement have been dealing with different strict measures perpetrated directly by the state authorities such as arrest, imprisonment, torture, inhuman and degrading treatment, denial of fair trial, confiscation, passport cancellations and labeling. The actions of the government produced a new group of people who seek asylum in many countries around the world. These asylum seekers have been receiving affirmative responses in many countries, four of which will be explored in this study. This paper will examine the perceptions of four countries, namely the Kingdom of Norway, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States, towards asylum applications coming from Turkish applicants with links (or alleged links) to the Gulen Movement.

The aim of this policy is to shed light on the current situation of Turkish asylum seekers who have fled from human rights violations and different types of persecution perpetrated by the Turkish government. In addition, this analysis aims to provide more information and guidance for decision makers to understand why the Gulen Movement’s supporters are applying for asylum and seek protection.

Introduction

Before going into details about refugee status and states’ approaches towards the Gulen Movement’s supporters, it is important to look at the level of human rights recognition and protection within these states. There are many reports regarding human rights and fundamental freedoms around the world, but this paper will briefly mention the data from the latest Freedom in the World 2017 report[1] prepared by the Freedom House[2] as it is one of the most reliable and recent ones.

Freedom House prepares the Freedom in the World report each year which awards countries aggregate scores from 0 to 100 (0 is the least free whereas 100 freest), and also ratings for political rights and civil liberties from 1 to 7 (7 is the least free whereas 1 freest). All the countries mentioned in this study got good scores in these categories. Accordingly, all countries awarded 1, indicating the best results, both for political rights and civil liberties putting them into the category of ‘free’ countries. Norway’s aggregate score – together with Finland and Sweden – is 100. Close to Norway, Canada has got 99 aggregate score ranked right after Finland, Norway and Sweden, and the UK’s score is 95. Lastly, even though a bit lower than the others, the US has got 89 in aggregate score which is a very good score compared to the world.

Regarding the situation of refugees, it must be recalled that three of these states, Norway, Canada and the UK, are parties to the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees[3] (known as the “1951 Refugee Convention”). Norway and Canada incorporated the Convention directly into their national legislation, whereas the UK only refers to it in relevant acts. The US is only party to the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees,[4] even so, it means the country undertook most of the obligations in the Convention itself.

Below, each country’s approach towards the Gulen Movement will be examined individually, and then an overall evaluation will be made in the light of information provided.

1. Kingdom of Norway

As is known, Norway is one of the best countries around the world in terms of human rights recognition and implementation. The Kingdom of Norway is known to be one of the strictest countries in Europe in terms of refugee policies,[5] and moreover, the country has tightened its asylum rules this year to strengthen its borders.[6] Yet, the country provides a good level of protection to the refugees who are within its borders. The Act of 15 May 2008 on the Entry of Foreign Nationals into the Kingdom of Norway and Their Stay in the Realm (known as the “Immigration Act”) regulates the conditions for asylum seekers to be recognized as refugees in its Section 28.[7] Quite similar to the 1951 Refugee Convention, Section 28 defines the foreign national who “has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of ethnicity, origin, skin colour, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or for reasons of political opinion, and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of his or her country of origin” as a refugee. The provision which includes families of the refugees to the scope, however, is not unconditional that the Immigration Act §28 excludes foreigners who can obtain effective protection in other parts of their home countries. Section 29 clarifies the circumstances in which acts can be accepted as persecution under the Immigration Act. Accordingly, severe violations of basic human rights especially those violate non-derogable rights in the European Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “ECHR”) are considered as persecution.[8] Forms of persecution stated in the Norwegian Act vary from mental and/or physical violence to any type of disproportionate and/or discriminatory measures. Lastly, Section 30 elaborates the concepts of religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group and political opinion as persecution grounds.

Following the worrying series of events since 2013 in Turkey, especially after the so-called attempted coup, Turkish people having alleged links with the Gulen Movement have started to apply for asylum in different countries including Norway. The country has examined many cases coming from applicants with alike backgrounds and the number is expected to increase because of the worsening situation in Turkey. For this reason, on October 12, 2017 the Ministry of Justice and Public Security has published instructions aiming to provide guidelines regarding the cases of Movement’s supporters.[9] The instructions start with a background information that acts of the Turkish government have created a new group of asylum seekers who, if they return to their home country of Turkey, might face risks of “arrest, imprisonment, torture and conviction.”[10] The Ministry also emphasizes that the majority of the applicants are well-educated people having professional relations with the Gulen schools and colleges who could provide both identifying and other documents proving their links with the Movement. Taking into account these, the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration proposed as regards the applicants with strong indications of involvement with the Movement to be entitled protection under the Immigration Act §28. It must also be noted that as the Turkish government controls the whole territory, it is not possible for applicants to be displaced internally. Yet, these instructions do not mean to exclude a concrete and individual assessment to be made in each case considering present situation in Turkey.

The instructions by the Ministry are clearly defined which can be summarized as such:

Firstly, the Ministry requires that each case will be subject to concrete and individual assessment based on every applicant’s specific profile and possible reactions they may face in case of return. It stresses that having links (or alleged links) with the Movement merely is not sufficient to be protected under the Immigration Act §28.

Secondly, while examining the application, up-to-date information about the possible acts of the Turkish government must be considered, for which the Directorate is tasked to monitor the developments in Turkey closely.

Thirdly, the applicants are under obligation to prove their identities as well as links with the Gulen Movement themselves as much as possible.

Fourthly, the Ministry recalls the exclusion provision in Section §31 which regulates that if a person committed one of the mentioned crimes, s/he will not be entitled to protection. This is aimed at individuals who cited “fear of future criminal prosecution” because they have committed or acted as accessories to the criminal acts committed during the attempted coup. Even if the conditions to be accepted as refugees under Section §28 are met, there might still be a possibility of exclusion as per Section §31.

Fifthly, being dismissed is “not alone sufficient to warrant the designation persecution.” For an act to be considered as persecution under the Norwegian Act, requirements in Section 29 must be met which requires severe human rights violations to be perpetrated.

Sixthly and lastly, the Directorate must take into account the fundamental national interests and foreign policy concerns of Norway while assessing the applications.

Norway’s instructions prove the country’s affirmative approach towards asylum seekers connected to the Gulen Movement.

2. Canada

Canada has also been one of the exemplary countries ensuring human rights and fundamental freedoms within its jurisdiction. As Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has remarked on several occasions, the country is also very welcoming towards refugees. Following President Donald Trump’s executive order on immigration, Trudeau wrote on social media that “To those fleeing persecution, terror & war, Canadians will welcome you, regardless of your faith. Diversity is our strength #WelcomeToCanada,” which is only one of his many inclusive statements.[11]

Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (hereinafter “IRPA”) stipulates similar definitions and conditions with the Norway’s Act.[12] Canadian Act was adopted with many objectives in asylum seekers’ favor, one of which is to “offer safe haven to persons with a well-founded fear of persecution.”[13] The Act also aims to provide fair and efficient procedures regarding the applications as well as to support refugees both socially and economically.[14] According to relevant definitions in the Act a refugee is “a person who, by reason of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion, (a) is outside each of their countries of nationality and is unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to avail themself of the protection of each of those countries.”[15] Such a person cannot be returned back to her or his home country unless constituting a danger to public in Canada meaning that criminals will not fall under the scope.[16]

This general information of Canadian approach towards refugees must be considered together with the attitude towards Turkish nationals linked with the Gulen Movement. Research Directorate of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada responded to information requests regarding the Movement on September 29, 2016.[17] The Response includes brief background information stating that the Gulen Movement “espouses a philosophy that blends a mystical form of Islam with democracy,” and that it started as a religious but then converted into a transnational civil society movement. Main objective of the Movement is to “attain God’s good pleasure based on the conviction that ‘service to humanity is service to God.’” For instance, aiming this objective, the Movement has been supporting students who are in need without expecting any thing in return. Whereas the Movement was seen as an ally of the Turkish government especially by leftists, after corruption investigations against the ruling party President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (then-Prime Minister) declared the group as a terrorist organization and since then they have been blamed for everything going wrong in the country just like a scapegoat. The Directorate tries to clarify the structure of the Movement and highlights that there is “no formal structure.” The Response mentions different fields of the Movement’s activities as well, for example, Gulenist institutions are active in education, business and health. Furthermore, the Directorate notes that the participation in these activities are only voluntary and that there is no monetary or other ‘worldly’ incentives.

The Response also adds information as regards the government’s treatment against everyone who has links (or alleged links) with the Movement. It is specified that especially after the attempted coup the government shut down all the institutions that are perceived to be Gulenist (such as schools, colleges, media outlets, hospitals, associations and a bank). In addition, civil servants including judges, military personnel and police officers were dismissed and labeled as terrorists because of their alleged involvement in the so-called attempted coup. However, the Directorate refers to the statements by the US Secretary of State that there needs to be “legitimate evidence that withstands scrutiny” regarding the the Movement’s involvement in the attempted coup and extradition of Mr. Fethulah Gulen, who has been living in self-exile in the US for a long time. It must again be recalled that the Movement strongly denies any involvement and has been asking for an international investigation.[18]

The Directorate touches on reports by non-governmental organizations on the present situation in Turkey as well. For instance, according to the Turkey Analyst, the government declared state of emergency continuingly after the attempted coup to “cleanse Turkey of Gulen supporters.”[19] According to the Human Rights Watch, state of emergency allows the government to rule the country by decree laws with only minimum parliamentary and none judicial oversight. The Human Right Watch also notes that the extent of the measures “goes far beyond” that people who are not involved in the coup attempt but only have perceived links with the Movement have started to be the targets.[20] Thousands of people from different occupations were jailed regardless of any individual assessment. Lastly, Amnesty International’s reports are also alluded in the Response. Pursuant to that, Amnesty points out the situation of detainees who was taken after the attempted coup and were “‘being held arbitrarily’ with ‘no evidence establishing reasonable suspicion of criminal activity.’” Moreover, during the questionings suspects were asked questions irrelevant to the coup attempt trying to reveal if they have any sympathy towards Mr. Gulen.[21] Amnesty also notes that torture, inhuman and degrading treatment including rape took place in the country’s both official and unofficial detention centers.

The Directorate also draws attention to the fact that requests to extradite people were also made to the Canadian authorities regarding the Movement’s supporters in Canada. However, authorities asked for real evidences rather than mere accusations and allegations to take these requests into consideration.[22] The Response refers to the Turkish institutions supporting the Movement active in Canada as well who aim to “advance social cohesion via (through) personal interaction by promoting respect and mutual understanding among people of all cultures and faiths through dialogue and partnership.”[23] Therefore, when it comes to the Turkish refugees and asylum seekers, Canada has been a safe and stable country which will be clarified more below.

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada has examined many cases from Turkish applicants with Gulenist links. According to the latest statistics by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, the Refugee Protection Division has received 1665 applications in 2017 (till September), 895 of which have been accepted so far whereas only 121 were rejected, most of the rest are pending and expected to result positively.[24] The number of received applications in 2016 was 1103, 398 accepted 67 rejected rest is pending.[25] Applications in 2017 as of September quintupled the number in 2015 (which was 295 in total, 104 accepted and 51 rejected)[26] and the number is expected to grow as the time goes. Lorne Waldman, an immigration lawyer from Toronto who has handled almost 20 relevant cases, stated that “Not one has been refused” and added “The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada takes it as a given that Turks affiliated with Gulen will be at risk if they return to Turkey.”[27]

3. United Kingdom

 Even though the UK’s remarkable respect for human rights, the country does not seem to be very welcoming towards refugees that the asylum system is very complex and tough according to experts.[28] The Immigration Act 1971 still governs the process with subsequent amendments in several years. Though the 1951 Refugee Convention has not been directly incorporated into the national legislation – unlike the ECHR, the laws order that any application against the 1951 Refugee Convention are not allowed.[29] Therefore, definitions and concepts in the Convention are valid for the British government. Accordingly, definition of a refugee is a person who “owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.”[30]

The UK is not silent about the recent problems occurring in Turkey as well. Home Office prepared an extensive report on the Gulen Movement in April 2017 which elaborates the present situation in Turkey regarding the government’s actions against the supporters.[31] The Movement, who promotes a tolerant Islam which emphasizes altruism, modesty, hard work and education according to BBC,[32] has been in the target board for a long time and has been dealing with various strict measures such as arrest, arbitrary detention, dismissal, asset seizure, passport cancellation, closures of Gulenist institutions as well as labeling all the members and sympathizers as terrorists.[33] Moreover, the government has been violating basic human rights including non-derogable ones that even torture and inhuman and degrading treatment took place in detention centers especially after the coup attempt.[34]

Risks Gulenists may face in their home country and severity of the situation are illustrated very well in the report with reference to different international and non-governmental organizations, human rights experts and news agencies. Home Office classifies the situation of Turkish asylum seekers as amounting to “persecution on the grounds of political opinion” since the measures are taken simply because of having some (or alleged) links with the Movement without considering if the person was really involved in the coup or other illegal activities.[35] The possibilities of discriminatory and disproportionate punishment as well as denial of fair trial are asked to be considered by decision makers.[36] The report also highlights that internal relocation is not possible for Gulenists, because the actions are taken directly by the state institutions all over the country.[37] Lastly, even if an asylum claim is rejected “it is unlikely to be certifiable as ‘clearly unfounded’”[38] under the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002[39] meaning that a possibility to appeal the refusal decision will be on the table.

In the light of information provided in the report, it can be concluded that asylum claims of the Gulen supporters are likely to be accepted by the UK. It is noteworthy that the report reminds decisions makers of exclusion clauses as well meaning that if an asylum seeker has been involved in any crime especially the attempted coup itself, it will not be contrary to the 1951 Refugee Convention to refuse the application. Last but not least it is crucial to realize it is the applicant’s responsibility to prove what would s/he face (and whether it amounts to persecution due to political opinion) in case of return.[40]

4.   United States

The US has been one of the countries who receives refugees in quite high numbers. Primary legislation regulating the status of refugees is the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965.[41] After an amendment in 1980, the Act includes a similar definition of a refugee with the 1951 Refugee Convention. Section 101(a)42(A) of this Act defines a refugee as “any person who is outside any country of such person’s nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, is outside any country in which such person last habitually resided, and who is unable or unwilling to return to, and is unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of, that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

After the coup attempt in July 2016, just as previous countries, the US has received many asylum applications from Turkish nationals who have some connections with the Gulen Movement. The US’ position towards the issue is significant in a sense that Mr. Fethullah Gulen himself has been living in self-exile in the US since 1999. Turkish government requested his extradition to Turkey, and even though Turkish officials have been criticizing the US loudly for protecting him, the US Justice Department has not been provided sufficiently enough evidence for them to act upon.[42]

US Department of State’s annual report on human rights practices around the world explained in detail the human rights condition in Turkey.[43] The government has been violating human rights and fundamental freedoms within its borders on a large scale. Decree laws have dismissed tens of thousands of people from their jobs through long lists. Most of these people and many others have been accused of being terrorists “in many cases with little clarity on the charges and evidence against them.”[44] The report reiterates that the great majority of imprisoned people were people who have some links with or sympathy towards the Movement, whereas as criminal law requires it should have been considered whether they have participated to the coup activities.[45] Even though there is no formal number of political prisoners, experts suggest that many people (especially journalists) arrested after the attempted coup could be considered as such.[46] Detainees are taken under terror-related laws which are broadly defined and even more their rights within jails are not respected as well.[47]

There were even cases where police arrested family members of people who were not at home when the police came aiming intimidation.[48] In addition, even though it was legal to publish and possess books supporting the Gulen Movement and that those books were publicly available by certified publishers, right after the coup attempt police officers started seeing books as a “credible evidence of membership in a banned organization.”[49]

Considering all these it is no surprise that the Movement’s supporters have applied for asylum in the US as well. Though the US’ asylum procedure is quite long and that many applicants still wait to be heard before a judge, there have been cases where the applicant was heard and granted asylum. For instance, an immigration court in New Jersey decided to grant asylum to the applicant after the respondent illustrated in detail why and how would he be at risk if he returns to Turkey.[50] The judge specified the respondent’s testimony credible since he presented his story in great detail without any contradiction. The court was satisfied that the respondent’s case constituted “well-founded fear of future persecution on account of imputed political opinion.” Here, the court made a comparison with individuals “similarly situated to him” and concluded that the respondent’s fear is ‘objectively reasonable’. Finally, the court used its discretionary power in his favor because he has no records of criminal activities. This decision is one of the very first affirmative decisions by US courts regarding Gulen-related cases and number of such decisions is expected to rise as the applicants start to stand before the judge.

5. Overall Evaluation and Conclusion

Considering all the information above, it can be said that all four countries affirm the strict measures taken against the supporters of the Gulen Movement. These measures constitute clear violations of different human rights provisions that are internationally accepted. Striking points from the above-mentioned documents can be read as follows:

  1. Severe actions of the government are clearly targeting the supporters of the Movement. Thus, there is a high risk of persecution when these asylum seekers return to their home country of Turkey. The government’s actions so far amount to persecution based on one’s political opinion which is supporting the Gulen Movement (or at least not being against it explicitly). This is especially because the government does not care about whether a person has taken any role within the coup attempt or not, but only examines individuals’ contacts with the Movement.
  2. These people are seen as non-violent individuals who have not committed any crime throughout their lives. Looking at their ideology which is promoting moderate Islam together with values such as dialogue, tolerance, peace, democracy and human rights, there needs to be really strong and persuasive evidence than mere allegations to accuse them of being terrorists which could not have been found by the government despite all the efforts.
  3. The Gulen Movement promotes education for a long time since its establishment that it founded many schools and colleges both in Turkey and abroad as well as helped students in need to fund themselves. Therefore, it is no surprise that most of its members (especially the new generations) are well-educated. It can be said that these people might change the perception towards ‘refugees’ who are traditionally seen as uneducated. It can even be said that they will become assets in countries they seek asylum.

6.  Recommendations

Having in regard all these, as the Advocates of Silenced Turkey, we recommend decision makers and authorities who receive applications from Turkish asylum seekers to take into account the severity of the situation and the possible acts of the Turkish government when they return, which are explained above. Current situation in Turkey is quite worrying that many people have been trying to escape leaving everything behind, and thus asylum would be their only option to live freely in a safe country. We are urging any government concerned with human rights and fundamental freedoms to consider the significance of the asylum claims for those people as well as their families and lives.

[1] Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2017, 15 April 2017, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/58ff3e19f.html [accessed 29 November 2017]

[2] Freedom House is a US based independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom and democracy around the world.

[3] UN General Assembly, Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 28 July 1951, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, p. 137, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3be01b964.html [accessed 29 November 2017]

[4] UN General Assembly, Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, 31 January 1967, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 606, p. 267, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3ae4.html [accessed 29 November 2017]

[5] Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 2016/17 – Norway, 22 February 2017, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/58b033c84.html [accessed 29 November 2017]

[6] “Tightening of Norway’s asylum rules.” Government.no, 11 Jan. 2017, www.regjeringen.no/en/topics/immigration/asylum-regulations-in-norway/insight/tightening-of-norways-asylum-rules/id2465829/.

[7] Norway: Act of 15 May 2008 on the Entry of Foreign Nationals into the Kingdom of Norway and their Stay in the Realm (Immigration Act) [Norway], 15 May 2008, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/507522792.html [accessed 29 November 2017]

[8] Article 15 of the ECHR enables states to derogate from their obligations under the ECHR, however, Article 15 (2) specifies non-derogable rights as follows: “No derogation from Article 2 [right to life], except in respect of deaths resulting from lawful acts of war, or from Articles 3 [prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment], 4 (paragraph 1) [prohibition of slavery and servitude] and 7 [no punishment without law] shall be made under this provision.”

[9] Norway: GI-15/2017 Instructions on the practising of the Immigration Act, section 28 [Residence permit for foreign nationals in need of protection (asylum)] – Asylum seekers who cite the risk of persecution due to (alleged) links to the Gülen network, 12 Oct. 2017, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/gi-152017–instruks-om-praktisering-av-utlendingsloven–28–asylsokere-som-anforer-risiko-for-forfolgelse-pa-grunn-av-tillagt-tilknytning-til-gulen-nettverket/id2575439/?q=gi-15/2017

[10] Ibid.

[11] Austen, Ian. “In Canada, Justin Trudeau Says Refugees Are Welcome.” The New York Times, 28 Jan. 2017, www.nytimes.com/2017/01/28/world/canada/justin-trudeau-trump-refugee-ban.html.

[12] Canada: Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) [Canada], SC 2001, c. 27, 1 November 2001, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4f0dc8f12.html [accessed 29 November 2017]

[13] IRPA, Cl. 3 (2) (d).

[14] IRPA, Cls. 3 (2) (e) & (f).

[15] IRPA, Cl. 96.

[16] IRPA, Cls. 115 (1) & (2).

[17] Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Turkey: The Fethullah Gulen Movement, including structure, areas of operation and activities; procedures for becoming a member; roles and responsibilities of membership; treatment of supporters; the Gulen Movement in Canada, including connections with organisations in Turkey and ability to confirm an individual’s involvement with the Gulen Movement in Turkey (2014-September 2016), 29 September 2016, TUR105626.E, available at: http://irb-cisr.gc.ca/Eng/ResRec/RirRdi/Pages/index.aspx?doc=456718 [accessed 27 November 2017]

[18] Sanchez, Ray. “Gulen discusses failed Turkey coup on ‘GPS’.” CNN, 31 July 2016, www.cnn.com/2016/07/31/world/fethullah-gulen-turkey-fareed-zakaria-gps/index.html.

[19] Responses to Information Requests, s. 5.

[20] Ibid.

[21] Ibid.

[22] Ibid., s. 6.

[23] Ibid.

[24] “Refugee Protection Claims (New System) by Country of Alleged Persecution – 2017.” Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 22 Nov. 2017, www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/Eng/RefClaDem/stats/Pages/RPDStat2017.aspx.

[25] “Refugee Protection Claims (New System) by Country of Alleged Persecution – 2016.” Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 3 Aug. 2017, www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/Eng/RefClaDem/stats/Pages/RPDStat2016.aspx.

[26] “Refugee Protection Claims (New System) by Country of Alleged Persecution – 2015.” Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 3 Aug. 2017, www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/Eng/RefClaDem/stats/Pages/RPDStat2015.aspx.

[27] Martin, Patrick. “Turkey’s Gulen crackdown hits Canada.” The Globe and Mail, 24 Mar. 2017, www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/turkeys-gulen-crackdown-hits-canada/article32191633/.

[28] “The UK Asylum System – Truth About Asylum.” Refugee Council, www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/policy_research/the_truth_about_asylum/facts_about_asylum_-_page_5 [accessed 29 November 2017].

[29] “Refugee Law and Policy: United Kingdom.” Library of Congress, 21 June 2016, www.loc.gov/law/help/refugee-law/unitedkingdom.php [accessed 29 November 2017].

[30] 1951 Refugee Convention, Article 1A (2).

[31] United Kingdom: Home Office, Country Policy and Information Note – Turkey: Gülenism, April 2017, v 1.0, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/58e798354.html [accessed 28 November 2017].

[32] Ibid., para. 4.1.1.

[33] Ibid., paras. 4.3, 5.3, 5.4.

[34] Ibid., para. 5.3.

[35] Ibid., paras. 2.2.15, 3.1.4.

[36] Ibid., para. 3.1.6.

[37] Ibid., para. 2.4.

[38] Ibid., para. 2.5.

[39] United Kingdom: Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 [United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland], 2002 Chapter 41, 7 November 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3de74e744.html [accessed 29 November 2017].

[40] Country Policy and Information Note – Turkey: Gülenism, paras. 2.2.14, 3.1.6.

[41] United States: Immigration and Nationality Act (last amended March 2004) [United States of America], 27 June 1952, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be4fe.html [accessed 29 November 2017].

[42] Spetalnick, Matt, and Julia Harte. “Cleric Gulen says he would not flee U.S. to avoid extradition to Turkey.” Reuters, 12 July 2017, www.reuters.com/article/us-turkey-security-gulen-usa/cleric-gulen-says-he-would-not-flee-u-s-to-avoid-extradition-to-turkey-idUSKBN19W2VQ.

[43] United States Department of State, 2016 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – Turkey, 3 March 2017, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/58ec89b3a.html [accessed 30 November 2017].

[44] Ibid., p. 1.

[45] Ibid., p. 9.

[46] Ibid., p. 17.

[47] Ibid., p. 18.

[48] Ibid., p. 20.

[49] Ibid., p. 29.

[50] Matter of S.B., United States Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), 7 November 2016.

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Erdogan’s Government Established Political Control over Turkish Judiciary and Selective Application of Law

ERDOGAN’S GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHED POLITICAL CONTROL OVER TURKISH JUDICIARY AND SELECTIVE APPLICATION OF LAW

Following the attempted coup, very extensive suspensions, dismissals and arrests took place in Turkey. There are numerus reports of extremely serious human rights violations, including alleged widespread ill-treatment and torture of detainees.


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