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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly June 30

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_June 30

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly- 06/25/2019-06/30/2019

  1. “Website entry exposes Constitutional Court bias against Gülen-related cases”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/website-entry-exposes-constitutional-court-bias-against-gulen-related-cases/

2. “Turkey orders detention of 27 sailors from Naval Forces”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/turkey-orders-detention-of-27-sailors-from-naval-forces/

3. “Editor of gov’t-critical news website detained for insulting Turkish president”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/editor-of-govt-critical-news-website-detained-for-insulting-turkish-president/

4. “Officials who conducted Turkish intelligence trucks probe in 2014 get lengthy prison sentences”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/officials-who-conducted-turkish-intelligence-trucks-probe-in-2014-get-lengthy-prison-sentences/

5. “Top court rules German-Turkish journalist’s rights violated during detention in Turkey”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/top-court-rules-german-turkish-journalists-rights-violated-during-detention-in-turkey/

6. “New era begins in İstanbul as İmamoğlu accepts mandate for second time”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/new-era-begins-in-istanbul-as-imamoglu-accepts-mandate-for-second-time/

7. “Pregnant, ailing women among 4 arrested in Turkey’s Osmaniye due to Gülen links”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/28/pregnant-ailing-women-among-4-arrested-in-turkeys-osmaniye-due-to-gulen-links/

8. “I wasn’t aware Öcalan’s brother had been sought by Turkish authorities: Erdoğan”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/27/i-wasnt-aware-ocalans-brother-had-been-sought-by-turkish-authorities-erdogan/

9. “Some 2,000 Turkish soldiers purged since end of state of emergency”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/27/some-2000-turkish-soldiers-purged-since-end-of-state-of-emergency/

10. “AKP deputy chair contradicts Erdoğan over İmamoğlu’s prosecution: report”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/27/akp-deputy-chair-contradicts-erdogan-over-imamoglus-prosecution-report/

11. “US-based Turkish academic released after detention for signing peace petition”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/26/us-based-turkish-academic-released-after-detention-for-signing-peace-petition/

12. “Not surprising that people commit suicide behind bars, says man abducted, tortured by Turkish intelligence”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/26/not-surprising-that-people-commit-suicide-behind-bars-says-man-abducted-tortured-by-turkish-intelligence/

13. “Autopsy report reveals graphic details about murder of military cadet on July 15”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/26/autopsy-report-reveals-graphic-details-about-murder-of-military-cadet-on-july-15/

14. “Court acquits teacher who pleaded with gov’t to spare children’s lives”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/26/court-acquits-teacher-who-pleaded-with-govt-to-spare-childrens-lives/

15. “Gov’t transfers mayoral appointment authority to city councils after losses in big cities”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/26/govt-transfers-mayoral-appointment-authority-to-city-councils-after-losses-in-big-cities/

16. “108 military cadets acquitted, 18 get life without parole in July 15 coup trial”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/26/108-military-cadets-acquitted-18-get-life-without-parole-in-july-15-coup-trial/

17. “Erdoğan signals possible Cabinet shakeup following election defeat in İstanbul”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/25/erdogan-signals-possible-cabinet-shakeup-following-election-defeat-in-istanbul/

18. “Kurdish signs removed after March 31 elections re-erected in Bitlis”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/25/kurdish-signs-removed-after-march-31-elections-re-erected-in-bitlis/

19. “Kurdish man alleges racist attack by police officer pretenders”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/24/kurdish-man-alleges-racist-attack-by-police-officer-pretenders/

20. “16 Turkish civil society leaders go on trial over Gezi Park protests”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/24/16-turkish-civil-society-leaders-go-on-trial-over-gezi-park-protests/

21. “Pregnant woman arrested on terrorism charges over alleged Gülen links”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/06/23/pregnant-woman-arrested-on-terrorism-charges-over-alleged-gulen-links/

Erdogan Hükümeti tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri

  1. “​Behzat Ç.’den KHK’li fragman: Yayın tarihi belli oldu”

http://aktifhaber.com/kultur-sanat/behzat-cden-khkli-fragman-yayin-tarihi-belli-oldu-h134308.html

2. “Ruslar Denizbank’ı Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri’ne devrediyor”

http://aktifhaber.com/ekonomi/ruslar-denizbanki-birlesik-arap-emirliklerine-devrediyor-h134303.html

3. “İmamoğlu’nu kabul etmiyorum’ diyen İSPARK müdürü de istifa etti”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/imamoglunu-kabul-etmiyorum-diyen-ispark-muduru-de-istifa-etti-h134289.html

4. “Halk TV’de görevden almalar sürüyor”

http://aktifhaber.com/medya/halk-tvde-gorevden-almalar-suruyor-h134287.html

5. “Suriye rejim güçleri Türk askeri gözlem noktasını vurdu: 1 şehit, 3 yaralı”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/suriye-rejim-gucleri-turk-askeri-gozlem-noktasini-vurdu-1-sehit-3-yarali-h134292.html

6. ““Hep derdim ki; Gülnur hayata ne acelen var? Öyle çok acelesi varmış ki; 28 yaşında gitti!””

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/hep-derdim-ki-gulnur-hayata-ne-acelen-var-oyle-cok-acelesi-varmis-ki-28-yasinda-gitti-h134290.html

7. “Erdoğan: ABD’nin yaptırım uygulamayacağını Trump’tan duymuş olduk”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/erdogan-abdnin-yaptirim-uygulamayacagini-trumptan-duymus-olduk-h134288.html

8. “Türk yargısı 2019: Mahkeme yanlış fotoğraf gönderdi, TRT “kesin o” diye rapor yazdı”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/turk-yargisi-2019-mahkeme-yanlis-fotograf-gonderdi-trt-kesin-o-diye-rapor-yazdi-h134252.html

9. “Alman iç istihbarat raporunda MİT’e özel başlık: Faaliyetler tek tek anlatıldı”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/alman-ic-istihbarat-raporunda-mite-ozel-baslik-faaliyetler-tek-tek-anlatildi-h134247.html

10. “Meclis’ten yükselen ses: “Yargı reformu 700 bebeği ve annelerini cezaevinden çıkarmalı””

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/meclisten-yukselen-ses-yargi-reformu-700-bebegi-ve-annelerini-cezaevinden-cikarmali-h134249.html

11. “Bahçeli’den Negahan Alçı’ya mektup tepkisi: ‘Satılık kalem’”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/bahceliden-negahan-alciya-mektup-tepkisi-satilik-kalem-h134164.html

12. “Edirne’de düzensiz göçmen faciası: 10 ölü”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/edirnede-duzensiz-gocmen-faciasi-10-olu-h134142.html

13. “Yeni askerlik yasası Resmi Gazete’de: Zorunlu askerlik altı ay, bedelli askerlik kalıcı oldu”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/yeni-askerlik-yasasi-resmi-gazetede-zorunlu-askerlik-alti-ay-bedelli-askerlik-kalici-oldu-h134146.html

14. “ABD’de tutuklu bulunan Hakan Atilla tahliye oluyor”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/abdde-tutuklu-bulunan-hakan-atilla-tahliye-oluyor-h134139.html

15. “Askerlik 6 aya indi, 130 bin er erken terhis olacak”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/askerlik-6-aya-indi-130-bin-er-erken-terhis-olacak-h134122.html

16. “Bu sefer senin şerefine İmamoğlu”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/bu-sefer-senin-serefine-imamoglu-h134071.html

17. “Osman Kavala tahliyesini istedi, hakim “Edersem ikametinizi verir misiniz” diye sordu”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/osman-kavala-tahliyesini-istedi-hakim-edersem-ikametinizi-verir-misiniz-diye-sordu-h134066.html

18. “TÜSİAD: İstanbul’un başarısı Türkiye’nin başarısıdır”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/tusiad-istanbulun-basarisi-turkiyenin-basarisidir-h134069.html

19. “Seçim zaferi için Ekrem İmamoğlu’ndan teşekkür videosu”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/secim-zaferi-icin-ekrem-imamoglundan-tesekkur-videosu-h134054.html

20. “Dünya basını hemfikir: Kaybeden Erdoğan”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/dunya-basini-hemfikir-kaybeden-erdogan-h134056.html

21. “BM’den koruma talep eden 8 kişi Moğolistan’dan çıkış yolu arıyor”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/bmden-koruma-talep-eden-8-kisi-mogolistandan-cikis-yolu-ariyor-h134295.html

22. “Koğuş arkadaşı bebekler”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/kogus-arkadasi-bebekler-h134185.html

23. “Boğaziçi Köprüsünde boğazı kesilerek şehit edilen Harbiyeli Enes’in otopsi raporu”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/bogazici-koprusunde-bogazi-kesilerek-sehit-edilen-harbiyeli-enesin-otopsi-raporu-h134184.html

24. “Kara Harp Okulu davasında 108 beraat”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/kara-harp-okulu-davasinda-108-beraat-h134150.html

25. “Bağ evinde ters kelepçe ile gözaltına alınanlar beraat etti”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/bag-evinde-ters-kelepce-ile-gozaltina-alinanlar-beraat-etti-h133941.html

26. “10 yıldır kanser hastası, 650 gündür cezaevinde”

http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/10-yildir-kanser-hastasi-650-gundur-cezaevinde-h134283.html

27. “Türkiye’yi tedavi edecek değerler”

http://www.tr724.com/turkiyeyi-tedavi-edecek-degerler/

28. “Bırakın, insanlık kazansın”

http://www.tr724.com/birakin-insanlik-kazansin/

29. “Kimin yolundan gideceksin, karar ver?! (1)”

http://www.tr724.com/kimin-yolundan-gideceksin-karar-ver-1/

30. “OHAL Komisyonu 78 bin başvurunun sadece 6 binini kabul etti”

http://www.tr724.com/ohal-komisyonu-78-bin-basvurunun-sadece-6-binini-kabul-etti/

31. “Ankara Barosu: Kaçırma olayı MİT’e sorulmalı”

http://www.tr724.com/ankara-barosu-kacirma-olayi-mite-sorulmali/

32. “Bekçilerden, ‘ters kelepçeli, darplı, tehditli’ GBT uygulaması”

http://www.tr724.com/bekcilerden-ters-kelepceli-darpli-tehditli-gbt-uygulamasi/

33. “Eşi kaçırılan Fatma Zeybek’ten KHK’lı Yıldırım’a destek”

http://www.tr724.com/esi-kacirilan-fatma-zeybekten-khkli-yildirima-destek/

34. “İdlib’de TSK noktasına saldırı: 1 şehit, 3 yaralı”

http://www.tr724.com/idlibde-tsk-noktasina-saldiri-1-sehit-3-yarali/

35. “Veli Saçılık’tan eşi kaçırılan kadınlara destek: İnsanlık suçuna karşı herkes duyarlı olmalı”

http://www.tr724.com/veli-saciliktan-esi-kacirilan-kadinlara-destek-insanlik-sucuna-karsi-herkes-duyarli-olmali/

36. “Ayşe Öğretmen 3 yıl sonra beraat etti”

http://www.tr724.com/ayse-ogretmen-3-yil-sonra-beraat-etti/

37. “Hakan Atilla 19 Temmuz’da tahliye mi oluyor?”

http://www.tr724.com/hakan-atilla-tahliye-mi-oluyor/

38. “OHAL sonrası TSK’dan 2 bin 49 asker ihraç edildi; gerekçe ankesörlü telefonla aranma”

http://www.tr724.com/ohal-sonrasi-tskdan-2-bin-49-asker-ihrac-edildi-gerekce-ankesorlu-telefonla-aranma/

39. “Göçmenleri taşıyan minibüs kaza yaptı: 10 ölü, 30 yaralı”

http://www.tr724.com/202701-2/

40. “Gezi Davası’nda Osman Kavala’nın tutukluluğuna devam kararı”

http://www.tr724.com/gezi-davasinda-osman-kavalanin-tutukluluguna-devam-karari/

41. “Sırrı Süreyya Önder’in kızından anlamlı mektup: Mutlunun mutsuza borcu var”

http://www.tr724.com/sirri-sureyya-onderin-kizindan-anlamli-mektup-mutlunun-mutsuza-borcu-var/

42. “Cezaevindeki annesine gönderdiği fotoğraf ‘zafer işareti var’ diye delik deşik edildi”

http://www.tr724.com/cezaevindeki-annesine-gonderdigi-fotograf-zafer-isareti-var-diye-delik-desik-edildi/

43. “TSK personeline ‘cadı avı’ operasyonu: Çok sayıda gözaltı var”

http://www.tr724.com/tsk-personeline-cadi-avi-operasyonu-cok-sayida-gozalti-var/

44. “Gezi davası başladı; Osman Kavala: “Suçlamalar son derece haysiyet kırıcı””

http://www.tr724.com/gezi-davasi-basladi-osman-kavala-suclamalar-son-derece-haysiyet-kirici/

Read more

AST Statement in Turkish: To cancel passports to silence dissidents is against international law. Free to leave is a right and must be respected by Turkish Authorities and President Erdogan

PDF LINK

ÇIKIŞ YOK!

YARGI KARARI OLMAKSIZIN PASAPORT İPTALİ (İDARİ TAHDİT) YOLUYLA YURT DIŞINA ÇIKIŞIN ENGELLENMESİ OLAY İNCELEMESİ :

Prof. Dr. Haluk Asuman SAVAŞ OLAY: İki kez tekrarlamış kanser hastası olup yurt dışında kanser tedavisi olmak isteyen KHK’lı Prof. Dr. Haluk Asuman SAVAŞ’ın pasaport başvurusu, terör örgütü üyeliğinden yargılandığı mahkemenin beraat kararına ve yurt dışı yasağının kaldırılmış olmasına rağmen, OHAL KHK’sı ile kamudan ihraç olduğu ve pasaportu KHK ile iptal edildiği için reddedildi1 . Kamuoyunda oluşan tepkiler üzerine, Adana Valiliği’nce 15.05.2019 tarihinde yapılan basın açıklamasında2 , “Söz konusu şahsın hukuki durumu, rahatsızlığı, alınan belgeler ve talebi; son 20 yılda zaruri hallerde istisnai bir durum olarak sadece birkaç kişi için kullanılan yetki kapsamında değerlendirilmek üzere İçişleri Bakanlığına 14.05.2019 tarih ve 14780 sayılı yazı gönderilmiş olup, Bakanlığımızın yapacağı değerlendirmeye göre işlem tesis edilecektir.”; 16.05.2019 tarihinde yapılan ek basın açıklamasında3 , “Yapılan değerlendirme sonucunda adı geçen şahıslara 5682 Sayılı Pasaport Kanunun 22. maddesi gereğince zaruri haller kapsamında pasaport düzenlenecektir.” ifadeleri ile pasaport red işlemi kabul edilerek, istisnai bir durum olarak ve kişiye özel çözüm üretileceği belirtilmiştir. OHAL KHK’sı ile pasaportları iptal edilen yüzbinlerce kişinin olduğu bilinmektedir. İçişleri Bakanlığı’nın 05.08.2018 tarihli duyrusuna4 göre, “…Nüfus ve Vatandaşlık İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü ve Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü, kendisi hakkında bir adli veya idari işlem olmadığı halde, eşleri hakkında yürütülen işlemlerden dolayı şerh konulduğu tespit edilen 155.350 kişinin pasaportlarındaki șerhler 25.07.2018 tarihinde kaldırmıştır.”. Yine, İçişleri Bakanlığı’nın 01.03.2019 tarihli duyurusunda5 , “Bakanlığımız tarafından yapılan inceleme ve araştırma neticesinde; daha önce pasaportuna idari tahdit uygulanan 155 bin 350 kișinin pasaportu geçerli hale getirilirken, buna ilaveten 57 bin 191 kișinin de pasaportundaki idari tahdit kaldırıldı.

Böylece, Bakanlığımızca bugüne kadar toplam 212 bin 541 kișinin pasaportundaki “idari tahdit” kaldırılarak, pasaportları geçerli hale getirildi.” denmektedir. İHLALLERE İLİŞKİN TEMEL METİNLER : Hakkında adli bir karar olmaksızın bireylerin pasaportlarının iptal edilmesi ve iade edilmemesinin tarafı olduğumuz uluslararası anlaşmalar, Anayasa ve evrensel hukuk ilkelerini ihlal ederek bireylerin temel hakların (yaşam hakkı, seyahat özgürlüğü vd.) kısıtlanmasına yol açtığı ve “işkence” tanımlaması kapsamına girdiği görülmektedir. T.C. Anayasası’nın 90. maddesi uyarınca uluslararası anlaşmalar üst normdur6 .  Birleşmiş Milletler İnsan Hakları Evrensel Beyannamesi’nin7 3. maddesine göre: “Yaşamak, özgürlük ve kişi güvenliği herkesin hakkıdır.”. Beyanname’nin 5. maddesine göre: “Hiç kimseye işkence yapılamaz, zalimce, insanlık dışı veya onur kırıcı davranışlarda bulunulamaz ve ceza verilemez.”. Beyanname’nin 13. maddesine göre: “Herkesin bir devletin toprakları üzerinde serbestçe dolaşma ve oturma hakkı vardır. Herkes, kendi ülkesi de dahil olmak üzere, herhangi bir ülkeden ayrılmak ve ülkesine yeniden dönmek hakkına sahiptir.”. Beyanname’nin 2. maddesine göre ise: “Herkes, ırk, renk, cinsiyet, dil, din, siyasal veya başka bir görüş, ulusal veya sosyal köken, mülkiyet, doğuş veya herhangi başka bir ayrım gözetmeksizin bu Bildirge ile ilan olunan bütün haklardan ve bütün özgürlüklerden yararlanabilir.”.  Medeni ve Siyasi Haklara İlişkin Uluslararası Sözleşme’nin8 6. maddesine göre: “Her insan doğuştan yaşama hakkına sahiptir. Bu hak hukuk tarafından korunur. Hiç kimse yaşama hakkından keyfi olarak yoksun bırakılamaz.”. Sözleşme’nin 7. maddesine göre: “Hiç kimse işkenceye veya zalimane, insanlıkdışı veya onur kırıcı muamele veya cezaya maruz bırakılamaz.”. Sözleşme’nin 12. maddesine göre: “Bir Devletin¸ ülkesinde hukuka uygun olarak bulunan bir kimse, o ülke sınırları içinde seyahat etme özgürlüğüne ve yerleşeceği yeri seçme hakkına sahiptir. Herkes kendi ülkesi de dahil, bir ülkeden ayrılmakta serbesttir. Yukarıda belirtilen haklar, bu Sözleşmede tanınan diğer haklara uygun olarak ulusal güvenlik, kamu düzeni (ordre public), genel sağlık veya genel ahlak veya başkalarının hak ve özgürlüklerini korumak için gerekli sebepler ile hukuken öngörülmüş sınırlamalar dışında hiç bir sınırlamaya tabi tutulamaz. Hiç kimse, kendi ülkesine girme hakkından keyfi olarak yoksun bırakılamaz.”. Sözleşme’nin 26. maddesinde ise: “Herkes, hukuk önünde eşittir ve hiç bir ayrımcılığa tabi tutulmaksızın hukuk tarafından eşit olarak korunma hakkına sahiptir. Hukuk bu alanda her türlü ayrımcılığı yasaklar ve herkese ırk, renk, cinsiyet, dil, din, siyasal veya başka bir fikir ulusal veya toplumsal köken, mülkiyet, doğum veya başka bir statü ile yapılan ayrımcılığa karşı etkili ve eşit koruma sağlar.”. denmektedir.  İşkence ve Diğer Zalimane, Gayri İnsani veya Küçültücü Muamale veya Cezaya Karşı Sözleşme’nin9 1. maddesine göre: “ Sözleşme amaçlarına göre, “İşkence” terimi, bir şahsa veya bir üçüncü şahsa, bu şahsın veya üçüncü şahsın işlediği veya işlediğinden şüphe edilen bir fiil sebebiyle, cezalandırmak amacıyla bilgi veya itiraf elde etmek için veya ayrım gözeten herhangi bir sebep dolayısıyla bir kamu görevlisinin veya bu sıfatla hareket eden bir başka şahsın teşviki veya rızası veya muvafakatıyla uygulanan fiziki veya manevi ağır acı veya ızdırap veren bir fiil anlamına gelir. Bu yalnızca yasal müeyyidelerin uygulanmasından doğan, tabiatında olan veya arızi olarak husule gelen acı ve ızdırabı içermez.”.  Avrupa İnsan Hakları Sözleşmesi’nin10 1. maddesine göre: “ Yüksek Sözleşmeci Taraflar kendi yetki alanları içinde bulunan herkese bu Sözleşme’nin birinci bölümünde açıklanan hak ve özgürlükleri tanırlar.” Sözleşme’nin 2. maddesine göre: “Herkesin yaşam hakkı yasayla korunur. Yasanın ölüm cezası ile cezalandırdığı bir suçtan dolayı hakkında mahkemece hükmedilen bu cezanın infaz edilmesi dışında, hiç kimsenin yaşamına kasten son verilemez.”. Sözleşme’nin 3. maddesine göre: “Hiç kimse işkenceye veya insanlık dışı ya da aşağılayıcı muamele veya cezaya tabi tutulamaz.”. 5. maddeye göre: “Herkes özgürlük ve güvenlik hakkına sahiptir.”. Sözleşme’nin 14. maddesinde ise: “Bu Sözleşme’de tanınan hak ve özgürlüklerden yararlanma, cinsiyet, ırk, renk, dil, din, siyasal veya diğer kanaatler, ulusal veya toplumsal köken, ulusal bir azınlığa aidiyet, servet, doğum başta olmak üzere herhangi başka bir duruma dayalı hiçbir ayrımcılık gözetilmeksizin sağlanmalıdır.” denmektedir. T.C. Anayasası’nın 17. maddesine göre: “Herkes, yaşama, maddî ve manevî varlığını koruma ve geliştirme hakkına sahiptir. Tıbbî zorunluluklar ve kanunda yazılı haller dışında, kişinin vücut bütünlüğüne dokunulamaz; rızası olmadan bilimsel ve tıbbî deneylere tâbi tutulamaz. Kimseye işkence ve eziyet yapılamaz; kimse insan haysiyetiyle bağdaşmayan bir cezaya veya muameleye tâbi tutulamaz.”. Anayasanın 23. maddesine göre: “Herkes, yerleşme ve seyahat hürriyetine sahiptir. Yerleşme hürriyeti, suç işlenmesini önlemek, sosyal ve ekonomik gelişmeyi sağlamak, sağlıklı ve düzenli kentleşmeyi gerçekleştirmek ve kamu mallarını korumak; Seyahat hürriyeti, suç soruşturma ve kovuşturması sebebiyle ve suç işlenmesini önlemek; Amaçlarıyla kanunla sınırlanabilir. (Değişik: 3/10/2001-4709/8 md.; 12/9/2010-5982/3 md.) Vatandaşın yurt dışına çıkma hürriyeti, ancak suç soruşturması veya kovuşturması sebebiyle hâkim kararına bağlı olarak sınırlanabilir.”. Anayasanın 10. maddesine göre: “Herkes, dil, ırk, renk, cinsiyet, siyasî düşünce, felsefî inanç, din, mezhep ve benzeri sebeplerle ayırım gözetilmeksizin kanun önünde eşittir. … Devlet organları ve idare makamları bütün işlemlerinde kanun önünde eşitlik ilkesine uygun olarak hareket etmek zorundadırlar.”. Anayasanın 13. maddesine göre: “Temel hak ve hürriyetler, özlerine dokunulmaksızın yalnızca Anayasanın ilgili maddelerinde belirtilen sebeplere bağlı olarak ve ancak kanunla sınırlanabilir. Bu sınırlamalar, Anayasanın sözüne ve ruhuna, demokratik toplum düzeninin ve lâik Cumhuriyetin gereklerine ve ölçülülük ilkesine aykırı olamaz.”. Anayasanın 2017 yılında değişiklik yapılmış 15. maddesine göre de: “(Değişik: 16/4/2017-6771/16 md.) Savaş, seferberlik veya olağanüstü hallerde, milletlerarası hukuktan doğan yükümlülükler ihlâl edilmemek kaydıyla, durumun gerektirdiği ölçüde temel hak ve hürriyetlerin kullanılması kısmen veya tamamen durdurulabilir veya bunlar için Anayasada öngörülen güvencelere aykırı tedbirler alınabilir. (Değişik: 7/5/2004-5170/2 md.) Birinci fıkrada belirlenen durumlarda da, savaş hukukuna uygun fiiller sonucu meydana gelen ölümler dışında, kişinin yaşama hakkına, maddî ve manevî varlığının bütünlüğüne dokunulamaz; kimse din, vicdan, düşünce ve kanaatlerini açıklamaya zorlanamaz ve bunlardan dolayı suçlanamaz; suç ve cezalar geçmişe yürütülemez; suçluluğu mahkeme kararı ile saptanıncaya kadar kimse suçlu sayılamaz.”. Bu hak ihlallerinin Türk Ceza Kanunu kapsamında karşılıklarına ilişkin değerlendirme bu çalışma kapsamı dışında tutulmuş olduğundan idari tahdit eyleminin oluşturduğu suçlar incelenmemiştir.

TESPİT VE ÖNERİLER: Yukarıda kısaca değinildiği üzere, idari tahdit usulü gerek ulusal gerekse uluslararası düzenlemeler karşısında açık hak ihlali oluşturmakta ve devlet olarak üstlenilen yükümlülüklerin de ihlaline sebebiyet vermektedir. Kabul edilen anlaşmalara bağlı uluslararası yükümlülüklere aykırı davranışın ise hem devlet, hem de hukuka aykırı eylemleri gerçekleştiren kişiler açısından sorumluluk doğuracağı kuşkusuzdur. AST, yukarıdaki tespitler ışığında hukuka aykırılığı açık olan idari tahdit uygulamasından kaynaklı hak ihlallerine derhal son verilerek mağduriyetlerin artmaması için Türk hükümetine çağrı yapmakta ve aşağıdaki önerilerde bulunmaktadır: 1. Açıkça hukuka aykırı olan idari tahdit uygulaması sebebiyle bireylerin mağduriyetine sebep olan kamu görevlilerinin bu sorumluluklarının daha fazla artmaması için, Anayasa 90. maddesi karşısında “kanuna aykırı emir” olan ve uygulayıcılar açısından iç hukuktaki muhtelif hükümleri ihlal ederek suç teşkil eden idari tahdit uygulamasının icrasında yer alınmamalı, bireylerin haklarını kullanabilmeleri için gerekli işlemler gecikmeksizin yapılmalı ve durum derhal yazılı olarak amirlere bildirilmelidir. 2. Uluslararası anlaşmalar karşısında devlet olarak sorumluluğun daha fazla artmaması ve yaptırımlara maruz kalınmasının önlenmesi için,  Uluslararası anlaşmalara ve Anayasa hükümlerine aykırı olan idari tahdit uygulamasına derhal son verilmelidir.  Uluslararası anlaşma hükümleri kapsamında yer alan yükümlülükler çerçevesinde, gerekli yasal düzenlemeler yapıldıktan sonra, kamu görevlilerince etkin şekilde uygulanmasının takibi yapılmalıdır.

1 Prof. Dr. Haluk Asuman SAVAŞ’a ait @drhaluksavas hesabından 13.05.2019 tarihinde atılan twitlerde belirtilmiştir.

2 http://www.adana.gov.tr/basin-aciklamasi1505

3 http://www.adana.gov.tr/prof-dr-haluk-asuman-savas-konulu-ek-basin-aciklamasi

4 https://www.icisleri.gov.tr/pasaport-serhlerinin-kaldirilmasina-iliskin-duyuru

5 https://www.icisleri.gov.tr/bakanligimizca-57-bin-191-kisinin-pasaportundaki-idari-tahdit-kaldirildi

6 https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/anayasa/anayasa_2018.pdf

7 https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/komisyon/insanhaklari/pdf01/203-208.pdf

8 https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/komisyon/insanhaklari/pdf01/Medeni_Siyasi_Haklari_Ul_Soz.pdf

9 https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/komisyon/insanhaklari/pdf01/37-51.pdf

10 www.silencedturkey.org – help@silencedturkey.org – 1-540-209-1934 – @silencedturkeyhttps://www.tbmm.gov.tr/komisyon/insanhaklari/pdf01/ IH_ve_Temel_Ozgurluklerin_Korunmasi.pdf

 

 

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Collapse of Rule of Law in TURKEY and Politically Motivated Extradition Requests for the Dissidents of Erdogan Regime

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Turkey Blocks Defendants’ Right to Legal Counsel During Trials No Fair Trial in Turkey As Judiciary Remains in Shambles

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Political Context
  • Political Nature of Regime

A)General Outline of Debate

B)Contours of Authoritarianism

  • The Case Against Extradition
  • a)The post-coup trials are political in nature;
  • b)There is no judicial independence;
  • c)Mass prosecution of Lawyers
  • d)Turkey’s Abuse of Interpol
  • e)British Court Rejects Turkey’s Extradition Request
  • f)Perils of Extradition
  • Conclusion

Introduction

There are numerous reports illuminating the collapse of rule of law and the judicial independence in Turkey. The lack of fair trials, the denial of the right to defense, and political interference in ongoing cases summoned close-up scrutiny from international organizations to the nature of post-coup trials, causing debilitating damage to the credibility of trials at all. Despite for all the coverage of post-coup affairs in Turkey, how trials proceed on bogus and trumped-up charges, how the Turkish political and judicial authorities fabricated evidence to implicate certain figures and how arbitrariness contagiously pervaded all layers of judicial mechanism remain mostly under-sketched until the recent report by the Human Rights Watch (HRW). The HRW report aside, previous studies mostly left certain aspects regarding trials beyond full grasp of outsiders. For this reason, except experts and legal observers, the outside world remains uninformed about how things veered off the script and how the very word of law has become a dead letter following the purge and politically-tinged trials. This report, in addition to the HRW-like studies, seeks to fill the gap by offering a detailed analysis of the political efforts aimed at subverting the legal system and manipulating post-coup trials. Additionally, this study tries to provide a panoramic view of central contours of the political course of post-coup Turkey in an effort to illustrate the correspondence between the government’s not-so-subtle interference in legal processes and dynamics of advancing political interests of the ruling party.

To have a proper sense of what this report is about, a historical perspective is essential to capture how the Turkish government defied both national and international law. This requires revisiting recent course of political events that sealed the country’s tilt toward authoritarianism. In this regard, an adequate understanding of the political context would be a good start to untangle the link between political factors and judicial affairs.

Political Context

Turkey’s slow-motion drift into the grip of authoritarianism took place in much a longer time, a process that began before the failed 2016 coup. The government’s heavy-handed response to nationwide Gezi Park protests in 2013 and the first waves of purge after the corruption investigation in December 2013 paved the way for the emergence of an illiberal government. Then-Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan did his best in his capacity to blunt the sprawling graft scandal, which implicated his cabinet ministers and his family members. The prime minister responded with a swift purge of prosecutors and police officers overseeing the graft case. Many observers and experts pinpoint this year, 2013, as the major turning point for Turkey’s drift away from a liberal democracy, which it never gained in a full-fledged, ideal fashion in the republican history. It would be safe to say that the contours of autocratic turn began to appear with the purge in judiciary and police department in late 2013. What followed after was a steady descent into an autocratic system.

If the post-2013 era signaled the harbinger of Turkey’s break with the democratic norms, the post-coup period after the botched putsch in mid-2016 served as a testament to the full breakdown of the rule of law, judicial independence and corrosion of the integrity of Turkey’s bureaucratic institutions following the sweeping purge. The failed coup attempt was a watershed moment in Turkey’s modern history. The government immediately declared a state of emergency and ruled the country with decrees, which had the full force of law, for two years. Although the emergency regime officially ended last summer, the measures taken by the government during the emergency rule remain in place after authorities enacted a new set of laws that made decrees permanent.

The abortive coup provided President Erdogan and his party the much-needed pretext and unlimited latitude to embark on a massive purge to dismiss their real and perceived political opponents from public service. The profusion of numbers is mind-numbing. More than 150,000 public workers have been fired without due process.

A detailed report by Amnesty International in October last year meticulously documented how that process played out. Authorities did not feel any compunction over the lack of any legal basis or evidence of wrongdoing to justify dismissals.

“Their dismissals did not include specific evidence or details of their alleged wrongdoing. Instead, the decrees offered a generalized justification that they ‘…had links to, were part of, were connected to, or in communication with…’ proscribed groups,” the Amnesty report stated.

Administrative decisions, not court rulings, were definitive and determining elements in the course of dismissals, a minister admitted during the emergency rule. Former Justice Minister Bekir Bozdag’s off-script remarks were an acknowledgment of the political nature of the purge process, which took place in line with political whims of the government rather than due legal process.

As the subject matter of this report, the collapse of judicial independence and lack of fair trials appear as the major source of lamentation and complaints from purge victims. More than 3,500 judges and prosecutors have been dismissed en masse. The majority of them wound up in jail after lengthy pretrial detention. What further blighted Turkey’s shredded judicial landscape was a systematic blow to defendants’ right to fair defense and legal counsel. A recent HRW report, which was published this April, lucidly elaborated on the crackdown on lawyers, among other things. The political persecution of the members of Turkey’s judiciary was (is) not restricted to mass imprisonment of judges and prosecutors. The Turkish authorities also went after lawyers and legal organizations, denying defendants, who had been arrested as part of the post-coup crackdown, not only the fair trial but also access to the most basic legal counsel and defense. It would be professional suicide for any lawyer to represent someone, who stand trial on the charge of affiliation with the Gulen Movement. As the HRW report dwells upon the legal perils and professional challenges of defending a Gulen-affiliated person, lawyers face the high risk of similar treatment and accusations by the authorities.

While the HRW’s scrupulous and well-documented study limits its focus to the ordeal of lawyers, this report aims to take a larger look from a broader perspective to situate the breakdown of Turkey’s judicial system in a historical and political context. To that aim, how the entire legal drama was deeply tainted and steered by political meddling and considerations in Turkey’s post-coup political landscape will be the major theme of this study. In this respect, apart from providing a mere analysis or a narrative record of the recent course of events in Turkey from an analytical angle, this report also contains some normative judgments and policy prescriptions for outside experts, especially in the legal profession, in the face of Turkey’s relentless legal diplomacy to haunt dissidents abroad.

It would be tempting for the host countries to treat Ankara’s extradition requests of some critics within the narrow scope of technical aspects of legal criteria. But it need not much prudence to see the political motivations of Ankara lurking behind the mere judicial moves. This report casts Turkey’s tireless efforts to capture the government’s opponents abroad in this light, offering a close-up look at some cases that expose political machinations inherent in some extradition requests. Therefore, this study warns foreign governments and courts against Ankara’s disregard of central tenets of its own national law and international law when it pursued certain critical figures living in different countries either in Europe or elsewhere.

The Nature of Political Regime in Turkey

  • The General Outline of the Debate

There is an emerging widespread consensus among scholars and journalists over the nature of the political regime in Turkey. One chief assumption rests at the center of countless diverse studies — Turkey is no longer a democracy and there is little space for free speech. Whether Turkey could be identified as a dictatorship still remains a matter of an ensuing academic controversy. The scholarly position oscillates between divergent viewpoints from “smart authoritarianism” to emerging fascism. The debate is not just about semantics or the epistemological dimension, it is about the essence and soul of the living system in Turkey.

“IN TURKEY under President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the tweet has been turned into a crime, and a troubled democracy is being turned into a dictatorship. Gradually but inexorably, a nation that once aspired to be an exemplar of enlightened moderation is being transformed by Mr. Erdogan into a dreary totalitarian prison,” The Washington Post wrote in an editorial last year.

The Post editorial reached its conclusion after a long take on how Erdogan’s government rolled back democratic gains of the recent decades. Certainly, the Post is not alone in its assessment.

The Turkish president’s gradual power grab did not happen within one year. It rather took place stage by stage in a piecemeal fashion over the past several years. His political machinations chipped away at core elements of Turkey’s fragile democracy.

Not long before its descent into authoritarianism, Turkey aspired to be a model country for the rest of the region. A mixed combination of Islam and democracy, a rising economy with groundbreaking, novel E.U. reforms as part of the negotiations with Brussels for full membership were the hallmarks of Turkey’s inspiring success story.

“… Turkey is viewed as having played the “most constructive” role in the past year’s events and its prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, emerged as the most admired leader by far in the region, according to the 2011 edition of the annual “Arab Public Opinion Survey” conducted by Shibley Telhami of the Brookings Institution,” Jim Lobe wrote for Institute for Policy Studies in 2011.

“Turkey is the biggest winner of the Arab Spring,” wrote Telhami who led the survey in 2011 to measure the public reaction and expectations across the region swept by a wave of demonstrations toppling long-running autocrats. The scholar noted further:

“In the five countries polled, Turkey is seen to have played the “most constructive” role in the Arab events. Its prime minister, Recep Erdoğan, is the most admired among world leaders, and those who envision a new president for Egypt want the new president to look most like Erdoğan. Egyptians want their country to look more like Turkey than any of the other Muslim, Arab and other choices provided.”

During the first decade of its spell in power, the Islamist-rooted AKP’s displayed commitment to democracy and its reform-driven agenda to acquire E.U. membership for Turkey upended the long-held belief that political Islam and democracy would not co-exist peacefully in a properly functioning fashion. Until an illiberal and undemocratic turn in the early 2010s, President Erdogan’s rule proved otherwise, boosting confidence in the belief that conservative and Islamist-oriented parties would reconcile their worldview with the demands and necessities of democratic politics.

But as scholars increasingly came to believe that the Arab Spring was a lost opportunity for the Erdogan administration’s loyalty to democracy. Lured by the emerging geopolitical opportunities during the Arab Spring in the Middle East, Turkey sought to project its power across the region. Ankara employed elements of hard power at the expense of its hard-won soft power, chipping away at the prestige it earned after arduous efforts, and making Turkey susceptible and open to the spillover of the regional conflicts. The Syrian civil war and Turkey’s policies have been the most known contours of this embroilment and over-stretch of Ankara’s diplomatic as well as military clout, mostly to the detriment of the country’s interests.

While the Syrian conflict dragged Turkey into uncharted territory with profound diplomatic and military ramifications for Ankara’s regional foreign and security policies, the Turkish domestic politics would not escape unscathed and unaffected from the conflict. The refugee flow, the challenging incorporation of more than 3,5 million Syrians into Turkey’s social fabric, and the emergence of security threats after open border policy created additional pitfalls for the government in Ankara. The social and economic cost of accommodating Syrians also became a politically divisive issue.

  1. B. Contours of Authoritarianism

These course of events in the internal and external realm appears to have inexorably anchored Turkey in an illiberal political setting. The scale and pace of Turkey’s drift into the grip of full-blown authoritarianism after the failed coup in 2016 is completely a different story. The post-2016 Turkey resembles a different country as it underwent a seismic change in all facets and layers of the body politic.

After praising Turkey’s democratic reforms during the 2000s, Peter S. Goodman, London-based European economics correspondent for The New York Times, detected a similar collapse over the course of past years. He wrote for The Times last year:

“But that was before Mr. Erdogan began amassing supreme powers, and before his brutal crackdown on dissent following an attempted coup two years ago. It was before Turkey descended into a financial crisis delivered in no small measure by his authoritarian proclivities and unorthodox stewardship of the economy. Whatever was left of the notion that Mr. Erdogan was a liberalizing force has been wholly extinguished.”

“For the West,” he added, “Mr. Erdogan has devolved from a righteous hope — would-be proof that Islam and democracy can peacefully coexist — into another autocrat whose populism, bombast and contempt for the ledger books have yielded calamity.”

The failed coup ushered in a new era and prompted a new form of commentary that increasingly began to use the concept of dictatorship and dictator when they analyzed the transformation of both the political landscape and President Erdogan himself.  

David L. Phillips, Director of the Program on Peace-building and Rights, Columbia University’s Institute for the Study of Human Rights, likened Erdogan to Stalin. “Erdogan’s “inner Stalin” is unleashed,” he wrote five days after the coup.

Turkey’s authorities launched a massive purge within the public sector and security bureaucracy, with little regard for the purge’s calamitous and pernicious implications for the integrity and functional health of the institutions. The Columbia scholar, who also served at the State Department in the past administrations of Clinton, Bush and Obama, argued that Erdogan was turning Turkey into a giant Gulag.

The failed coup against Erdogan, Bloomberg columnist Noah Feldman wrote, “turned out be a godsend, because it allowed him to end the separation of powers.”

Feldman opined that “the only institutions capable of counterbalancing Erdogan were the military and the courts.”

“The failed coup gave Erdogan the opening to purge the judiciary and military of opponents and skeptics, indeed anyone who wasn’t a reliable loyalist. That left no one to balance Erdogan — and no reason for him to stick with democratic rule,” he wrote in a column in May 2017.

The post-coup purge and crackdown have left no doubt about the political trajectory of the government. The declaration of emergency rule, which was extended seven more times after expiration of its three-month period, allowed the Turkish government to bypass and circumvent constitutional safeguards protecting individual rights and defendants’ rights to a fair trial, legal counsel and etc. The story of the post-coup clampdown was well documented by countless reports by international organizations, therefore there would only be a passing mention here.

As scholars are divided over how to identify the character of the regime in Ankara, there is no doubt about its authoritarian nature.

“Erdoğan’s relentless political chicanery offers a roadmap to today’s populist dictators on how to engineer apparently democratic triumphs on their way to disabling democracy,” the Forbes columnist Melik Kaylan wrote in an article for Politico after a controversial referendum in April 2017. The vote was marred by widespread allegations of voter fraud after the Supreme Election Council (YSK), under political pressure, decided to accept more than 1.5 million unstamped ballot papers at last minute. The ruling swayed the vote in favor of ‘Yes’ camp of President Erdogan whose lifelong push for an executive presidential system materialized with the controversial win the constitutional referendum.

He summarized the authoritarian playbook of the Turkish strongman as follows:

“Erdoğan deliberately provoked chaos then offered himself up as a solution. He allowed ISIS to operate openly in Turkey; he ignited a civil war against the Kurdish population to punish them for voting against him in a crucial national election; he kept the Syrian border porous so the instability there would migrate into Turkey. He persecuted the military until they revolted, accusing outside forces of fomenting the trouble, most recently the Gülenists. With rolling Robespierre-like prosecutions, he warned half the country that opposing him will wreck their lives. He destroyed the economy but subsidized his supporters.”

His analysis reveals the government’s consistent attempts to hollow out Turkey’s once-functioning institutions in a brazen manner. Whatever has the government done since the Gezi protests served to consolidate Erdogan’s position by making the entire political system dependent on one personality with little regard for the institutional degeneration engendered by the whole course of political events.

“The only way Erdoğan has achieved any political success is by using the body politic against itself,” Kaylan wrote. “In essence,” the columnist argued, the Turkish president “has delegitimized governance in order to present himself as the only way to restore it.”

The post-referendum commentary was almost united in their assessment of what the April vote in 2017 meant for the future of Turkey’s political system. The constitutional amendment bestowed enormous powers at the president’s office, undoing the central tenets of the almost century-old parliamentary system of the Republic.

Writing a day after the referendum, Roy Gutman from The Daily Beast contended that “the result will be a system under which there’s no prime minister, where the parliament will be weakened to the point of being a rubber stamp, and the judiciary will become still more subservient than it is already.”

He went on to say: “The path to one-man rule—opponents talk of a “dictatorship”—is the story of a politician with a gut instinct for gaining power who’s seized on every political setback that’s come his way in the past two years and turned it into an opportunity to advance his ambitions.”

Following the presidential election in 2018, the president assumed vast powers normally accrued to a new breed of global strongmen around the world.

A New York Times article summarized the changes introduced as follows:

“The prime minister’s office has been abolished; The military has been brought under firmer civilian control; The president will draft the budget and choose judges and many top officials; The president can dismiss Parliament and call new elections at will; The president appoints the head of the National Intelligence Agency, the Religious Affairs Directorate and the Central Bank, as well as ambassadors, governors and university rectors, among other top bureaucrats; Virtually none of the president’s appointments require a confirmation process.”

One year since the election has confirmed the existence of the one-man rule in Turkey. President Erdogan’s style of governance, however, backfired on March 31 local elections. He lost major cities, including Ankara and Istanbul, as of this report’s publication.

But in between, the president began to dismantle some core institutions of the Republic, while establishing a direct rule over the entire apparatus of the executive branch. Once unthinkable and inconceivable, outside observers and experts no longer shy away from depicting Erdogan’s Turkey as an emerging dictatorship. However contested the academic label it may be, the country moves between authoritarianism and dictatorship with more and more articles calling the Turkish leader as a “dictator.”

In this context and against this backdrop, Turkey’s legal and diplomatic actions on a global scale must be understood and reviewed. Needless to say, the political nature of the regime has direct implications for the ongoing trials in Turkey. Trials against actual coup plotters aside, the majority of the trials against opponents in the post-coup era are politically motivated. Even the coup plotters lack fair trial amid tremendous political pressure and public mobbing.

The Case Against Extradition

There is a preponderance of factual data and evidence that strongly prove the central charge against the Turkish government that the post-coup trials are not fair and politically motivated in form and essence. After providing a historical and political context about the evolution of an increasingly authoritarian regime in Turkey, this part of the report will take the issue of post-coup trials and analyze them from the angle of universally accepted legal norms and criteria. It also will try to build up a compelling case to show why foreign courts and judges should think twice before ruling in favor Ankara’s extradition requests for wanted dissidents.

To begin with, a growing body of pieces appeared on the international media and reports by respected rights organizations have coalesced around a shared conviction about the nature of the post-coup trials: they are not fair. They are driven by political motivations of the government and lack the basic parameters of due process.

  • The post-coup trials are political in nature;
  • There is no judicial independence;
  • Turkey’s authorities show contempt for the ECHR rulings;
  • Mass prosecution of Lawyers
  • Turkey’s abuse of Interpol System;
  • British Court Rejects Ankara’s Extradition Request
  • Perils of Extradition

The second part of the study will elaborate on each theme outlined above in its quest to build up a case against extradition.

Post-Coup Trials Are Politically Motivated

Foreign judges and courts must consider the fact that the major consensus among human rights organizations and Turkey observers is that the majority of the trials appear to be politically motivated. There are a number of cases that indisputably show how Turkey’s authorities simply elbowed aside the central tenets of rule of law and fair trial when they imprisoned rights activists, journalists, politicians and all types of dissidents.

“The Ministry of Justice also reported that, between July 2016 and July 2018, “investigations have been opened into 612,347 persons alleged to be founders, executives, or members of armed organizations.” A majority of these were reportedly detained for alleged ties to the Gulen movement or the PKK, often with little due process or access to the evidence underlying the accusations against them,” the U.S. State Department noted in its report about human rights in Turkey.

The Case of Amnesty International Activists: On July 5, 2017, the Turkish police detained 10 members of Amnesty International over terrorism charges and landed them in pretrial detention. The police raid took place when the activists were attending a cyber-security workshop on an island in the Marmara Sea.  Taner Kilic, the chairman of Amnesty’s Turkey branch, had already been detained in Izmir on similar charges, over membership to a terrorist organization.

The arrest rattled the entire world and was regarded as an assault on human rights itself. The London-based Amnesty International dismissed the charges as politically motivated.

“The use of criminal proceedings against human-rights defenders… is unfortunately an increasingly frequent phenomenon” in Turkey, said Nils Muiznieks, the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights, according to Economist.

The Amnesty launched a worldwide campaign to secure the release of Kilic and Idil Eser, the director of Amnesty International’s Turkey branch, and others. While other members were released after months of detention, Kilic remained in prison until August 2018. This episode is only one element of a larger picture that points to the fact that different segments of society and public workers, including diplomats, journalists, judges, prosecutors, teachers, police chiefs and generals faced similar criminal legal proceedings although the majority of them had no record of any wrongdoing and official misconduct.

The deployment of terrorist label and invocation of counter-terrorism laws against members of public service and journalists indeed reveal the political approach deeply rooted in how the government perceives the post-coup trials. The only thing that unites the so many diverse people with different social affiliation and political conviction is that they are opponents or discontents of the Erdogan government. If a public worker is deemed a non-loyalist, this factor is seen enough to categorize him as a terrorist, as tens of thousands of cases before and after the coup have so far confirmed.

The Case of Politician Selahattin Demirtas: The trial of Selahattin Demirtas, the former co-chair of pro-Kurdish People’s Democracy Party (HDP), is another case in point. Prosecutors accuse him of leading the political branch of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and involving in terrorist propaganda.

Demirtas who was detained in late October 2016, appeared at the court on Feb. 14, 2018, for the first time. The HDP politician noted that “terrorism charges against him were politically motivated and he did not think he would get a fair trial.”

In his defense at the court, Demirtas lamented the obstacles he faced during the lengthy pretrial detention.

“The President is calling me a terrorist every day, and openly instructing the courts and the parliament against us. It wasn’t the judiciary who brought me here, but the President himself,” Reuters quoted him as saying.

The treatment of politicians, journalists, members of the judiciary and other public sector departments in the same way along with actual criminals and terrorists taint the credibility and integrity of trials, cast serious doubts over the claims of the Turkish authorities.

According to the government, anyone criticizing the president faces terrorism charges. This is true for NBA star Enes Kanter, for former national soccer star Hakan Sukur, who lives in the U.S. in self-exile, for Ahmet Altan, a novelist and journalist serving life in prison in Istanbul, for Asli Erdogan, who briefly stayed in jail and now lives in Germany in self-imposed exile. Former Cumhuriyet Editor-in-Chief Can Dundar, lawmakers, diplomats and countless exiled journalists and writers face the noxious charge of terrorist for their criticism of the government and the president.

The Case of NASA Scientist Serkan Golge: The conviction of NASA scientist Serkan Golge on terrorism charge encapsulates the gist of the matter about the political nature of trials. Golge, after one and a half year of pretrial detention, was sentenced to 7.5 years in prison over membership to a terrorist organization. The U.S. authorities long tried to secure his release, but to no avail. After the prison sentence, “a spokesperson for the U.S. Department of State said the United States is “deeply concerned” by Golge’s conviction, which came “without credible evidence.”

Golge was on a vacation along with his family in the southern province of Hatay when the coup attempt took place. The police arrested him over the coup-related and terrorism charges after a tip from a distant relative. The observers, the U.S. government and legal experts dismissed the accusations as groundless. The scientist remained in solitary confinement one and a half year before the announcement of the prison sentence.

The War Against Academia: The members of Turkey’s academia have also found themselves in the crosshairs of the authorities. Thousands of academics were either suspended or dismissed over alleged terrorism ties or Gulen affiliation. More than 1,000 academics faced probes and some of them were convicted over signing a peace petition calling for the cessation of the army operations in urban areas in southeastern Turkey in early 2016.

In a riveting report, the HRW stated that the Turkish government is “investigating and prosecuting academics on trumped-up terrorism charges.”

“The authorities,” the report noted, “are interfering with student protests on campus, and prosecuting student activists. And officials are interfering with academic research on controversial topics.”

It added: “Together these actions are creating a climate of fear and self-censorship on campus, and breaching Turkey’s obligations under human rights law to respect and protect academic freedom and freedom of expression.”

The universities have also faced accusations of collaborating with the government to muzzle critical academics.

The numbers reveal the true scope of the post-coup clampdown. As of September 2017, “a total of 5,717 academics in 117 universities have been sacked from their jobs in Turkey, according to Bianet.org; 15 universities have been shut down altogether; and, according to the Ministry of Justice, 69,301 students have been incarcerated as of the end of 2016, which accounts for one-third of the total number of prisoners in the whole country.”

The war on academy not only occurred through mass dismissals but also took the form of legal proceedings.

B)There Is No Judicial Independence in Turkey

According to international organizations, media and experts, there is no longer judicial independence in Turkey, something that has become a political reality after years of fraying at the heart of judicial affairs. The rot of the judiciary also took place in a larger time frame, but devolved into a full-blown fracturing in the aftermath of the coup attempt in 2016. The mass imprisonment of more than 3,500 judges and prosecutors dealt a heavy blow to Turkey’s judiciary, installing a fear regime that frightened whatever left of the independent-minded and norm-respecting judges and prosecutors.

According to the World Index that measures judicial independence, Turkey ranked at 111th place out of 140 countries.  The standing reveals where Turkey belongs to. Certainly, not to the league of advanced democracies.

Apart from this, there are countless reports by other organizations cling to a similar conviction about the lack of judicial independence in Turkey.

The Council of Europe’s 49-member Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) published a number of reports in a bid to evaluate the state of the judiciary in Turkey. While its reports in 2018 chiefly focused on the prevalence of corruption in Turkey, it also analyzed how the recent legislative measures “putting the independence of the judiciary from the executive and political powers at stake.”

A report by GRECO, which solely focused on the independence of courts, notes: “the fact that the newly-established Council of Judges and Prosecutors is appointed by the President of the Republic and Parliament, and none of its members are elected by the judiciary itself, runs counter to the fundamental principle of an independent judiciary.”

It further adds that:

“In summary, GRECO notes that only 2 out of 22 of its recommendations on these issues have been implemented satisfactorily by Turkey, leading GRECO to describe the current level of compliance as “globally unsatisfactory”.”

The lack of judicial independence particularly matters when it comes to extradition requests by Ankara. Other countries and courts must keep in mind the fact that if a certain person is sent back to Turkey, the prospect of standing a fair trial remains scantily dim.

The Case of Murat Arslan

Last year, a joint letter by four leading judicial organizations in Europe were firm in their conviction about this subject.

“On the occasion of the Human Rights Day 2018, the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey strongly emphasizes that basic human rights standards are neglected and violated in Turkey, inter alia through the abolishment of an independent judiciary and in so far arbitrary detention of thousands of Turkish judges,” a letter by the four organizations said.

Presidents of Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ), European Association of Judges (EAJ), Judges for Judges and Magistrats Européens pour la Democratie et les Libertés (MEDEL) expressed their concern over the ongoing trials against judiciary members. As an example of the collapse of judicial independence, the case of Murat Arslan, a judge and president of the Turkish Association of Judges and Prosecutors (YARSAV), was cited in the letter. Arslan was imprisoned in October 2016 and remains in prison ever since.

Arslan’s case struck a particular chord around the world.

“The conviction of Judge Arslan constitutes a severe and gross attack on the independence of the judiciary in Turkey, and in a democratic state under the rule of law an independent and impartial judiciary is a fundamental guarantee for society as a whole,” Diego Garcia-Sayán, the U.N. Special Rapporteur for the independence of judges and lawyers, said on Feb. 6 this year.

He said: “I remain gravely concerned at the adverse effects that the measures implemented by the Government of Turkey have had, and continue to have, on the equal and effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms of targeted individuals as well as on the independence of the judiciary and the free exercise of the legal profession.”

Arslan was sentenced to 10 years in prison over alleged ties to the Gulen Movement, which is labeled as “FETO” by the Turkish authorities. So far now, as observers and the U.N. expert note, Arslan has been denied a fair trial, while authorities did not offer convincing evidence to substantiate their terrorism charges against the former YARSAV president.

“We have received information suggesting that the legal process against Mr. Arslan was not transparent and did not satisfy the criteria for judicial proceedings designed to safeguard the legal rights of the individual,” Garcia-Sayán said in his statement.

“The proceedings against Judge Arslan could have an adverse effect on the independence of the judiciary in Turkey, since other judges may be deterred from exercising their judicial independence and freedom of expression for fear of being subject to disciplinary or criminal proceedings,” the expert added in the statement appeared on the website of the U.N. Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner.

The previous year, the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE), the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), and the European Association of Judges (EAJ) firmly condemned the ongoing widespread persecution of lawyers, journalists, judges and prosecutors in Turkey. A joint statement underlined the importance of judicial independence to safeguard fair trials, the maintenance of the rule of law and separation of powers.

European-based Platform for Peace and Justice (PPJ) and New York-based Advocates for Silenced Turkey (AST) well documented how political authorities brought the judiciary into full-scale political control and deeply influenced the course of post-coup trials.

  1. C) Turkey shows of Contempt for ECHR Rulings

The relations came to a head between Ankara and the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) when the court urged the release of Mehmet Altan and Sahin Alpay, two journalists who, after exhaustion of domestic legal channels, applied to the Strasbourg-based court in a quest for legal remedy. The lawyers of the two journalists submitted their application on the ground that they had no chance to get justice within the domestic realm of Turkey after a local court refused to recognize a ruling by Constitutional Court in Ankara. The court ruled that the two journalists’ right to a fair trial was violated.

Both journalists were finally released, but it happened months after the ECHR’s involvement in the legal process.

A second clash took place when the ECHR urged Turkey to release Selahattin Demirtas, former co-chair of pro-Kurdish People’s Democracy Party (HDP), late last year. The Kurdish politician has remained behind bars since October 2016 and he faces up to 140 years in prison if he is convicted.

“The Court found that the judicial authorities had extended Mr Demirtas’ detention on grounds that could not be regarded as ‘sufficient’ to justify its duration,” the Strasbourg-based ECHR said in a statement.

The court’s call, however, fell on deaf ears in Turkey. President Erdogan sharply criticized ECHR and said it’s ruling was not binding for Turkey.

Kati Piri, the European Union’s Rapporteur on Turkey, noted that “His detention is of a political, not a criminal nature.”

On Nov. 30, the Turkish court ruled to keep the Kurdish politician, in disregard of the ECHR ruling.

The diplomatic tussle has not ceased since then. EU officials called on Turkey to implement ECHR ruling without delay. Timo Soini, the foreign minister of Finland which holds the presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (CoE), urged Turkey to respect the court’s decision.

“As the Committee of Ministers we are aware of this decision and have noted that ruling regarding violations. This is not the final decision; however, we expect that member countries note ECHR decisions and respect them. Again, we expect that member countries act in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights,’’ Euronews quoted Soini as saying on Jan. 22 this year.

Ankara’s blatant disregard of ECHR rulings, which are binding for Turkey’s domestic legal system, should reveal the state of the judiciary in Turkey. This must be a reference point for outside legal authorities when they face Ankara’s legal requests either regarding the extradition of dissidents or on other topics.

  1. D) Prosecution of Lawyers

In a country where the members of the judiciary were haunted like dangerous criminals, it would be difficult to assume the existence of judicial independence or the proper functioning of judicial affairs without political intervention. The HRW came up with a timely report that offers riveting details about how lawyers, who represent the cornerstone of any law system on earth, have been systematically targeted.

The government, the HRW noted, brings charges against lawyers who expose rights abuses with little or no evidence of their membership of terrorist organizations. It says:

“Courts have complied with the attack on the legal profession by sentencing lawyers to lengthy prison terms for terrorism on flimsy evidence and in trials that ignore fair procedure. The abusive prosecutions of lawyers have been accompanied by legal amendments that undermine the right to legal counsel for those arbitrarily detained on terrorism charges.”

The practice has sent a chilling echo among scholars and legal experts monitoring the breakdown of the legal system in Turkey.

“Putting hundreds of lawyers in jail and on trial, and restricting their ability to act for people in police custody and in court, shows the dire state of Turkey’s criminal justice system and should be of grave concern to everyone in Turkey and internationally,” Hugh Williamson, Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch, said after the release of the report. “Lawyers are central guarantors of the right to a fair trial and Turkey’s willingness to flout it over the past three years is deeply alarming,” the HRW website quoted the director as saying.

The problem is deeper than it is thought. According to a report by Arrested Lawyers Initiative, “1546 Turkish lawyers have been prosecuted and 598 lawyers have been arrested since 2016 July. And so far, 274 Turkish lawyers have been sentenced to 1762 years in prison by the first instance courts under article 314 of the Turkish Penal Code.”

Numbers reveal the depth and scale of the crackdown on Turkey’s lawyers.

The HRW report demonstrates that the equality between the prosecution and the defense has disappeared. The central targets of the post-coup crackdown were lawyers, who represent the members of the Gulen Movement, which was was designated as a terrorist outfit by the Turkish authorities, and the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), and some small far-left groups. In addition, authorities also target lawyers whom they believe to have any form of affiliation or link to the Movement, which bore the brunt of the clampdown following the putsch.

A lawyer in Ankara told the HRW how lawyers are being prosecuted relentlessly:

“For courts to see no distance between a lawyer and their client is a new development. If a lawyer defends a Kurd these days that makes him a Kurdish nationalist. If he defends a FETÖ suspect he is a FETÖ member. As a lawyer you meet your client in prison and you have no possibility of confidential communication since there’s a prison guard present, a microphone, and a camera. In court, the judges accept none of your requests, such as hearing independent expert witnesses. We are seeing eight-hour trial hearings which are purely symbolic and in which nothing is taken seriously. The courts are completely unresponsive to lawyers. There is no equality of arms left, no possibility of being able to look the judge in the eye.

Judges refuse lawyers’ requests for hearing witnesses or expert views that would help the defense at trials. The emergency rule declared in the aftermath of the coup also severely limited people’s right to legal defense and counsel. The emergency decrees removed the safeguards protecting the privacy of lawyer-client relationship.

The HRW report also exhibits the fact that how courts dismiss lawyers as unnecessary elements during trials:

“Lawyers have reported to Human Rights Watch that, in terrorism trials, courts have also become increasingly unresponsive to their petitions to have evidence critically examined or tested and to hear witnesses for the defense. They often see themselves as little more than “extras” in court hearings. Equality of arms between the prosecution and the defendant is severely undermined when the role of the defendant’s lawyer is unduly restricted and the adversarial aspects of trial proceedings are little more than a formality.”

There are more reports regarding this matter. Some of them were cited in previous sections, therefore this section will remain limited to these two leading reports demonstrating the mass prosecution of lawyers.

  1. E) Turkey’s Abuse of INTERPOL System

When Turkey’s domestic crackdown on opponents of all political affiliation and social conviction took global dimensions, Ankara’s requests for Interpol Red Notices inundated the system of the international police body. Turkey’s unrelenting demands, along with Venezuela, China, Iran and other authoritarian countries, began to overwhelm Interpol. As a result, Lyon-based Interpol struggles to cope with the staggering numbers of requests.

Turkey’s unceasing demands have created pitfalls and challenges for the international police body. A spat occurred when Interpol reportedly refused Ankara’s pursuit of Red Notices two years ago.

According to a report appeared on the Hurriyet Daily News in July 2017, Ankara tried to upload the names of 60,000 people, most of whom were perceived affiliated with Gulen Movement abroad, to Interpol’s system. The Turkish media reported that Interpol removed Turkey from its database after Ankara uploaded those 60,000 names. The media report subsequently elicited a denial from Interpol.

“Interpol supports each and every one of its 190 members as part of security cooperation benefits. No access block has been implemented in Interpol’s databases, including for those who have international warrants in Turkey,” the statement, issued by Interpol and quoted by Hurriyet Daily, said.

In the end, Interpol only blocked 60,000 entries from Turkey, but did not shut down Ankara’s full-scale access to the system. Yet, Interpol’s understandable attempt to soothe the nerves of Turkey did not clear the fog of controversy over the major conflict — the claim over the abuse of the system.

“This database works as an international criminal alert, notifying all 192 countries in the database that a person is wanted by police,” Jago Russell, the chief executive of London-based Fair Trials International, wrote in an op-ed commentary for Foreign Policy.

Russell contended that “entering 60,000 people into a database designed to help locate the most dangerous criminals on the planet is clearly an abuse of the system.” This becomes crystal clear when viewed together with the fact that “there were just under 13,000 new Red Notices across the globe” during the entire year of 2016.

The issue, however, as Russell noted, is not limited to Turkey. China and other countries face international criticism over credible allegations of abusing the system. But none of the countries come closer to Turkey in terms of pushing Interpol to the point of breakdown by demanding so many notices. Ankara’s opaque and vaguely-defined anti-terrorism laws create a constant clash with international organizations when Turkey treats its journalists, writer and dissidents in the same way it treats real criminals and terrorist suspects.

Ankara’s alleged abuse of Interpol first came to surface during 2017 summer when the Turkish authorities aggressively pursued a German-Turkish writer. Turkish-born author Dogan Akhanli was briefly detained in Madrid on Turkey’s warrant. His detention sparked a diplomatic spat between Germany and Turkey, while Spain was caught in the midst of a diplomatic tug of war over Ankara’s use of Interpol.

The only reason Akhanli wound up in a Spanish jail, many observers asserted, was his criticism of the Turkish government and his critical stance over sensitive historical matters such as the Armenian Genocide in 1915. After Germany’s intervention, the Spanish authorities released him but did not allow him to leave Madrid until a thorough review of Turkey’s extradition request.

The detention of Akhanli, however brief it might be, aroused widespread criticism and rekindled the debate over Ankara’s arbitrary use of Interpol’s Red Notice system. Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) Rapporteur Bernd Fabritius criticized Turkey for abusing Interpol. When asked by the press members in August 2017 about Akhanli’s arrest, German Chancellor Angela Merkel was equally open in her criticism. “We must not misuse international organizations like Interpol for such purposes,” Merkel told reporters.

Regarding Merkel’s remarks, Russell, speaking to The Globe Post after Akhanli’s arrest, noted that there were an emerging consensus and awareness over Turkey’s intentions in its use of Interpol notice system.

Earlier in August, Hamza Yalcin, a Swedish-Turkish reporter, also was detained in Spain after Ankara tried to secure his imprisonment through Interpol. Several other prominent Turkey’s dissident journalists experienced a similar ordeal when they were briefly detained in different parts of Europe over the same reason.

Interpol once again came under media spotlight when Ankara issued a Red Notice against Enes Kanter, an NBA star living in the U.S.

“Another flagrant abuse of the Interpol Red Notice system. Turkey seeks to arrest NBA player Enes Kanter for making disparaging remarks about Turkish President Erdogan. Interpol should firmly and publicly rebuke this politically motivated abuse ASAP,” Bill Browder, CEO Hermitage Capital, Head of Global Magnitsky Justice campaign and Author of Red Notice, tweeted on Jan. 16 this year. The Turkish attempt made Kanter cancel his participation in his team’s London tour over the fear of arrest in the U.K.

Interpol faces calls for reforming its internal review mechanism. The international police body is accused by critics of cozying up to the authoritarian governments, acquiescing to their legally controversial demands.

Fair Trials International, the London-based organization which assists victims of unjust criminal charges all over the world, tracks records of Interpol Red Notices. “A comprehensive 2013 study by Fair Trials details how Interpol’s internal review mechanism fails to differentiate between criminal cases and politically-motivated arrest warrants for dissidents,” The Globe Post reported in August 2017.

In his Foreign Policy article, Russell urges Interpol to be careful against countries’ attempts to abuse Red Notice system for political purposes to muzzle dissent and silence critical voices abroad. “If Interpol wishes to remain a trusted tool in the fight against crime,” Russell warned, “it must ensure that it is not abused by governments seeking to enforce political vendettas.”

Although Interpol took some important steps to fight against abuse attempts, countries, especially Turkey, cultivates new methods to circumvent Interpol’s mechanism. Ankara periodically releases “Terrorist Wanted” lists and pledges bounties to those who help the Turkish authorities to spot and locate the wanted suspects living in Europe. This new strategy pits Turkey against the European countries, which drag their feet in investigating and pursuing people, mostly dissident people, demanded by Ankara.

Turkey also manipulates Interpol to snatch opponents from some countries, which are more congenial to Ankara’s terms. Interpol’s communication system that allows members countries to contact with each other directly through the police body’s network was abused by the Turkish authorities in its abduction attempts.

After Turkey convinces a given country’s police officials, those officials refer Interpol communication system as the legal ground for justification when they acquiesced to Ankara’s demands for the extradition of critical opponents. When challenged by human rights activists and press members, the officials of the local country show Ankara’s request as the legal basis for justification. This allows Turkey to deflect international criticism.

 European countries coalesced around a new idea in the 1920s to bolster and coordinate their policing efforts on an international scale. The creation of the body allowed them to increase international police cooperation in order to overcome challenges produced by mutually exclusive national sovereignty and jurisprudence. The headquarters of Interpol was moved to Lyon, France, following the Second World War. It now has more than 190 member countries.

  1. F) British Court Rejects Turkey’s Extradition Request

A British court ruling in London last year threw credibility of the Turkish government’s extradition requests against dissident figures living abroad into serious jeopardy. Businessman Hamdi Akin Ipek, who found himself in the crosshairs of President Erdogan’s government for his past affiliation with Gulen Movement, is waging a legal battle in the U.K. to avoid extradition. His case and a recent court decision demonstrate the flawed nature of the bid by the Turkish authorities to have government critics extradited to Turkey. Ipek sought refuge in London before the attempted coup in 2016. He fled Turkey after the government seized Koza Ipek Media Group outlets in late 2015 and suspended all his assets. The takeover of multibillion-dollar companies played a key role in Ipek’s departure. Yet, his presence in London did not spare him from Ankara’s relentless efforts to get him extradited.

But the Turkish government’s efforts hit snags last year. Judge John Zani, who oversaw his case after the Turkish authorities brought the issue to a court, rejected extradition request of Ipek and three other Turkish nationals over the risk of serious mistreatment and lack of fair trial.

“I am persuaded… that there is substantial evidence that this request is politically motivated,” the judge said in his ruling.

“I am entirely satisfied that, by reason of their actual or perceived political views, coupled with the assertion by the Turkish authorities that they are part of the hierarchy of the Gulenist movement, each defendant before this court runs a real risk of Article 3 (of the Human Rights Act) breaches.”

The British court ruling would set a precedent. It also sets an example for other countries, which found themselves in a similar legal imbroglio after Ankara’s diplomatic push over the extradition of dissidents.

  1. G) Perils of Extradition

There is an abundance of cases that clearly illustrates the perils and risks rooted in compliance with Ankara’s requests for extradition of government opponents. The ongoing mass arrests of people on a daily basis shows no signs of winding down. Hundreds of people are imprisoned every week. The purge, even nine months after the end of emergency rule is an ever-present threat for public workers and members of the military.

So far now, as former Justice Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag boastingly noted, Turkey has snatched more than 80 people affiliated with Gulen Movement around the world. The number swelled more than 100 by the end of 2018.

“We’ll continue our battle against Gülen supporters who have seriously harmed our country socially, politically and economically, until we completely eradicate them,” President Erdogan said in July, according to Ahval.

Majority of these cases took place in dubious legal and diplomatic grounds. The Turkish intelligence agency, National Intelligence Organization (MIT), directly steered the process of illegal abductions and kidnappings of Gulen-related people from a number of countries, including Pakistan, Malaysia, Gabon, Kosovo, Moldova and Ukraine.

The case of Kacmaz family in Pakistan is one of the leading examples of the norm-defying and rule-bending approach of the Turkish authorities when it comes to targeting the perceived members of the Movement across the world.

“Mesut Kacmaz, his wife and two daughters were restrained, blindfolded and hustled into unmarked pickup trucks in Lahore last month by more than a dozen plainclothes security agents,” according to a witness, The Washington Post reported in October 2017. Kacmaz and his family members were sent back to Turkey over Ankara’s extradition request. But how the entire drama played out aroused international criticism and opprobrium. Given the fact that Kacmaz and his family were under the U.N. refugee protection, Pakistan’s willingness to collaborate with the Turkish officials came under media scrutiny.

Another attempt by the MIT to capture a number of teachers from Mongolia was foiled after media reported it and the plane carrying the abductees was grounded at the airport last summer.

“Turkey has maintained that it extradites suspected Gulenists only with the permission of the foreign governments concerned,” the New York Times reported then. But the case of education representative Veysel Akcay, who has lived in Mongolia for nearly 25 years, appears to cast doubt on that claim, the Times noted.

The extradition of teachers in Moldova plunged the tiny country into a political maelstrom. A detailed report by the AST last September documented how the Turkish intelligence played a key role in the incident. Ankara and the local collaborators from Moldovan security apparatus trampled on national and international laws to steer the process of snatching teachers.

The abduction of teachers linked with the Gulen Movement from Kosovo was another case point. The kidnappings in a Balkan country, which aspires to join the E.U., reveals the depth and reach of Turkey’s long arm to capture its dissidents from wherever they are.

The brazenness and recklessness of Turkey’s global purge do know no bounds and limits.

“Since before the coup attempt, but with frantic intensity since then, the Turkish state has been hunting its opponents abroad, especially those who belong to the Gulen movement. In at least 46 countries across four continents, Turkey has pursued an aggressive policy to silence its perceived enemies and has allegedly used Interpol as a political tool to target its opponents,” Nate Schenkkan from Washington-based Freedom House, wrote in an article for Foreign Affairs on Jan. 29, 2018.

At least 15 countries, including Angola, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bulgaria, Georgia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Myanmar, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Turkmenistan, as of January 2018 have either arrested or deported members of the movement, according to Schenkkan. After that date, Kosovo, Moldova and many other places joined those countries.

But as more and more reports by international media outlets emerged, the true depth of the Turkish government’s global operations has been laid bare. A group of 13 journalists from nine media organizations from eight countries banded together to investigate Turkey’s secret torture sites after the Turkish authorities kidnapped opponents from all around the world.

“In a near-repeat of the CIA’s ‘extraordinary renditions’, the regime of Turkish president Erdoğan is kidnapping dozens of members of the Gülen movement from around the world. Victims are now raising a serious accusation: secret torture sites are part of the repression,” CORRECTIV reported on December 11, in 2018.

But unlike the CIA and its ‘extraordinary rendition’ program set up after the 11 September terror attacks, Turkey makes no secret of its abductions, the joint study noted. “We will return to the country one by one those Gülenists who have fled and now think they’re safe, and we will hand them over to our justice system,” the report quoted Erdogan as saying.

It need not require a great deal of knowledge to realize that majority of the illegal kidnappings and controversial extraditions took place in countries where rule of law and judicial independence are not firmly entrenched but open to political machinations and influence. The threat has not receded since then.

“The global purge is a threat not just to the Turkish diaspora but to the rule of law everywhere,” Schenkkan concluded his article, expounding on the ramifications of Turkey’s relentless global haunt for the international order.

In addition to this direct and bold attempts, Ankara seeks alternative ways to do its bidding regarding extradition cases.

After the foreign countries dismissed Ankara’s extradition requests for dissidents on terrorism charges, finding such legal rationale as baseless and groundless in the face of political motivations, the Turkish government has employed a subtle set of measures to circumvent the potential legal obstacles for its extradition bids.

One of the tactics adopted by the Turkish government is this: If Ankara knows that its bid would falter to have someone extradited to Turkey, then the Turkish government comes up with a set of forged charges of petty crimes against a certain name.

For instance, F. Z. lives in New York and is wanted by Turkey. Instead of a direct extradition request, the Turkish prosecutors then launch a legal probe over allegations of a less serious crime back in Turkey. Even if that did not happen in Turkey, it would take time for the authorities in the U.S. to ascertain facts. The Turkish Justice Ministry sends dossiers to the U.S. counterparts. This protracted process would ruin F.Z.’s life in the U.S. as his asylum case faces suspension and a criminal investigation against him is launched by the U.S. prosecutors to confirm or reject the allegations laid against him. This would take time. In the meantime, the subject would fail to proceed in his life, would not launch a business or even get a driver license. The aim by Turkey is to give as much problem as possible to a government opponent and make his life in the U.S. an ordeal.

CONCLUSION

The crux of the matter is, as all of the arguments put forward above clearly demonstrate, that any extradition request from Ankara must be immediately rejected. This should be done so on the grounds elaborated in detail above. Credible reports by respected international organizations about the collapse of rule of law in Turkey, the assertion of political control over the judiciary, the arbitrary nature of post-coup trials, the lack of fair trial, the death of judicial independence, the mass prosecution of lawyers, the political nature of extradition requests offer ample evidence with regard to political machinations and intrigues that deeply rooted in Turkey’s global extradition efforts.

To put it succinctly,

  • Post-coup trials are political;
  • There is no judicial independence left;
  • There is a mass prosecution of lawyers, which means that defendants are unable to get adequate legal counsel and defense;
  • There is a high risk of mistreatment and torture
  • Turkey systematically abuses Interpol’s Red Notice system to get dissidents abroad;
  • Extradition is a highly risky endeavor and foreign countries must beware of political machinations embedded in Turkey’s bids;
  • There are ample evidence that show someone, if extradited to Turkey, would not get a fair trial, even would face torture

By all indications, the situation in Turkey’s domestic realm seems to be getting worse for dissidents, especially for those with perceived ties to the Gulen Movement. The constant threat of purge or kidnapping has become part and parcel of a new normal in many people’s daily life.

The threat against Gulen-affiliated people is much more profound and immediate. A new surge in enforced disappearances and abductions against the movement members is telling in this regard.

The government’s enmity toward this group indicates no signs of abating. What would await the members of the movement? Speaking days after the failed coup in July 2016, Turkey’s then-Economy Minister Nihat Zeybekci, if indiscreetly, disclosed what the government had in mind.

“We will punish them in a way that they will beg us to slaughter them to stop their suffering. We will let them beg for death.”

His words were (are) no idle threats. Although two years passed after the minister’s remarks, Turkey never lets up on its operations or persecution. The commitment to eradicate the movement at home and abroad remains a lasting element of Erdogan’s legacy and Turkey’s persistent diplomacy in the world. Another senior government official came up with a fresh threat against Gulen-related people, who live in the U.S.

Regardless of whether Turkey would follow them with deeds, Presidential Spokesperson Ibrahim Kalin’s threats of targeting Gulen sympathizers on the U.S. territory only comes as a re-assertion of the fact that Ankara would never abandon such thinking.

“Relevant units and institutions will continue their operations in countries where FETO operates, whether in the U.S. or another country,” NBC News quoted Kalin as saying. “The Turkish Republic will not let them rest.”

His disregard for potential spillover of any such attempt into the century-old Turkish-American relations reveals a prevalent mindset that guides Ankara’s foreign policy. His remarks matter because they illustrate the point about why foreign countries should be extra vigilant and attentive when they come to deal with Turkey’s legal extradition efforts.

There is another disturbing element in relation to the evolution of the coure of political events in Turkey. To shield both security personnel and its supporters from prosecution, the government passed a decree in December 2017. The decree granted immunity from prosecution to people who might have committed crimes on behalf of the government to ward off the threat against the political order. Its content also included acts perpetrated during the coup attempt.

According to critics, the government took the step to protect its supporters who embroiled in violent acts on July 15 and July 16.

The Bloomberg report summarized noted that the “emergency decree risks inciting political violence by giving legal cover to pro-government vigilantes, opposition parties and legal authorities warned.”

Bloomberg defined the decree as follows:

“The order, declared in the Official Gazette on Sunday, grants sweeping immunity for acting against terrorism or attempts to overthrow the government. Civilians won’t face legal consequences for actions against last year’s coup attempt — or more importantly — anything that could be considered its “continuation,” the decree said.”

That aside, the government’s embrace of mafia bosses like Sedat Peker, who keeps threatening Erdogan’s critics, reveals another troubling aspect of the new pervasive culture in Turkey. While academics get lengthy sentences and journalists rot in prison, convicted gang leaders are treated with respect by authorities. In his latest call this February, Peker called on Turkish citizens to purchase guns before the local elections.

After brief questioning, he was released by prosecutors without a need to refer him to court. The discrepancy between the treatment of law-abiding citizens and criminal figures is not lost on many people and stirs up resentment on social media.

In conclusion, before reviewing Ankara’s extradition requests, every country must keep in mind the prevailing political realities and conditions in Turkey. The E.U. candidate and NATO ally is no longer a country where rule of law exists. It is a country where the terror of purge and brutal political persecution reign while opponents and dissidents immensely suffer.

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly May 11

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_May 11

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations | 05/05/2019-05/11/2019

1-“Teacher who pleaded with gov’t to spare children’s lives vindicated by top Turkish court”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/09/teacher-who-pleaded-with-govt-to-spare-childrens-lives-vindicated-by-top-turkish-court/

2-“Turkey to build 43 prisons using funds from inmate labor”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/09/turkey-to-build-43-prisons-using-funds-from-inmate-labor/

3-“Incidents of gun violence in Turkey kill 3,000 people in 2 years: ministry”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/09/incidents-of-gun-violence-in-turkey-kill-3000-people-in-2-years-ministry/

4-“Turkey cancels press accreditation of 682 journalists in 4 months”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/09/turkey-cancels-press-accreditation-of-682-journalists-in-4-months/

5-“Turkish academic begins serving prison sentence for signing 2016 peace petition”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/08/turkish-academic-begins-serving-prison-sentence-for-signing-2016-peace-petition/

6-“Turkey holds thousands in solitary in Erdoğan’s prisons: report”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/08/turkey-holds-thousands-in-solitary-in-erdogans-prisons-report/

7-“Photo of woman in German language textbook doctored to include headscarf”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/08/photo-of-woman-in-german-language-textbook-doctored-to-include-headscarf/

8-“HDP deputies on hunger strike request official declaration ending Öcalan’s ‘isolation’”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/07/hdp-deputies-on-hunger-strike-request-official-declaration-ending-ocalans-isolation/

9-“36 women in Turkey murdered in April: report”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/06/36-women-in-turkey-murdered-in-april-report/

10-“Nearly 1,500 military members sacked by Turkish Defense Ministry in last 10 months”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/06/nearly-1500-military-members-sacked-by-turkish-defense-ministry-in-last-10-months/

11-“Turkey’s election board cancels İstanbul results, announces new polls on June 23”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/06/turkeys-election-board-cancels-istanbul-results-announces-new-polls-on-june-23/

12-“[VIDEO] Turkish philosophy teacher says wife had to give birth at home due to Erdogan’s witch-hunt”

https://turkeypurge.com/video-turkish-philosophy-teacher-says-wife-had-to-give-birth-at-home-due-to-erdogans-witch-hunt

13-“[VIDEO] 14 detained over Gulen links in Turkey’s Samsun”

https://turkeypurge.com/video-14-detained-over-gulen-links-in-turkeys-samsun

14-“DW: Turkish gov’t cancels press credentials of 682 journalists in 4 months”

https://turkeypurge.com/dw-turkish-govt-cancels-press-credentials-of-682-journalists-in-4-months

15-“2-year-old enters Mersin prison with mother arrested on coup charges: HDP deputy”

https://turkeypurge.com/2-year-old-enters-mersin-prison-with-mother-arrested-on-coup-charges-hdp-deputy

16-“Turkish academic enters prison for signing 2016 peace petition”

https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-academic-enters-prison-for-signing-2016-peace-petition

17-“Video purportedly shows Turkish soldiers torturing Kurdish villager in Afrin”

https://turkeypurge.com/video-purportedly-shows-turkish-soldiers-beat-kurdish-villager-in-afrin

18-“DW: Around 3,000 inmates are being kept in solitary confinement in Erdogan’s prisons”

https://turkeypurge.com/dw-around-3000-inmates-are-being-kept-in-solitary-confinement-in-erdogans-prisons

19-“Former Supreme Court judge sentenced to 12 years in jail in post-coup trial”

https://turkeypurge.com/former-supreme-court-judge-sentenced-to-11-years-in-jail-in-post-coup-trial-2

20-“Kütahya parent in pre-trial detention for 3 months on coup charges, 3-year old daughter left in the care of relatives: report”

https://turkeypurge.com/kutahya-parent-in-pre-trial-detention-for-3-months-on-coup-charges-3-year-old-daugter-left-in-care-of-relatives-report

21-“İstanbul police stifle iftar meal organized by dissident Anticapitalist Muslims”

https://turkeypurge.com/istanbul-police-stifle-iftar-meal-organised-by-dissident-anticapitalist-muslims

22-“Psychiatrist under investigation over therapy services to victims of Erdogan’s purge”

https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-prosecutor-sues-psychiatrist-for-therapy-services-to-victims-of-erdogans-purge

23-“2-year-old enters Mersin prison with mother arrested on coup charges: HDP deputy”

https://turkeypurge.com/2-year-old-enters-mersin-prison-with-mother-arrested-on-coup-charges-hdp-deputy

24-“Turkish academic enters prison for signing 2016 peace petition”

https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-academic-enters-prison-for-signing-2016-peace-petition

25-“Video purportedly shows Turkish soldiers torturing Kurdish villager in Afrin”

https://turkeypurge.com/video-purportedly-shows-turkish-soldiers-beat-kurdish-villager-in-afrin

26-“DW: Around 3,000 inmates are being kept in solitary confinement in Erdogan’s prisons”

https://turkeypurge.com/dw-around-3000-inmates-are-being-kept-in-solitary-confinement-in-erdogans-prisons

27-“Former Supreme Court judge sentenced to 12 years in jail in post-coup trial”

https://turkeypurge.com/former-supreme-court-judge-sentenced-to-11-years-in-jail-in-post-coup-trial-2

28-“Kütahya parent in pre-trial detention for 3 months on coup charges, 3-year old daughter left in the care of relatives: report”

https://turkeypurge.com/kutahya-parent-in-pre-trial-detention-for-3-months-on-coup-charges-3-year-old-daugter-left-in-care-of-relatives-report

29-“İstanbul police stifle iftar meal organized by dissident Anticapitalist Muslims”

https://turkeypurge.com/istanbul-police-stifle-iftar-meal-organised-by-dissident-anticapitalist-muslims

30-“Psychiatrist under investigation over therapy services to victims of Erdogan’s purge”

https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-prosecutor-sues-psychiatrist-for-therapy-services-to-victims-of-erdogans-purge

31-“The new depths of Erdogan’s autocracy”

https://www.economist.com/leaders/2019/05/11/the-new-depths-of-erdogans-autocracy

32-“Istanbul re-run is a risky strategy for Erdogan”

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-48190346

33-“Erdogan’s Long Arm in Europe”

https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/05/07/erdogans-long-arm-in-europe-germany-netherlands-milli-gorus-muslim-brotherhood-turkey-akp/

34-“In Istanbul Election Do-Over, Erdogan’s Opponents Unify”

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/07/world/europe/istanbul-election.html

35-“Baby accompanying mother in prison joins 700 other kids growing up behind bars”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/10/baby-accompanying-mother-in-prison-joins-700-other-kids-growing-up-behind-bars

36-“Turkish academic from French university arrested for terrorist propaganda”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/12/turkish-academic-from-french-university-arrested-for-terrorist-propaganda/

37-“3 Turkish journalists detained overnight in İstanbul”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/12/3-turkish-journalists-detained-overnight-in-istanbul/

38-“Turkish journalist assaulted in front of his house”

https://www.turkishminute.com/2019/05/12/turkish-journalist-assaulted-in-front-of-his-house/

Erdogan rejimi tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 05/05/2019-05/11/2019

1-“​Sürgündeki iki insan, farklı hikâyeler, ortak duygu: Özlem”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/surgundeki-iki-insan-farkli-hikayeler-ortak-duygu-ozlem-h132216.html

2-“Dünyayı ‘Ramazanlaştıran’ heyecan sosyal medyada”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/dunyayi-ramazanlastiran-heyecan-sosyal-medyada-h132347.html

3-“Konuşmacı olmadığı panelde ‘propaganda yapmak’ ile suçlanan barış akademisyeni tutuklandı”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/konusmaci-olmadigi-panelde-propaganda-yapmak-ile-suclanan-baris-akademisyeni-tutuklandi-h132333.html

4-“Gazeteci Demirağ’a evinin önünde hain saldırı”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/gazeteci-demiraga-evinin-onunde-hain-saldiri-h132318.html

5-“15 Temmuz şehidinin oğlu: Herkese PKK’lı dedikten sonra Öcalan’la el ele sandığa gitsinler”

http://www.tr724.com/15-temmuz-sehidinin-oglu-herkese-pkkli-dedikten-sonra-ocalanla-el-ele-sandiga-gitsinler/

6-“‘Senatör’ Sofuoğlu’ndan sanatçılara: Erdoğan sayesinde ünlü nankörlersiniz”

http://www.tr724.com/senator-sofuoglundan-sanatcilara-erdogan-sayesinde-unlu-nankorlersiniz/

7-“AYM kararından sonra Ayşe Öğretmen tahliye oldu”

http://www.tr724.com/anayasa-mahkemesinden-ayse-ogretmen-karari/

8-“Haluk Savaş: Beraat ettim, yurtdışı yasağım kalktı ama pasaportumu alamıyorum”

http://www.tr724.com/haluk-savasberaat-ettim-yurtdisi-yasagim-kalkti-ama-pasaportumu-alamiyorum/

9-“AntiKapitalist Müslümanlar’ın iftar sofrasına polis müdahale etti, İhsan Eliaçık yerde sürüklendi”

http://www.tr724.com/antikapitalist-muslumanlarin-iftar-sorfasina-polis-mudahale-etti-ihsan-eliacik-yerde-suruklendi/

10-“Asrın Hukuk Bürosu Abdullah Öcalan’la görüştüklerini açıkladı”

http://www.tr724.com/asrin-hukuk-burosu-abdullah-ocalanla-gorustuklerini-acikladi/

11-“Şırnak’ta çatışma; 2 asker şehit oldu”

http://www.tr724.com/sirnakta-catisma-2-asker-sehit-oldu/

12-“Diyarbakır’da tutuklu anneleri yine darp edilerek ters kelepçeyle gözaltına alındı”

http://www.tr724.com/diyarbakirda-tutuklu-anneleri-yine-darp-edilerek-ters-kelepceyle-gozaltina-alindi/

13-“Iğdır’da çatışma: 1 asker şehit oldu”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/igdirda-catisma-1-asker-sehit-oldu-h132287.html

14-“Bahçeli’nin ‘artık sevemem’ dediği Cem Yılmaz’ın sevenleri sosyal medyayı salladı”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/bahcelinin-artik-sevemem-dedigi-cem-yilmazin-sevenleri-sosyal-medyayi-salladi-h132336.html

15-“‘Anneler Günü çocuklarımızın açlık grevinden çıktığı gündür’”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/anneler-gunu-cocuklarimizin-aclik-grevinden-ciktigi-gundur-h132325.html

16-“Ayşe Öğretmen: Kızımı unutup, cezaevindeki bebeklere kahroldum”

http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/ayse-ogretmen-kizimi-unutup-cezaevindeki-bebeklere-kahroldum-h132323.html

17-“Kanser hastası KHK’lıya ilaç işkencesi: Bir gün veriliyor diğer gün kesiliyor”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/kanser-hastasi-khkliya-ilac-iskencesi-bir-gun-veriliyor-diger-gun-kesiliyor-h132280.html

18-“Ailece tutukluluk dönemi: Anne ve babasının ardından Betül bebek de cezaevinde”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/ailece-tutukluluk-donemi-anne-ve-babasinin-ardindan-betul-bebek-de-cezaevinde-h132239.html

19-“KHK’lılara psikolojik destek vermek de suç sayıldı”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/khklilara-psikolojik-destek-vermek-de-suc-sayildi-h132054.html

20-“’Bugüne kadar hep sustum ama artık yetti’”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/bugune-kadar-hep-sustum-ama-artik-yetti-h132063.html

21-“Erdoğan rejiminin cezaevi ölümlerine bir yenisi daha eklendi”

http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/erdogan-rejiminin-cezaevi-olumlerine-bir-yenisi-daha-eklendi-h132027.html

22-“’Hücrede ölümler’ gözleri sayıları gizlenen hücre mahkumlarına çevirdi”

http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/hucrede-olumler-gozleri-sayilari-gizlenen-hucre-mahkumlarina-cevirdi-h132283.html

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Hundreds of young Turkish children jailed alongside their moms as part of a post-coup crackdown

It was a snowy January morning in Istanbul last year when Ayse, a 32-year-old primary school teacher and mother of two, kissed the kids goodbye at school and headed home.

She didn’t make it to her front door before she was surrounded by seven policemen, accused of membership in a terrorist organization, handcuffed and taken away. Two months after being jailed, Ayse was joined behind bars by her youngest son, Ali, then just 4 years old.

For another four months, she said, their lives unfolded like a horror movie. Built to hold 10 people, Ayse said, her cell was packed with 23 detainees. She remembers babies unable to get vaccines, and burning themselves with hot tea. She remembers, too, the traumatic cries at night.

“Loud music blared through our ward every morning, every morning I would wake up scared with my son,” she told Fox News in a recent interview from a refugee camp in Greece. “The ward was a very dangerous place for children. Our bunks were iron. One baby there was learning to walk and hit his head badly, other children were screaming. It was an incredibly difficult time.”

The case of Ayse and Ali is hardly unique. Based on monitoring government decrees and other reports from official sources, by the end of August 2017, advocacy groups had highlighted some 668 cases of children under the age of 6 being held in jails with their mothers. And 23 percent of those youngsters were infants less than a year old.

Several thousand children ages 6-18 are also being held.

Turkey’s Justice Ministry provided a somewhat lower figure, stating that a total of 560 children under the age of 6 were being held in Turkish prisons along with their mothers.

Mothers and their children continue to be rounded up with tens of thousands of other Turks following the July 2016 coup attempt against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The country has, since that attempt, been in a legal “state of emergency,” one that allows the government to jail anyone believed to have ties to exiled cleric Fethullah Gulen and his Hizmet movement.

Whatever the number of prisoners, “prison is no place for children in any civilized country,” said Dr. Alan Mendoza, executive director of the Henry Jackson Society, a British foreign policy think tank, He called the policy of jailing mothers and children without charge “a travesty of justice” that will have “lasting effects on the lives of innocent children.”

Other critics of Turkey’s policy noted that the imprisoned women and children were victims of guilt by association.

“What is striking about detained women since the failed coup is that some of them are simply wives or children of suspects, but not suspects themselves. This amounts to collective punishment,” said Merve Tahiroglu, a research analyst with the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, a Washington-based nonpartisan institute focusing on national security.

Ugar Tok, director of the Belgium-based Platform for Peace and Justice (PPJ), a human rights monitoring group focused on Turkey, said it can take six to 10 months of detention before the women in jail can stand in court. In the meantime, “the government prevents detainees from accessing lawyers and files in order to defend themselves.”

According to the World Prison Brief, as of October of last year, women comprised 4.4 percent of Turkey’s prison population. The official number of females behind bars is just under 10,000, but Tok estimates the numbers could be as high as 17,000.

Kam, a 34-year-old university teacher in İzmir Province at the time of her arrest in October 2016, said she was held for two months for investing – as thousands of other Turks have – in the Gulen-affiliated Bank Asya. She was kept in a cell with her 7-month-old son and two other babies, where they were prohibited from crawling on the floor. Toys were also prohibited, she said, and at times they could not access clean water.

“We were all treated like terrorists, we were isolated,” Kam told Fox News from Germany, where she and her family are now refugees. “We were all humiliated. … I don’t know what was worse, to have my baby in the prison or to have my other son, who was 11, outside the prison. When I saw him, he was changing.”

Case summaries and photographs viewed by Fox News, provided by international human rights investigators and lawyers, bring the grim statistics to life. They showed babies still on jail floors, with no play areas or facilities; women with chunks of hair ripped from their scalp in alleged prison mistreatment; and dozens of infants smiling before being whisked away to detention, where many are believed to remain.

Nurhayat Yildiz, 27, a housewife expecting twins, was arrested on Aug. 29, 2016, after boarding a bus from the northern Turkish province of Sinop, headed for her 14-week checkup. Nurhayat was detained and charged with Hizmet membership – because she allegedly had a popular encrypted messaging app, ByLock, on her phone. The Turkish government believes members involved in the coup attempt communicated through ByLock, and despite the app being commercially available to anyone, the government has systematically rounded up thousands of those who have it.

Yildiz’s supporters say she didn’t even have the app on her phone. In any case, at 19 weeks, on Oct. 6 that year, the first time mom-to-be suffered a devastating miscarriage behind bars.

“Nurhayat lost her dreams,” a prominent Turkish legal activist with Washington-based Advocates for Silenced Turkey (AST), who recently fled to California and requested anonymity for the safety of her relatives in Turkey, told Fox News. “And now she is suffering immense psychological problems, she barely talks. Her twins never got to live.”

Then there are stories like that of Filiz Yavuz, who was suddenly arrested – taken in a wheelchair – just eight hours after giving birth at a maternity hospital in the southeastern province of Mersin on Feb. 7, 2017.

“The police came for me at 3 in the morning. They said I was a terrorist because someone in my dormitory room from 2008 gave them my name,” Nur, 27, a human rights lawyer who was once a student at the Ankara University Faculty of Law, recalled of that frightful morning on Jan. 18, 2017. That’s when she was whisked from her home in the city of Eskisehir to a dark detention cell.

Nur considers herself one of the lucky ones. She was released by a judge after five days due to her severe asthma and a heart condition. She quickly boarded a smugglers’ boat. Today, Nur – from the safety of the United States – is trying to draw attention to the plight of other detained moms, their children and other of pregnant women who she says have suffered miscarriages amid the psychological ordeal of arrest and captivity.

Turkey’s Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior did not respond to a request for comment for this story.

Turkish officials have consistently defended the widespread arrest and detention of thousands of Turkish citizens, including women and children, as vital to national security. They also insist that the detainees are being held in compliance with international law.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which monitors the health and well-being of detainees in crisis spots around the world, confirmed it is not currently present in Turkey, and thus cannot monitor the situation.

But that situation remains a cause of concern for many human rights groups, which routinely spotlight the seemingly arbitrary detainment of Turkish citizens.

“ Following the coup attempt in July 2016, tens of thousands of people have been detained. The vast majority are not accused of participating in the events of the coup and in many cases that Amnesty International has examined there is no credible evidence of criminal acts,” a spokesperson for that group told Fox News.

Source:
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/02/13/hundreds-young-turkish-children-jailed-alongside-their-moms-as-part-post-coup-crackdown.html

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At Least 3 Victims Of Erdoğan’s Persecution Targeting Gülen Movement Drowned As Trying To Cross River Between Turkey And Greece

At least three victims of the massive post-coup persecution of Turkish government, led by autocratic President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, targeting the alleged members of the Gülen movement, have reportedly drowned on Tuesday morning as they were trying to cross the Meriç/Evros river between Turkey and Greece.

Eight Turkish citizens, including 3 children, 2 women and 3 man, have been missed after their rubber boat capsized in Meriç/Evros river on the border between Turkey and Greece on Tuesday. The bodies of the two drowned brothers, estimated to be aged around 11 and 3, and their mother were discovered.

The names of the victims are 37-year-old Ayşe (Söyler) Abdurrezzak from Havran district of Balıkesir province, her sons 3-year-old Halil Münir Abdurrezzak, who was born in Maltepe district of İstanbul and 11-year-old Abdul Kadir Enes Abdurrezzak.

It was learned that contact with the 8 people has been lost at 5 a.m. on Tuesday morning as they were trying to fled from Turkey to Greece via Meriç/Evros river. Uğur Abdurrezzak, the bodies of his wife and his children were found, is still missing.

Ayşe Söyler Abdurrezzak, who was graduated from Turkish Language Department of İstanbul’s Marmara University in 2005 and used to work as a teacher. She and her teacher husband were dismissed by a government decree under the rule of emergency as they were working at a school in Kartepe district of Kocaeli province in the wake of a controversial coup attempt on July 15, 2016.

It was also learned that Doğan Family was accompanying the Abdurrezzak Family on the rubber boat as they were crossing the Meriç/Evros river and the members of the family, Fahreddin Doğan, his wife Aslı Doğan and the couple’s 2,5-year-old son İbrahim Selim Doğan are still missing.

Turkey’s state-run Anadolu news agency (AA) has reported previously that the emergency services are searching for up to 10 migrants reported missing after a boat capsized in a river that flows along the Turkish-Greek border. According to the report, the emergency services were alerted on Tuesday by border guards who heard cries for help from the river, known as Meriç in Turkish and Evros in Greek.

The report said between eight and 10 migrants, including women and children, were trying to cross into Greece aboard the rubber boat, which was found punctured.

Thousands of refugees and migrants enter Greece every year from Turkey on their way to Europe. Most choose the sea crossing in flimsy smuggling boats to the eastern Aegean islands. However, Evros has also been used for passage from Turkey to Greece.

In recent years, beside of refugees from other countries using Turkey as a transit route, some Turkish citizens who had to fled Turkey due to a massive witch-hunt launched by the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) government against sympathizers of the Gülen movement in the wake of a failed coup attempt on July 15, 2016, have also used the same route. Many tried to escape Turkey via illegal ways as the government canceled their passports like thousands of others.

Turkey survived a controversial military coup attempt on July 15, 2016, that killed 249 people. Immediately after the putsch, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government along with Turkish autocratic President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan pinned the blame on the Gülen movement.

Gülen, who inspired the movement, strongly denied having any role in the failed coup and called for an international investigation into it, but President Erdoğan — calling the coup attempt “a gift from God” — and the government initiated a widespread purge aimed at cleansing sympathizers of the movement from within state institutions, dehumanizing its popular figures and putting them in custody.

Turkey has suspended or dismissed more than 150,000 judges, teachers, police and civil servants since July 15. Turkey’s Interior Minister announced on December 12, 2017 that 55,665 people have been arrested. Previously, on December 13, 2017, The Justice Ministry announced that 169,013 people have been the subject of legal proceedings on coup charges since the failed coup.

Source:
https://stockholmcf.org/two-child-migrants-die-others-reported-missing-during-river-crossing-between-turkey-and-greece/

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly Feb 12

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_Feb 12

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations | 2/5/2018-2/12/2018

1-“[VIDEO] Pro-Erdogan presenter says Cumhuriyet journalists deserve to be executed for their Afrin coverage”
https://turkeypurge.com/pro-erdogan-presenter-says-cumhuriyet-journalists-deserve-murdered-afrin-coverage

2-“Businessman caught using fake ID to survive post-coup witch-hunt”
https://turkeypurge.com/businessman-caught-using-fake-id-survive-post-coup-witch-hunt

3-“Journalist, already under over coup charges, gets 2.5-year prison sentence for insulting Erdogan”
https://turkeypurge.com/journalist-already-coup-charges-gets-2-5-year-prison-sentence-insulting-erdogan

4-“38,500 prisoners convicted over Gülen links: minister”
https://turkeypurge.com/38500-prisoners-convicted-gulen-links-minister

5-“[VIDEO] Academics, doctors detained while watching Gülen speech”
https://turkeypurge.com/video-academics-doctors-detained-watching-gulen-speech

6-“Turkey issues detention warrant for another pro-Kurdish HDP deputy”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkey-issues-detention-warrant-another-pro-kurdish-hdp-deputy

7-“Another ‘Gülenist’ dies of heart attack in prison: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/another-gulenist-dies-heart-attack-prison-report

8-“NASA scientist sentenced to 7 years in jail over coup charges”
https://turkeypurge.com/nasa-scientist-sentenced-7-years-jail-coup-charges

9-“Report shows number of rights violations increased during OHAL in Turkey”
https://turkeypurge.com/report-shows-number-rights-violations-increased-ohal-turkey

10-“US ‘deeply concerned’ by conviction of NASA scientist Serkan Golge”
https://turkeypurge.com/us-deeply-concerned-conviction-nasa-scientist-serkan-golge

11-“Warrants issued for 17 former Gazi University staffers: 11 detained”
https://turkeypurge.com/warrants-issued-17-former-gazi-university-staffers-11-detained

12-“Wives of 13 dismissed police officers under custody”
https://turkeypurge.com/wives-13-dismissed-police-officers-custody

13-“[VIDEO] Former law faculty dean detained over Gülen links”
https://turkeypurge.com/video-former-law-faculty-dean-detained-gulen-links

14-“University student jailed for insulting Erdogan two years ago”
https://turkeypurge.com/university-student-jailed-insulting-erdogan-two-years-ago

15-“European Parliament urges Turkey to end post-coup emergency rule”
https://turkeypurge.com/european-parliament-urges-turkey-end-post-coup-emergency-rule

16-“Turkey to confiscate billion-dollar holding over coup charges: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkey-confiscate-billion-dollar-holding-coup-charges-report

17-“Teacher couple detained after speaking out during interview by Finland’s state broadcaster”
https://turkeypurge.com/teacher-couple-detained-interview-finnish-state-broadcaster-yle

18-“Turkish prisons at 13 percent overcapacity: lawmaker”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-prisons-13-percent-overcapacity-lawmaker

19-“Books, magazines by anti-gov’t Furkan foundation seized as criminal evidence”
https://turkeypurge.com/books-magazines-anti-govt-furkan-foundation-seized-criminal-evidence

20-“Journalist Cem Bahtiyar jailed pending trial over terror charges”
https://turkeypurge.com/journalist-cem-bahtiyar-jailed-pending-trial-terror-charges

21-“Enes Kanter faces 4 years in jail for ‘insulting’ Turkish basketball federation head”
https://turkeypurge.com/enes-kanter-faces-4-years-jail-insulting-turkish-basketball-federation-head

22-“Erzurum tea house temporarily closed over Kurdish-language song”
https://turkeypurge.com/erzurum-tea-house-temporarily-closed-kurdish-language-song

23-“Chemistry teacher gets 10-year jail time over Gulen links”
https://turkeypurge.com/chemistry-teacher-gets-10-year-jail-time-gulen-links

24-“64 military academy students, officers sentenced to life in prison over coup charges”
https://turkeypurge.com/64-military-academy-students-officers-sentenced-life-prison-coup-charges

25-“Vision-impaired journalist, under arrest for 7 months, denied access to Braille books in prison”
https://turkeypurge.com/vision-impaired-journalist-arrest-6-months-denied-access-braille-books-prison

26-“Turkish LGBT activist goes on hunger strike in support of transgender woman jailed in Tekirdağ”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-lgbt-activist-goes-hunger-strike-support-transgender-woman-jailed-tekirdag

27-“Turkish activist detained in southeast Turkey: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-activist-detained-southeast-turkey-report

28-“Labour Party Bursa head put in pre-trial detention: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/labour-party-bursa-head-put-pre-trial-detention-report

29-“Video purportedly shows Turkish soldiers beat Kurdish villager in Afrin”
https://turkeypurge.com/video-purportedly-shows-turkish-soldiers-beat-kurdish-villager-afrin

30-“Dear Osman, dear Ahmet, dear Selahattin – speech in EP Plenary, Joint debate Turkey”
https://silencedturkey.org/kati-piris-speech-in-ep-plenary-joint-debate-on-turkey

31-“US Politician Margo Davidson Reflects On Her Visit To Turkish Refugees In Greece”
https://stockholmcf.org/us-politician-margo-davidson-reflects-on-her-visit-to-turkish-refugees-in-greece/

32-“Survey: 1,2 Million People Victimised By Emergency Rule In Turkey”
https://stockholmcf.org/survey-12-million-people-victimised-by-emergency-rule-in-turkey-2/

33-“US Consulate Hands Staff Member Over To Turkish Authorities”
https://stockholmcf.org/us-consulate-hands-staff-member-over-to-turkish-authorities/

34-“İstanbul’s Former Governor Mutlu Sentenced To 3 Years In Prison Over Gülen Links”
https://stockholmcf.org/istanbuls-former-governor-mutlu-sentenced-to-3-years-in-prison-over-gulen-links/

35-“Female Journalists Say Turkish Police Beat Them, Threatened Rape During Raid”
https://stockholmcf.org/female-journalists-say-turkish-police-beat-them-threatened-rape-during-raid/

36-“Religious Group Leader Critical Of Turkish Government Put In Pretrial Detention”
https://stockholmcf.org/religious-group-leader-critical-of-turkish-government-put-in-pretrial-detention/

37-“No Freedom Of Speech In Turkey Even For The Robots”
https://stockholmcf.org/no-freedom-of-speech-in-turkey-even-for-the-robots/

38-“European Parliament Strongly Condemns Human Rights Violations In Turkey”
https://stockholmcf.org/european-parliament-strongly-condemns-human-rights-violations-in-turkey/

39-“Turkish Gov’t Detains Dozens, Including Former Top Judiciary Official, Over Alleged Links To Gülen Movement”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-govt-detains-dozens-including-former-top-judiciary-official-over-alleged-links-to-gulen-movement/

40-“Only 1 released in trial of jailed journalists facing coup charges”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2018/02/06/only-1-released-in-trial-of-jailed-journalists-facing-coup-charges/

Türkiye tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 2/5/2018-2/12/2018

1-“Cezaevlerinde taciz edilen de var, banyosuna kamera yerleştirilen de”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevlerinde-taciz-edilen-de-var-banyosuna-kamera-yerlestirilen-de-h111981.html

2-“AKP rejimi tutuklu ‘Verem’ hastasına raporlara rağmen ilaç vermiyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/akp-rejimi-tutuklu-verem-hastasina-raporlara-ragmen-ilac-vermiyor-h111909.html

3-“Ümit Horzum ve diğer kaçırılanlara ne oldu?”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/umit-horzum-ve-diger-kacirilanlara-ne-oldu-h111887.html

4-“UNICEF: 2018’in ilk ayında Suriye’de en az 60 çocuk öldürüldü”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/unicef-2018in-ilk-ayinda-suriyede-en-az-60-cocuk-olduruldu-h111795.html

5-“AİHM’den Cizre savunması talebine AKP yönetiminden skandal cevap!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/aihmden-cizre-savunmasi-talebine-akp-yonetiminden-skandal-cevap-h111772.html

6-“TEM’de bebekler ve anneler çok kötü şartlarda gözaltında tutuluyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/temde-bebekler-ve-anneler-cok-kotu-sartlarda-gozaltinda-tutuluyor-h111732.html

7-“Hak ihlalleri son 13 yılda yüzde 571 arttı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/hak-ihlalleri-son-13-yilda-yuzde-571-artti-h112049.html

8-“AYM, Avukata ceza veren mahkemenin hak ihlalinde bulunduğunu açıkladı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/aym-avukata-ceza-veren-mahkemenin-hak-ihlalinde-bulundugunu-acikladi-h112013.html

9-“Cep telefonunda Gülen’in videolarını izlediği gerekçesiyle gözaltı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/cep-telefonunda-gulenin-videolarini-izledigi-gerekcesiyle-gozalti-h112008.html

10-“Tutuklu kadın gazeteci Hanım Büşra Erdal için destek mektubu var”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/tutuklu-kadin-gazeteci-hanim-busra-erdal-icin-destek-mektubu-var-h112002.html

11-“Erdoğan rejiminin yatırımları: 140 yeni hapishane yapılıyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/erdogan-rejiminin-yatirimlari-140-yeni-hapishane-yapiliyor-h111927.html

12-“Skandal karar! Polis genç kadına tecavüz etti mahkeme beraat kararı verdi”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/skandal-karar-polis-genc-kadina-tecavuz-etti-mahkeme-beraat-karari-verdi-h111917.html

13-“Alparslan Kuytul, adliyeye sevk edildi; binlerce gönüllü bekliyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/alparslan-kuytul-adliyeye-sevk-edildi-binlerce-gonullu-bekliyor-h111901.html

14-“Erdoğan’a hakaretten üniversite öğrencisi tutuklandı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/erdogana-hakaretten-universite-ogrencisi-tutuklandi-h111875.html

15-“Oxfam açıkladı: Binlerce kişi sınırda mahsur kaldı, ÖSO haraç alıyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/oxfam-acikladi-binlerce-kisi-sinirda-mahsur-kaldi-oso-harac-aliyor-h111789.html

16-“AKP rejimi Furkan Vakfı’nın temsilciliklerini bir gecede mühürledi!”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/akp-rejimi-furkan-vakfinin-temsilciliklerini-bir-gecede-muhurledi-h111784.html

17-“Alperen Ocakları’nın LGBTİ’leri tehdidi ‘ifade özgürlüğü’ sayıldı”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/alperen-ocaklarinin-lgbtileri-tehdidi-ifade-ozgurlugu-sayildi/

18-“Çocuk tacizcisi polise 40 yıl hapis cezası”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/cocuk-tacizcisi-polise-40-yil-hapis-cezasi/

19-“Cezaevlerinde hak ihlalleri raporu: Ters kelepçe, cinsel taciz…”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/cezaevlerinde-hak-ihlalleri-raporu-ters-kelepce-cinsel-taciz/

20-“Cemaat’ten 40 bin, PKK’dan 10 bin, IŞİD’den bin kişi içerde”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/cezaevinde-kalamaz-raporuna-karsin-tahliye-edilmeyen-mahkum-yasamini-yitirdi-h111653.html

21-“NASA çalışanı ABD vatandaşı Serkan Gölge’ye 8 yıl hapis cezası”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/nasa-calisani-abd-vatandasi-golgeye-8-yil-hapis-cezasi/

22-“‘Afrin’de tüm hastaneler dolu, ilaçlar tükenmek üzere’”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/afrinde-tum-hastaneler-dolu-ilaclar-tukenmek-uzere/

23-“Firari Hukuk Fakültesi Dekanı Prof. Şen yakalandı, tutuklandı”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/firari-hukuk-fakultesi-dekani-prof-sen-yakalandi-tutuklandi/

24-“Cumhuriyet çalışanlarını ‘katletmek’ mübah mıdır?”
http://www.diken.com.tr/cumhuriyet-calisanlarini-katletmek-mubah-midir/

25-“Oxford’da öğretim üyeliği: Murat Belge ‘Risk Altındaki Akademisyenler Konseyi’ne başvurdu”
http://www.diken.com.tr/oxfordda-ogretim-uyeligi-murat-belge-risk-altindaki-akademisyenler-konseyine-basvurdu/

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The Freedom House concludes Turkey is no more a free country. What is next?

The Freedom House concludes Turkey is no more a free country. What is next?

A new report released by the independent, non-profit and non-partisan watchdog organization Freedom House concluded that democratic principles such as election integrity and freedom of the press, political and civil rights have severely downgraded in Turkey that is no longer ‘a free country.’ The study added that Turkey’s status declined from Partly Free to Not Free due to a deeply flawed constitutional referendum that centralized power in the presidency, the mass replacement of elected mayors with government appointees, arbitrary prosecutions of rights activists and other perceived enemies of the state, and continued purges of state employees, all of which have left citizens hesitant to express their views on sensitive topics.

The Freedom House has been publishing annual reports since 1973 for assessing the condition of political rights and civil liberties around the world.

It has been a great source for scholars and academics since then. Their methodology is very strong and reliable. Their ranking provides a snapshot of the world and political circumstances in each state. It has always been interpreted seriously by international organizations and financial institutions as well.

The report noted that Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan broadened and intensified the crackdown on his perceived opponents that began after a failed 2016 coup attempt. In addition to its dire consequences for detained Turkish citizens, shuttered media outlets, and seized businesses, the chaotic purge has become intertwined with an offensive against the Kurdish minority, which in turn has fueled Turkey’s diplomatic and military interventions in neighboring Syria and Iraq.

According to Freedom House, which analyzed data from 195 countries over the 2017 calendar year, Turkey’s passage over the threshold from Partly Free to Not Free is the culmination of a long and accelerating slide in Freedom in the World.

‘The country’s score has been in free fall since 2014 due to an escalating series of assaults on the press, social media users, protesters, political parties, the judiciary, and the electoral system, as President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan fights to impose personalized control over the state and society in a deteriorating domestic and regional security environment. Erdoğan has pushed out his rivals and former allies within the ruling party, reshaped media ownership to fit his needs, and rammed through an unpopular constitutional referendum to create a “super-presidential” system without meaningful checks and balances.’

The study also noted that President Erdogan’s response to the July 2016 coup attempt has become a sprawling witch hunt, resulting in the arrest of some 60,000 people, the closure of over 160 media outlets, and the imprisonment of over 150 journalists. The leaders of the third-largest party in the parliament are in prison, and nearly 100 mayors across the country have been replaced through emergency measures or political pressure from the president. The government has even pressed its crackdown beyond. Turkey’s borders, triggering a flood of Interpol “red notice” requests to detain critics abroad, among other effects.

How will the report affect the Asylum seekers?

Since the controversial coup attempt, thousands of military officials, government officials, academics, and civilians have been detained, arrested or fired from their positions. The purge has led to a large number of these individuals to flee Turkey and seek asylum elsewhere.

It is safe to analyze that The Freedom House report will have major consequences on several issues especially asylum applications of thousands of people since the report extensively provided all the necessary data about the failure of democracy in Turkey. The report which confirmed Turkey’s passage over the threshold from ‘Partly Free to Not Free’ is considered both essential and useful for the court processes of the Asylum applications.

How should NATO respond?

A core principle of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is that member states adhere to democratic values. Here is how NATO defines its core principle and the purpose of its very existence:

‘NATO’s purpose is to guarantee the freedom and security of its members through political and military means. POLITICAL – NATO promotes democratic values and enables members to consult and cooperate on defense and security-related issues to solve problems, build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.’

As a democratic security organization, NATO should clarify its stance and policies towards Turkey, which is openly defined as a non-democracy and not-free? Can NATO promote democratic values while one of its biggest members is already defined a dictatorship by non-partisan international organizations?

The recent study by the Freedom House which reports the decline in Turkey’s human rights record may cause some U.S. lawmakers and decision makers to question the country’s NATO membership.

ECtHR appears as a new venue

The shocking lower court rulings of the last several days rejecting the authority of Turkey’s Constitutional Court to hear individual applications has also been considered as the end of the rule of law in Turkey. This new episode in Turkish judiciary will lead the Turkish citizens who seek legal recourse to violations of their rights at European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) which still remains a proper venue that they should pursue. The recent study by The Freedom House can definitely be used as a source by the Turkish citizens to strengthen their cases at the ECtHR despite the fact that the ruling processes of the Court may take so long.


Download as a PDF File: AST_Turkey_is_no_longer_free_country_what_is_next

 

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly Nov. 13

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_Nov13

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly | 11/06/2017 – 11/13/2017

1-“1,025 in poor health in Turkish prisons, 357 seriously ill: rights group”
https://turkeypurge.com/1025-turkish-prisons-poor-health-357-seriously-ill-rights-group

2-“‘The threats continue’: Murder of retired couple chills fellow activists in Turkey
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/18/the-threats-continue-of-retired-couple-chills-fellow-activists-in-turkey?CMP=share_btn_tw

3-“Turkey: Arrest of Civil Society Leader Arbitrary, Punitive”
https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/11/02/turkey-arrest-civil-society-leader-arbitrary-punitive

4-“Turkey jails journalists Gündem, Gönültaş and Kılıç”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/08/turkey-jails-journalists-gundem-gonultas-and-kilic/

5-“Detention warrants issued for 88 more military personnel over Gülen links”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/07/detention-warrants-issued-for-88-more-military-personnel-over-gulen-links/

6-“Minister: 2,274 Gülen-linked private educational institutions closed since coup attempt”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/07/minister-2274-gulen-linked-private-educational-institutions-closed-since-coup-attempt/

7-“Erdoğan admits trapping Gülen movement people”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/07/erdogan-admits-trapping-gulen-movement-people/

8-“Kaçmaz family deportation case: LHC seeks record of CAA”
https://en.dailypakistan.com.pk/pakistan/kacmaz-family-deportion-case-lhc-seeks-record-of-caa-record-of-13-14-october/

9-” Court Of Appeals Approves 6-Month Sentence For Turkish Fashion Designer”
https://stockholmcf.org/court-of-appeals-approves-6-month-sentence-for-turkish-fashion-designer/

10-” Turkish Security Forces’ Abandoned Ammunitions Kill 18 Children In Last 20 Months”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-security-forces-abandoned-ammunitions-kill-18-children-in-last-20-months/

11-“Exiled Journalist Reveals Systematic Mass Torture, Abuse Targeting Turkey’s Military Staff”
https://stockholmcf.org/exiled-journalist-reveals-systematic-mass-torture-abuse-targeting-turkeys-military-staff/

12-” Turkey’s Pro-Erdoğan Thugs Launch A Campaign Of Insult Targeting Those Who Have To Live In Exile”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkeys-pro-erdogan-thugs-launch-a-campaign-of-insult-targeting-those-who-have-to-live-in-exile/

13-“Briefly detained teacher blacklisted, denied notary service to sell car”
https://turkeypurge.com/briefly-detained-teacher-blacklisted-denied-notary-service-sell-car

14-“Emotional reunion of son, journalist father after 174 days in Turkish prison”
https://turkeypurge.com/watch-emotional-reunion-son-journalist-father-174-days-turkish-prison

15-“Turkish police detain president of the Progressive Lawyers’ Association”
https://turkeypurge.com/breaking-turkish-police-detain-president-progressive-lawyers-association

16-“WSJ: Turkey proposed $15 million to Flynn, son to abduct Fethullah Gulen”
https://turkeypurge.com/wsj-turkey-proposed-15-mln-flynn-son-abduct-fethullah-gulen

17-“1,059 Turkish nationals claimed asylum in Germany in October”
https://turkeypurge.com/1059-turkish-nationals-claimed-asylum-germany-october

18-“Investigation launched against Erdogan’s long-arm in Sweden: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/investigation-launched-erdogans-long-arm-sweden

19-“Engineering professor, 4 other university personnel under custody”
https://turkeypurge.com/engineering-professor-4-university-personnel-custody

20-“22,000 public servants, families forced to declare social media accounts: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/22000-public-servants-families-forced-declare-social-media-accounts

21-“Two Turkish nationals, abducted from plane in Kazakhstan, returned to Turkey: report”
https://turkeypurge.com/two-turkish-nationals-abducted-plane-kazakhstan-returned-turkey-report

22-” Wives of police chiefs who led 2013 corruption operations detained”
https://turkeypurge.com/wives-police-chiefs-led-2013-corruption-operations-detained

23-“Appeals court upholds journalist Cemal’s sentences”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/10/appeals-court-upholds-journalist-cemals-sentences/

24-“Turkish Court Decides Once Again For Continuation Of Journalist Parıldak’s Imprisonment”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-court-decides-once-again-for-continuation-of-journalist-parildaks-imprisonment/

25-“Turkish PM Yıldırım Takes Anti-Gülen Witch-Hunt To The US”
https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-pm-yildirim-takes-anti-gulen-witch-hunt-to-the-us/

26-“Jailed German-Turkish reporter sees Turkey drifting toward fascism”
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-germany-turkey-journalist/jailed-german-turkish-reporter-sees-turkey-drifting-toward-fascism-idUSKBN1DA2S1

27-“Police assault, detain 10 people commemorating October Revolution in İstanbul”
https://turkeypurge.com/police-assault-detain-10-people-commemorating-october-revolution-istanbul

28-“Jailed coup suspect’s brother arrested as well”
https://turkeypurge.com/jailed-coup-suspects-brother-arrested-well

29-“Turkey issues detention warrant for US academic Barkey”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/11/turkey-issues-detention-warrant-for-us-academic-barkey/

30-“10 detained over social media posts in Ankara”
https://turkeypurge.com/10-detained-social-media-posts-ankara

31-“586 people detained over Gülen links in past week: ministry”
https://turkeypurge.com/586-people-detained-gulen-links-past-week-ministry

32-” Turkish lieutenant colonel recants testimony, says drugged and tortured”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/11/13/turkish-lieutenant-colonel-recants-testimony-says-drugged-and-tortured/

Türkiye tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 11/06/2017 – 11/13/2017

1-“Akın Öztürk’ün anlatamadığı işkenceler!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/akin-ozturkun-anlatamadigi-iskenceler-h107045.html

2-“Gaziantep’in en zenginiydiler, şimdi eşinin fakirlik belgesine kaldılar!”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/gaziantepin-en-zenginiydiler-simdi-esinin-fakirlik-belgesine-kaldilar-h107114.html

3-“Kapatılan Selahaddin Eyyübi Üniversitesi çalışanlarına operasyon”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/kapatilan-selahaddin-eyyubi-universitesi-calisanlarina-operasyon-h107093.html

4-“Kaçırılan iki Türk’ün kayıtsız gözaltında tutulduğu ortaya çıktı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/kacirilan-iki-turkun-kayitsiz-gozaltinda-tutuldugu-ortaya-cikti-h107173.html

5-“İHD Eş Genel Başkanı Türkdoğan gözaltına alındı”
http://aktifhaber.com/genel/ihd-es-genel-baskani-turkdogan-gozaltina-alindi-h107151.html

6-“Enis Berberoğlu: Tahliyemi talep edebileceğim bir mahkemem bile yok”
http://aktifhaber.com/politika/enis-berberoglu-tahliyemi-talep-edebilecegim-bir-mahkemem-bile-yok-h107161.html

7-“İnşaat İşçisine ‘Bylock’tan 6 Yıl 3 ay hapis!”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/insaat-iscisine-bylocktan-6-yil-3-ay-hapis-h107244.html

8-“WSJ: Türkiye, ‘Gülen’i İmralı’ya kaçırması’ için Flynn’e 15 milyon dolar teklif etti”
http://www.diken.com.tr/wsj-turkiye-guleni-imraliya-kacirmasi-icin-flynne-15-milyon-dolar-teklif-etti/

9-“Hasan Cemal’e ‘silahlı terör örgütünün açıklamalarını yayınladın’ cezası”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/hasan-cemale-silahli-teror-orgutunun-aciklamalarini-yayinladin-cezasi-h107218.html

10-“Cezaevinde öümüne işkence: yüzde 86 özürlü hasta bir ay doktora çıkarılmadı; yoğun bakımda yaşam mücadelesi veriyor!”
http://www.tr724.com/cezaevinde-olumune-iskence-yuzde-86-ozurlu-hasta-bir-ay-doktora-cikarilmadi-yogun-bakimda-yasam-mucadelesi-veriyor/

11-“İHD’nin raporu Türkiye’deki kötü muaemleyi ortaya koydu”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/ihdnin-raporu-turkiyedeki-kotu-muaemleyi-ortaya-koydu-h107251.html

12-“Antalya Döşemealtı L tipi Cezaevi’nde insan hakları ihlal ediliyor”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/antalya-dosemealti-l-tipi-cezaevinde-insan-haklari-ihlal-ediliyor-h107264.html

13-“Havalimanlarında yolculara keyfi uygulama!”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/havalimanlarinda-yolculara-keyfi-uygulama-h107271.html

14-“KHK ile ihraç edilen memura ‘LGBTİ terör örgütü’ suçlaması”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/khk-ile-ihrac-edilen-memura-lgbti-teror-orgutu-suclamasi/

15-“Bakan İsmet Yılmaz: Nuriye ve Semih’i desteklerseniz ölürler”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/bakan-ismet-yilmaz-nuriye-ve-semihi-desteklerseniz-olurler/

16-“Sanatçı Ömer Pekin tutuklandı”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/sanatci-omer-pekin-tutuklandi-h107302.html

17-“Tam teşekküllü Lösemi hastanesine izin yok”
http://aktifhaber.com/saglik/tam-tesekkullu-losemi-hastanesine-izin-yok-h107315.html

18-“Hulusi Akar’ın yaveri: Bana bir şey içirdiler”
http://aktifhaber.com/15-temmuz/hulusi-akarin-yaveri-bana-bir-sey-icirdiler-h107361.html

19-“Altanlar ve Ilıcak’ın tutukluk halinin devamına karar verildi”
http://www.diken.com.tr/altanlar-ve-ilicakin-yargilandigi-davada-tutukluk-halinin-devamina-karar-verildi/

20-“Altanlar ve Ilıcak’ın davasında 3’üncü duruşma: Avukatlar salondan çıkarıldı”
http://www.diken.com.tr/altanlar-ve-ilicakin-yargilandigi-davada-3uncu-durusma-avukatlar-salondan-cikarildi/

21-” Ankara Cumhuriyet davasında AİHM’e savunma gönderdi: ‘FETÖ’yle ilişkili; darbeci”
http://www.diken.com.tr/ankara-cumhuriyet-davasinda-aihme-savunma-gonderdi-fetoyle-iliskili-darbeci/

22-” Soru: 15 Temmuz’la ilgili kanıt yok, Yanıt: 11 Eylül için kanıt mı sorduk”
http://www.kronos.news/tr/15-temmuzla-ilgili-inandirici-kanit-yok-sorusuna-basbakan-yildirim-11-eylulle-ilgili-de-yok/

23-” Cezaevlerindeki kitap yasağını mektupla delecekler”
https://www.evrensel.net/haber/337848/cezaevlerindeki-kitap-yasagini-mektupla-delecekler

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AST Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly Oct. 30

Download as pdf: AST_Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly_Oct30

Turkey’s Human Rights Violations Weekly | 10/23/2017-10/30/2017

1-“7 detained for putting money into Bank Asya after December 2013 ”
https://turkeypurge.com/7-detained-for-putting-money-into-bank-asya-after-dec-2013

2-“Nigeria says asked by Turkey to extradite over 1000 people”
https://turkeypurge.com/nigeria-says-asked-by-turkey-to-extradite-over-1000-people

3-“Over 22,000 inmates sleep on floor in Turkey’s overcrowded prisons”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/24/over-22000-inmates-sleep-on-floor-in-turkeysovercrowded-prisons/

4-” Ex-German chancellor Schröder helped free activists in Turkey: report”
https://www.politico.eu/article/ex-german-chancellor-schroder-helped-free-activists-in-turkeyreport/

5-“Turkish gov’t bans imprisoned journalist’s book on human rights violations”
https://turkeypurge.com/turkish-govt-bans-imprisoned-journalists-book-on-human-rightsviolations

6-“Rights groups say 285 Turkish teachers, families, face risk of deportation from Pakistan”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/26/rights-groups-say-285-turkish-teachers-familiesface-risk-of-deportation-from-pakistan/

7-“US senators urge Trump to demand Turkey’s Erdoğan respect human rights”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/26/us-senators-urge-trump-to-demand-turkeyserdogan-respect-human-rights/

8-“Turkish court rules Amnesty’s Kılıç remain in pre-trial detention”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/26/turkish-court-rules-amnestys-kilic-remain-in-pretrial-detention

9-“Turkish court rules for arrest of 10 activists, 2 journalists”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/26/turkish-court-rules-for-arrest-of-10-activists-2-journalists/

10-“14-year-old boy caught in suitcase while trying to flee Turkey’s post-coup witch-hunt”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/25/video-14-year-old-boy-caught-in-suitcase-whiletrying-to-flee-turkeys-post-coup-witch-hunt/

11-“PACE co-rapporteurs call on Turkey to end harassment of NGO activists”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/27/pace-co-rapporteurs-call-on-turkey-to-endharassment-of-ngo-activists/

12-“Report exposes rights violations, inadequate conditions, in Turkish prisons”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/27/report-exposes-rights-violations-inadequateconditions-in-turkish-prisons/

13-“Former Konya bar association head gets 10 years in prison on coup charge”
https://turkeypurge.com/former-konya-bar-association-head-gets-10-years-in-prison-on-coupcharge

14-“Workers at gov’t-seized company fired over surname similarity with former owners”
https://turkeypurge.com/workers-at-govt-seized-company-fired-over-same-surname-withowner

15-“Dormitory manager gets 10-year jail sentence over Gülen links”
https://turkeypurge.com/dormitory-manager-gets-10-year-jail-sentence-over-gulen-links

16-“Rights abuses in Turkish prisons revealed in new report”
https://turkeypurge.com/rights-abuses-in-turkish-prisons-revealed-in-new-report

17-“Gov’t seizes 5 more Boydak companies in post-coup crackdown”
https://turkeypurge.com/govt-seizes-5-more-boydak-companies-in-post-coup-crackdown

18-“48 detained over ByLock use during dawn raids in Istanbul”
https://turkeypurge.com/video-48-detained-over-bylock-use-during-dawn-raids-in-istanbul

19-“Turkish rights NGO says conditions for prisoners in poor health alarming”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/28/turkish-rights-ngo-says-conditions-for-prisonersin-poor-health-alarming/

20-“Kosovo detains Gülen-linked teacher at Turkey’s request ”
https://turkeypurge.com/kosovo-detains-gulen-linked-teacher-turkeys-request

21-“DROI chair calls on Turkey to reverse ongoing crackdown on civil society”
https://www.turkishminute.com/2017/10/27/droi-chair-calls-on-turkey-to-reverse-ongoingcrackdown-on-civil-society/

Türkiye tarafından işlenenen İnsan Hakları İhlalleri | 10/23/2017-10/30/2017

1-“Hukuksuz tutuklamalar cezaevlerini doldurdu, yatacak yer kalmadı! ”
http://www.tr724.com/hukuksuz-tutuklamalar-cezaevlerini-doldurdu-yatacak-yer-kalmadi/

2-“İşte Kitlesel Kıyımın son rakamları”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/iste-kitlesel-kiyimin-son-rakamlari-h106277.html

3-“Nijerya’dan ikinci açıklama: IADE YOK”
http://aktifhaber.com/dunya/nijeryadan-ikinci-aciklama-iade-yok-h106264.html

4-“Kendisine bağlı muhabiri aradı diye tutuklandı”
http://aktifhaber.com/medya/kendisine-bagli-muhabiri-aradi-diye-tutuklandi-h106260.html

5-“Yeni tahliye olan bir kadın tutuklu kaldığı koğuşta gördüklerini yazdı”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/yeni-tahliye-olan-bir-kadin-tutuklu-kaldigi-kogustagorduklerini-yazdi-h106254.html

6-“Tekirdağ Cezaevi’nde kelepçeli işkence”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/tekirdag-cezaevinde-kelepceli-iskence-h106236.html

7-“Anayasa Mahkemesine başvuru sayısı”; Anayasa Mahkemesi’ne yapılan başvurular
incelendiğinde ise şöyle bir istatistik çıkıyor karşımıza; en çok başvuru adil yargılama hakkı
kapsamında geliyor. 2’inci sırada kişi hürriyeti ve güvenliği hakkı, mülkiyet hakkı, yaşama hakkı
ile işkence ve kötü muamele yasağı hakkı, ifade hürriyeti, özel hayata ve aile hayatına saygı hakkı
ve örgütlenme özgürlüğü alanında başvuruların geldiğini görmekteyiz
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/anayasa-mahkemesine-basvuru-sayisi-h106237.html

8-“Gülencilere sığınma vermeyin” talebine Yunanistan’dan red!
http://aktifhaber.com/dunya/gulencilere-siginma-vermeyin-talebine-yunanistandan-redh106289.html

9-“Cezaevindeki 668 bebek ve 17 bin kadın için sen de ses ver!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevindeki-668-bebek-ve-17-bin-kadin-icin-sen-de-ses-verh106400.html

10- “İnsanları çocuklarını valizle kurtarmaya çalışır duruma düşürdüler”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/insanlari-cocuklarini-valizle-kurtarmaya-calisir-durumadusurduler-h106398.html

11- “Pakistan polisinden mahkemede komik savunma”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/pakistan-polisinden-mahkemede-komik-savunma-h106371.html

12-” MİT Bylock verilerinde hata yapıldığını kabul etti”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/mit-bylock-verilerinde-hata-yapildigini-kabul-etti-h106366.html

13-“Tahliye olan hak savunucuları: Mücadeleye devam”
http://aktifhaber.com/gundem/tahliye-olan-hak-savunuculari-mucadeleye-devam-h106365.html

14-“Schröder gizlice Türkiye’ye gelip tutuklu aktivistleri bıraktırtmış”
http://aktifhaber.com/dunya/schroder-gizlice-turkiyeye-gelip-tutuklu-aktivistleri-biraktirtmish106390.html

15-“Şakran Cezaevi’nde Hizmet Gönüllülerine büyük provokasyon”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/sakran-cezaevinde-hizmet-gonullulerine-buyuk-provokasyonh106505.html

16-“25 yıllık hakim karı koca 15 aydır tek kişilik koğuşta zulüm altında!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/25-yillik-hakim-kari-koca-15-aydir-tek-kisilik-kogusta-zulumaltinda-h106498.html

17-“Ses ver Dünya! 668 bebek hapiste!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/ses-ver-dunya-668-bebek-hapiste-h106485.html

18-“Cezaevlerinde 357’si ağır 1025 hasta mahkûm var”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/cezaevlerinde-357si-agir-1025-hasta-mahkum-var-h106474.html

19-“Zekai Aksakallı eşimin ve kızlarımın iffetiyle tehdit etti!”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/zekai-aksakalli-esimin-ve-kizlarimin-iffetiyle-tehdit-ettih106486.html

20-“Silivri’de 29 kadın mahkuma işkence iddiası”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/silivride-29-kadin-mahkuma-iskence-iddiasi-h106462.html

21-“İşkence idari pratik haline geldi”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/iskence-idari-pratik-haline-geldi-h106518.html

22-“Şakran Cezaevi’nde Hizmet Gönüllülerine büyük provokasyon”
http://aktifhaber.com/iskence/sakran-cezaevinde-hizmet-gonullulerine-buyuk-provokasyonh106505.html

23-“Perinçek’ten, hizmet’e yönelik soykırım itirafı: suçlu olmalarına gerek yok, hepsini
temizlemeliyiz!”
http://www.tr724.com/perincekten-hizmete-yonelik-soykirim-itirafi-suclu-olmalarina-gerekyok-hepsini-temizlemeliyiz/

Read more