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SRW TÜRKİYE’DE 2016-2020 YILLARI ARASI AKADEMİK BAŞARI DEĞİŞİM RAPORU

Bu çalışma, 2016 darbe teşebbüsü ile başlayan olağanüstü hâl yönetimi ve KHK’ların Türkiye’deki üniversitelerin başarı değişimini analiz etmeyi amaçlamaktadır.

Türkiye’de 15 Temmuz 2016’da meydana gelen sözde darbe teşebbüsünden sonra çıkan 11 KHK ile toplamda 6,070 akademisyenin 122 devlet kurumundaki işlerine son verildi [1]. Ayrıca 15 vakıf üniversitesinin de tamamen kapatılması ile 2,808 akademisyen daha bu sayıya eklendi [2] ve resmi rakamlara göre; toplamda 8,878 akademisyenin görevlerine son verildi. Türkiye’deki akademisyen sayısı 15 Temmuz öncesi 64,488 olarak görülmektedir ve eğitim sisteminde bir akademisyenin yetişmesi için lisans ve lisansüstü çalışmalar göz önüne alındığında ortalama 12 yıl gibi bir zaman ve emek harcanması gerekmektedir. OECD raporlarına göre ise bir insanın ilköğretimden başlayarak akademisyen olana kadarki harcama miktarı ise ortalama olarak 124,448 Amerikan doları seviyesindedir [3].

Universite Atilan Toplam Akademisyen Sayisi Toplam Akademisyen Sayisi Atilan Oran(%)
Abant Izzet Baysal 78 1333 5.9
Adiyaman 67 862 7.8
Adnan Menderes 54 1726 3.1
Afyon Kocatepe 93 1360 6.8
Akdeniz 115 2492 4.6
Anadolu 68 2188 3.1
Ankara 133 3732 3.6
Atatürk 152 2703 5.6
Balikesir 67 1032 6.5
Bülent Ecevit 71 1287 5.5
Çanakkale 18 Mart 205 1653 12.4
Celal Bayar 140 1651 8.5
Cumhuriyet 56 1858 3
Dicle 172 1935 8.9
Dokuz Eylül 46 3381 1.4
Dumlupınar 168 1239 13.6
Ege 45 3175 1.4
Erciyes 145 2398 6
Erzincan 54 916 5.9
Eskişehir Osmangazi 46 1542 3
Fırat 47 1741 2.7
Gazi 233 3982 5.9
Gaziantep 128 1644 7.8
Gaziosmanpaşa 59 1286 4.6
Gebze Teknik 19 154 12.3
Hacettepe 74 3720 2
Harran 68 1012 6.7
İnönü 58 1672 3.5
İstanbul 192 5445 3.5
İstanbul Teknik 32 2211 1.4
Kafkas 30 890 3.4
Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam 126 1305 9.7
Karabük 50 995 5
Karadeniz Teknik 44 2528 1.7
Kırıkkkale 74 1226 6
Kocaeli 57 2098 2.7
Marmara 102 3201 3.2
Mersin 33 1630 2
Muğla Sıtkı Koçman 38 1523 2.5
Mustafa Kemal 105 1060 9.9
Niüde Ömer Halisdemir 36 891 4
Ondokuz Mayıs 123 2347 5.2
Pamukkale 181 1995 9.1
Sakarya 97 2010 4.8
Selçuk 126 2732 4.6
Süleyman Demirel 271 2303 11.8
Trakya 29 1701 1.7
Uludağ 38 2474 1.5
Yıldız Teknik 114 1754 6.5
Yüzüncü Yıl 73 1705 4.3

Son olarak, sıralamadaki değişimin ihraç oranına bölünmesi ile oluşturulan kişisel başarı endeksi (atılanların akademik başarıya katkı endeksi) hesaplanmıştır. Buradaki amaç, ihraç edilen insanların üniversitelerin başarısına olan etkisini hesaplamaktır. Listenin en başında olan ve de en çok dikkat çeken Ege Üniversitesi’dir. Ege Üniversite’sinde toplam ihraç edilen akademisyen sayısı 45 ve oranı %1.4 olmasına rağmen, bu üniversitenin dünya çapındaki sıralaması 674’ten 913’e gerilemiştir ki, bu da akademik başarının %35 oranında düştüğünü göstermektedir. Ege Üniversitesi’nin söz konusu endeksi 25.33 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Benzer şekilde listenin üçüncü sırasında, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi’nde toplam ihraç edilen akademisyen sayısı 32 ve oran %1.4 olmasına rağmen bu üniversitenin dünya çapındaki sıralaması ise %19 civarında düşüş göstermiş, endeksi 13.76 olmuştur. Bu endeksin en yüksek olduğu üniversiteler Şekil 4’te verilmiştir.

Daha fazla bilgiye sayfanın üstünde yer alan PDF Link’ine tıklayarak ulaşabilirsiniz….

References

  1. Kural, B., Adal, H. (2018, July). Haber Listesi : Akademide İhraçlar 6 Bin 81’e Yükseldi.
    Retrieved from: http://bianet.org/bianet/ifade-ozgurlugu/198990-akademide-ihraclar-6-bin-81-e-yukseldi
  2. Kural, B., (2016, August). Haber Listesi : Sayılarla Kapatılan Üniversiteler.
    Retrieved from: https://m.bianet.org/bianet/egitim/177442-sayilarla-kapatilan-universiteler
  3. University Ranking by Academic Performance.(n.d.)
    Retrieved from: http://tr.urapcenter.org/2019/index.php
  4. Country Note, (2014). Turkey–Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators.
    Retrieved from: https://www.oecd.org/education/Turkey-EAG2014-Country-Note.pdf
  5. Yuksek Ogretim Bilgi Yonetim Sistemi, (n.d.).
    Retrieved from: https://istatistik.yok.gov.tr/
  6. http://www.webometrics.info/en

 


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GRAVE DECLINE IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT BETWEEN 2016-2020 IN TURKEY

This study aims to analyze the impacts of the state of emergency declared after the 2016 coup attempt in Turkey on the academic achievements of the universities.

After the coup attempt on July 15th of 2016 in Turkey, a total of 6,070 academics have been dismissed from 122 state institutions following 11 issued emergency decrees (KHK)[1]. 2,808 academics have been added to this list with the closure of 15 private universities [2]. In total,  8,878 academics have been dismissed from their jobs, corresponding to nearly 15 percent of the number of academics in Turkey. The academics who voluntarily left the country are not included in this number.

Considering graduate and undergraduate studies, an average of 12 years should be spent on being an academic. According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the average amount of expenditure of a person starting from primary education until becoming an academic is approximately 124.448 USD [3]. This means Turkey’s financial loss to be roughly around 1.1 billion USD.

In this study, the impacts on the worldwide success ranking of the universities after the cruelty that occurred in public universities in Turkey are examined. The top 50 universities of Turkey are also amongst the 122 universities from where the academics were dismissed. The total number of dismissed academics from the 50 universities is 4,632. Table 1 and Figure 1 detail the number of dismissed academics on a university basis. Dumlupınar University ranks highest on that list, with its 13.6% of academics having been dismissed by emergency decrees. On average, one in every 7 scientists was dismissed. Figure 2 shows that 20 universities have the highest rate in this regard.

Observing the rate of change in academic ranking on a university basis reveals that the success rankings of these institutions decreased by an average of 18%, despite 5% dismissal rate at the top 50 universities [4]. This is an important indicator showing the contribution of the dismissed academics to the scientific achievements in Turkey. Another issue to consider is that instead of dismissed academics, new academics were recruited between 2016 and 2019, thereby increasing the total number of academics by around 7% [5]. Despite the new recruitments, academic setbacks at such a high level are very thought-provoking. The universities which had significant changes in the academic ranking are identified in Figure 3. Celal Bayar University ranks highest on that list, attracting large attention. It ranked 2,207 in the world university rankings before July 2016; however, its ranking dropped to 4,755 in December of 2019, a dramatic change by 109%. Celal Bayar University is followed by Bülent Ecevit University with a 70% drop rate. Noticeably, 42 of the 50 universities experienced a decrease in the world rankings, whereas only  8 universities’ rankings remained the same.

In conclusion, the personal success index (contribution index of the dismissed to academic success), which is formed by dividing the change in the ranking by the rate of dismissing, was calculated. The aim was to calculate the impact of dismissed academics on the success of universities. At this point, the most notable one is Ege University which is ranked highest on that list. Although the total number of dismissed academics at Ege University was 45 and its rate is 1.4%, the global ranking of this university has decreased from 674 to 913, which indicates that academic success has decreased by 35%. The index of this university was calculated at 25.33. Similarly, in the third place of the list, although the total number of dismissed academics at Istanbul Technical University was 32 and the rate was 1.4%, the world ranking of this university decreased by 19% and its index was 13,76. The universities that have the highest index are stated in Figure 4.

University Number of
dismissed academics
Total number
of academics
Rate of dismissed
academics (%)
Abant Izzet Baysal 78 1333 5.9
Adiyaman 67 862 7.8
Adnan Menderes 54 1726 3.1
Afyon Kocatepe 93 1360 6.8
Akdeniz 115 2492 4.6
Anadolu 68 2188 3.1
Ankara 133 3732 3.6
Atatürk 152 2703 5.6
Balikesir 67 1032 6.5
Bülent Ecevit 71 1287 5.5
Çanakkale 18 Mart 205 1653 12.4
Celal Bayar 140 1651 8.5
Cumhuriyet 56 1858 3
Dicle 172 1935 8.9
Dokuz Eylül 46 3381 1.4
Dumlupınar 168 1239 13.6
Ege 45 3175 1.4
Erciyes 145 2398 6
Erzincan 54 916 5.9
Eskişehir Osmangazi 46 1542 3
Fırat 47 1741 2.7
Gazi 233 3982 5.9
Gaziantep 128 1644 7.8
Gaziosmanpaşa 59 1286 4.6
Gebze Teknik 19 154 12.3
Hacettepe 74 3720 2
Harran 68 1012 6.7
İnönü 58 1672 3.5
İstanbul 192 5445 3.5
İstanbul Teknik 32 2211 1.4
Kafkas 30 890 3.4
Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam 126 1305 9.7
Karabük 50 995 5
Karadeniz Teknik 44 2528 1.7
Kırıkkkale 74 1226 6
Kocaeli 57 2098 2.7
Marmara 102 3201 3.2
Mersin 33 1630 2
Muğla Sıtkı Koçman 38 1523 2.5
Mustafa Kemal 105 1060 9.9
Niüde Ömer Halisdemir 36 891 4
Ondokuz Mayıs 123 2347 5.2
Pamukkale 181 1995 9.1
Sakarya 97 2010 4.8
Selçuk 126 2732 4.6
Süleyman Demirel 271 2303 11.8
Trakya 29 1701 1.7
Uludağ 38 2474 1.5
Yıldız Teknik 114 1754 6.5
Yüzüncü Yıl 73 1705 4.3

 

You can read more from PDF Link….

 

References

  1. Kural, B., Adal, H. (2018, July). Haber Listesi : Akademide İhraçlar 6 Bin 81’e Yükseldi.
    Retrieved from: http://bianet.org/bianet/ifade-ozgurlugu/198990-akademide-ihraclar-6-bin-81-e-yukseldi
  2. Kural, B., (2016, August). Haber Listesi : Sayılarla Kapatılan Üniversiteler.
    Retrieved from: https://m.bianet.org/bianet/egitim/177442-sayilarla-kapatilan-universiteler
  3. University Ranking by Academic Performance.(n.d.)
    Retrieved from: http://tr.urapcenter.org/2019/index.php
  4. Country Note, (2014). Turkey–Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators.
    Retrieved from: https://www.oecd.org/education/Turkey-EAG2014-Country-Note.pdf
  5. Yuksek Ogretim Bilgi Yonetim Sistemi, (n.d.).
    Retrieved from: https://istatistik.yok.gov.tr/
  6. http://www.webometrics.info/en

 


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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly March 19

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_March 19

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations | 3/12/2018-3/19/2018

1-” 740 people detained over Gülen links in past week: gov’t”
https://turkeypurge.com/740-people-detained-gulen-links-past-week-govt-2

2-” Millionaire businessman tells wife gov’t could seize properties, divorces her without alimony to marry lover: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/millionaire-businessman-threatens-wife-govt-seizure-divorces-without-alimony-marry-lover-report

3-” Pregnant teacher, husband reportedly under police custody for 7 days”
https://turkeypurge.com/pregnant-teacher-husband-reportedly-police-custody-7-days

4-” Turkish prosecutor seeks life sentence for US pastor over coup charges”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-prosecutor-seeks-life-sentence-us-pastor-coup-charges

5-” Purged computer teacher commits suicide days after his release from prison”
https://turkeypurge.com/purged-computer-teacher-commits-suicide-days-release-prison

6-” Opposition leader slams prosecutor office statement on Açıkkollu’s death”
https://turkeypurge.com/opposition-leader-slams-prosecutor-office-statement-acikkollus-death

7-” Turkey police detain 88 people in post-coup operations in İzmir, Adıyaman, Kırşehir, Edirne, Bursa: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkey-police-detain-88-people-post-coup-operations-izmir-adiyaman-kirsehir-edirne-bursa-report

8-” Number of Turkish asylum seekers in Greece rises tenfold from 2016 to 2017: Der Spiegel”
https://turkeypurge.com/number-turkish-asylum-seekers-greece-rises-tenfold-2016-2017-der-spiegel

9-” Outspoken lawyer representing coup suspects jailed pending trial”
https://turkeypurge.com/outspoken-lawyer-representing-coup-suspects-jailed-pending-trial

10-” Switzerland investigating allegations Turkey tried to kidnap businessman in Zurich”
https://turkeypurge.com/swiss-prosecutors-investigating-allegations-turkey-tried-kidnap-businessman-zurich

11-” [VIDEO] 14 detained over Bylock use in Turkey’s Konya”
https://turkeypurge.com/video-14-detained-bylock-use-turkeys-konya

12-” Businessman takes refuge at Austrian police after Turkish consulate tried to seize passport”
https://turkeypurge.com/businessman-takes-refuge-austrian-police-turkish-consulate-tried-seize-passport

13-” Report: 402,000 people investigated over Gülen links in past 20 months”
https://turkeypurge.com/report-402000-people-investigated-gulen-links-past-20-months

14-” 97 including labor union leaders detained on terror charges: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/97-including-labor-union-leaders-detained-coup-charges-report

15-” Constitutional Court rules for second time to release jailed journalist Alpay”
https://turkeypurge.com/constitutional-court-rules-release-jailed-journalist-alpay-second-time

16-” Man with 1 dollar bills acquitted of coup charges after admitting cocaine purchase”
https://turkeypurge.com/man-1-dollar-bills-acquitted-coup-charges-admitting-cocaine-purchase

17-” AK Party branch head appointed as trustee for 7 seized companies in Gaziantep: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/ak-party-branch-head-appointed-trustee-7-seized-companies-gaziantep-report

18-” Mother of this child gets 7.5 years in prison for working at Gulen-affilated student dorm in Ankara”
https://turkeypurge.com/mother-child-gets-7-5-years-prison-working-gulen-affilated-student-dorm-ankara

19-” Wife of judge who attempted to release Samanyolu journalist sentenced to 7.5 years in jail”
https://turkeypurge.com/wife-judge-attempted-release-samanyolu-journalist-sentenced-7-5-years-jail

20-” [VIDEO] Journalist Sahin Alpay: There are thousands of innocent people in prison”
https://turkeypurge.com/journalist-sahin-alpay-says-thousands-innocents-left-prison

21-” Pro-Kurdish politician Aysel Tuğluk given 10-year prison sentence”
https://turkeypurge.com/pro-kurdish-politician-aysel-tugluk-given-10-year-prison-sentence

22-” PPJ report: Turkish gov’t cancels passports to condemn critical citizens to civil death”
https://stockholmcf.org/ppj-report-turkish-govt-cancels-passports-to-condemn-critical-citizens-to-civil-death/

23-” Despite official health reports seriously ill Turkish teacher kept in prison over alleged Gülen links”
https://stockholmcf.org/despite-official-health-reports-seriously-ill-turkish-teacher-kept-in-prison-over-alleged-gulen-links/

24-” GRECO concerned about lack of judicial independence, transparency of legislative process in Turkey”
https://stockholmcf.org/greco-concerned-about-lack-of-judicial-independence-transparency-of-legislative-process-in-turkey/

25-” Turkish prosecutor demands 15 years in prison for Cumhuriyet daily executives, journalists”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-prosecutor-demands-15-years-in-prison-for-cumhuriyet-daily-executives-journalists/

26-” Turkish gov’t blocks encrypted email service ProtonMail, VPNs”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-blocks-encrypted-email-service-protonmail/

27-” Jailed main Turkish opposition deputy Berberoğlu: I have been isolated for a year”
https://stockholmcf.org/jailed-main-turkish-opposition-deputy-berberoglu-i-have-been-isolated-for-a-year/

Türkiye tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 3/12/2018-3/19/2018

1-” Rize Emniyeti’nde işkenceler yapıldığı ve üzerinin kapatıldığı ortaya çıktı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/rize-emniyetinde-iskenceler-yapildigi-ve-uzerinin-kapatildigi-ortaya-cikti-h113648.html

2-” Öğretmen Ömer Şamlı cezaevinde yaşayamaz raporuna rağmen hala tutuklu”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/ogretmen-omer-samli-cezaevinde-yasayamaz-raporuna-ragmen-hala-tutuklu-h113651.html

3-” Düşük riski olan hamile kadın 7 gündür nezarette tutuluyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/dusuk-riski-olan-hamile-kadin-7-gundur-nezarette-tutuluyor-h113689.html

4-” Silivri Cezaevi: Süpürge sopası kırılana kadar falakalı işkence yapıldı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/silivri-cezaevi-supurge-sopasi-kirilana-kadar-falakali-iskence-yapildi-h113718.html

5-” Milletvekili Aslan: Bu yaptığınız insani değil, hukuki değil”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/milletvekili-aslan-bu-yaptiginiz-insani-degil-hukuki-degil-h113774.html

6-” Nakil bekleyen Şerif Agu tahliye edilmeli”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/nakil-bekleyen-serif-agu-tahliye-edilmeli-h113797.html

7-” Anne ve babayı gözaltına alıp 3 yaşındaki Murat bebeği ortada bıraktılar”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/anne-ve-babayi-gozaltina-alip-3-yasindaki-murat-bebegi-ortada-biraktilar-h113835.html

8-” Esas AKP kendini güncellemeli; Yolsuzluk ve israf almış başını gidiyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/esas-akp-kendini-guncellemeli-yolsuzluk-ve-israf-almis-basini-gidiyor-h113839.html

9-” Raporlu kalp hastası çift 9 gündür itirafçı olmaları için gözaltındalar”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/raporlu-kalp-hastasi-cift-9-gundur-itirafci-olmalari-icin-gozaltindalar-h113841.html

10-” Bayburt cezaevinde tutuklulara psikolojik işkence yapılıyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/bayburt-cezaevinde-tutuklulara-psikolojik-iskence-yapiliyor-h113863.html

11-” Fincancı: İşkenceler AİHM’e giderse Cumhurbaşkanı, Adalet ve İçişleri Bakanları sorumlu”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/fincanci-iskenceler-aihme-giderse-cumhurbaskani-adalet-ve-icisleri-bakanlari-sorumlu-h113941.html

12-” Süt emen bebeğin hem annesini hem de babasını tutukladılar”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/sut-emen-bebegin-hem-annesini-hem-de-babasini-tutukladilar-h113952.html

13-” KHK mağduru polis memuru kalp krizi geçirip vefat etti!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/khk-magduru-polis-memuru-kalp-krizi-gecirip-vefat-etti-h113999.html

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